Interpreting the Spanish Civil War: Consensus or Controversy? George Esenwein University of Florida After some sixty years of heated controversy regarding the origins, nature and outcome of the Spanish Civil War, a consensus is still as far as way as ever. In recent years, for example, a revisionist school of historians has been seeking to overturn what they have characterized as the Cold War paradigm of the Civil War, especially as it relates to events in Republican Spain. Against the allegedly monochromatic anti-communist narrative that grew up during the Cold War era, this group of scholars is constructing an explanatory model that employs contemporary social theory and which incorporates documentary evidence that has only recently come to light. Whether the revisionists are casting fresh light on our understanding of the Civil War or whether they are merely resurrecting debates and discussions that have long dominated the historiography of the conflict will be the central theme of this paper.