Name ____________________________________ Date ___________________ Class _______________ Chapter 14, Section 1 (Pgs 341-346) 1. Three practices that had corrupted the church: a. The marriages of ______________________ against church rulings. b. Simony: _________________________________________________ c. Lay investiture put ____________________ in control of church bishops. 2. Who was St. Francis of Assisi? 3. Describe Gothic Architecture: Cathedrals thrust _____________________. Light streamed in through _____________________________________. Vaulted ceilings rose up to ____________ feet. Look at the diagram on page 343. Key features of Gothic architecture: 1) pointed vaults that supported ____________________________ 2) _________________________________ supported the walls. 3) _________________________ and ____________________ pointed to heaven. 4. Pope Urban II called for a crusade against the _______________ ________________. 5. Reasons people joined the Crusades: a. Kings and the Church wanted to get rid of quarrelsome __________________. b. Younger sons were looking for _______________ and __________________ in society. c. Pope Urban II assured knights who died a place in ___________________. d. Merchants profited by making __________________ to finance the Crusades. e. Merchants also hoped to win control of _______________ _______________. 6. Describe what happened in the first and second Crusades: Most of the Crusaders were of _______________ origin. The Crusaders were _____prepared and did not know much about the __________ _________________. Finally, they approached ________________________ and besieged the city for a month. ______________ feudal states were carved out of the territory. The states were vulnerable to Muslim ________________________. 7. Who was Saladin? 8. Who did Richard the Lion-hearted defeat? 9. What did the knights sent to fight the fourth Crusade end up doing? 10. What was the Reconquista? 11. What was the Inquisition? 12. What are the major effects of the Crusades on European and Middle Eastern culture? a. Lessened the power of the ___________. b. Weakened the feudal _____________. c. Stimulated ______________ between Europe and Southwest Asia. d. Relations between Christians, Jews and Muslims ______________________. Name ____________________________________ Date ___________________ Class _______________ Chapter 14, Section 2 (Pgs 348-351) 1. Under the three-field system, farmers could use ___________________ of their land each year. 2. A trade guild is an association of people who work in the same ___________________. 3. What are the dangers of the new towns? Medieval towns developed haphazardly without plans for disposing ______________. People never __________________; houses lacked __________, _______________ and _________________. Houses were built with flammable thatch roofs and were vulnerable to __________________. 4. How did the move to the vernacular in language change literature? 5. What was the effect of towns on the feudal system? Chapter 14, Section 3 (Pgs 352-355) 1. In 1066, William the Conqueror successfully defeated Normandy and then England. This is called the ____________________ ___________________. 2. With the marriage of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry was both king of England and________ to the king of France. 3. Why is a jury such a major advancement to English Law? 4. In 1215 King John signed the Magna Carta. What was the Magna Carta supposed to ensure? 5. Describe the function of a parliament. Chapter 14, Section 4 (Pgs 356-361) 1. Describe the two sides of the Great Schism. 2. What problems John Wycliffe and Jan Hus have with the Catholic Church? 3. What factors in society enabled the spread of the bubonic plague? 4. List 5 ways that medieval society changed after the plague had ravaged towns. 5. What caused the Hundred Years’ War? 6. Explain how the use of the longbow changed warfare in the Hundred Years’ War. 7. How did Joan of Arc change the tide of war during the siege of Orleans?