4 Name:__________________________ Date/Period:__________________________ Continental Drift Why do the coastlines of continents appear to fit together like the pieces of a puzzle? Continental Drift:_____________________________________________________ Evidence for Continental Drift: Continental Drift Why do the coastlines of continents appear to fit together like the pieces of a puzzle? Continental Drift: A hypothesis (now a theory), introduced by Alfred Wegener. It states that the continents once formed a single landmass, then broke apart and drifted to their present location. Evidence of Continental Drift: Fossils – Mesosaurus fossils were discovered in South America and South Africa. Climate – The same ancient climate conditions have been found on several continents. For example, Greenland today is located near the Arctic and is covered with ice, yet fossils of tropical plants have been found on its shores. Rocks – The best evidence. A specific rock from Brazil matched rock found in western Africa. Also, limestone layers in the Appalachian Mountains of North America are exactly like the limestone in the Highlands of Scotland. Sea-Floor Spreading – As the seafloor moves apart, magma fills the gap. Older crust is farther away from the mid-ocean ridge than the younger crust is.