Grammatical Term Meaning/Possible Responses

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GRAMMATICAL TERMS
Grammatical Term
Meaning/Possible Responses (in italics)
Part of Speech
What type of word is it? Verb / Noun / Adjective / Adverb / Preposition /
Conjunction / Interjection
Sentence
A sentence says something about something. It consists of a subject and a
predicate
Subject
What the sentence is about.
Predicate
What is said about the subject.
VERBS
Conjugation
There are 4 types of Latin verbs, known as the 4 conjugations. They can be
distinguished by examining the 2nd principal part:
1st = AM
2nd = MONE
3rd = DUC
4th = AUDI
AMRE
MONRE
DUCERE
AUDRE
AMV
MONU
DUX
AUDV
AMTUM
MONITUM
DUCTUM
AUDTUM
Person
Who is the doer of an active verb or receiver of a passive verb?
Singular
plural
first
=
I
WE
second
=
YOU
YOU
third
=
HE, SHE, IT
THEY
Number
One or more? Singular / Plural
Tense
What time frame is the verb? Present / Imperfect / Future / Perfect /
Pluperfect / Future Perfect
Voice
Is the subject doing or receiving the action of the verb?
Active or Passive
Mood
In what manner is the action conceived?
Imperative / Infinitive / Participle
Vocab of Grammar
Appendiz
Indicative / Subjunctive /
Tuesday, September 22, 1998
NOUNS
Declension
There are 5 types of Latin nouns known as the 5 declensions. They can be
distinguished by their genitive singular form.
1st =
2nd =
3rd =
4th =
5th =
PUELLA,
DOMINUS,
DUX,
GRADUS,
RS,
PUELLAE
DOMIN
DUCIS
GRADS
R
Case
Nominative / Genitive / Dative / Accusative / Ablative / Vocative / Locative
Number
Singular or Plural
Gender
Is the noun Masculine / Feminine / Neuter ?
Function
Examine the sentence. How is the noun in question being used? Subject /
Direct Object / Indirect Object / Possession / Object of Preposition / Direct
Address
PRONOUN
Referent
A pronoun takes the place of a noun. The Referent is the noun which it
replaces. Callan loves Cassie. He gave her a rose on Valentine’s Day.
HE = Callan; HER = Cassie
Antecedent
The noun upon which a relative clause depends.
whom Dick gave the rose? Antecedent = girl
New Ritchies
Appendix Vocab of Grammar - color
Have you seen the girl to
Tuesday, September 22, 1998
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