Death rate due to chronic diseases The number of deaths in 2014 is 108 952 and the crude mortality rate is 15.1‰. Compared to the previous year the number of deaths has increase by 4 607 or 4.4%. Mortality rate of the men is 16.1‰, and the women 14.1‰. 1 082 men died per 1 000 women in 2014. The premature mortality1 in 2014 is 22.4%, unchanged from 2013. There are considerable differences in the premature mortality indicator for male and female population. The dead females aged up to 64 represent 14.7% of all dead females, while among the males the same share is almost twice higher - 29.5%. The indicator “death rate due to chronic diseases” is defined as the death rate due to certain chronic diseases for persons aged less than 65 years, by gender. The following diseases have been considered: malignant neoplasms, diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, chronic lower respiratory diseases, and chronic liver diseases. As the incidence of chronic diseases varies significantly with age and sex, for international comparisons the indicator is expressed using age-standardized rates which improve comparability over time and between countries, as they adjust raw incidence rates according to a standard European age structure. In 2014 53.9% of all deaths of the population up to 65 years of age are due to these diseases and respectively 52.6% of male deaths and 56.5% of female deaths at the age up to 65. Similarly to the crude death rate, the figures for the death rate due to chronic diseases are significantly higher for the males. Figure 1. Death rate due to chronic diseases by gender Relative share of deceased persons up to the age of 65 years of the total number of deaths.