Plant Cell Notes 12/2 Photo – means light Synthesis – means putting together Photosynthesis – uses light energy to combine carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose and oxygen. Chloroplast – organelle where photosynthesis occurs (green, egg-shaped structures) Chlorophyll – green substance in the chloroplasts that traps energy from sunlight to make sugars. Cell Wall – tough, non-living material that acts like an outside skeleton for each plant cell. Information on plant cells Nearly all plant and animal cells contain cell membranes, nuclei, cytoplasm, and other organelles. Plant cells are larger than animal cells. Plant cells usually have only one large vacuole. It is located near the center and pushes cytoplasm against the cell membrane. 12/10 Notes Unicellular Organism – an organism that is made of a single cell. Multi-Cellular Organism – an organism that is made of multiple cells. *cells in multicellular organisms are specialized.* Tissue – a group of similar cells organized to do a specific job. Organ – different tissues working together to perform a particular function. Organ system – different organs and tissues working together.