Philosophy 190:Plato Fall, 2014 Prof. Hadreas Topics for the Last Paper The third paper will be due on the day of the final exam which is Wednesday, December, 17th. Please bring your paper either to my office or leave it in my mailbox in the Philosophy Department office. The length of the final paper should be approximately seven to eight pages (doubled-spaced). Choose from the following topics. 1. In the Sophist, the Eleatic Visitor provides many definitions of a sophist, e. g. one who conceitedly or insincerely acts as if wise, when in fact s/he is not. Discuss in what way Plato, in repeatedly attempting to define the sophist, implicitly informs us about the nature and beliefs of the genuine philosopher. 2. In the Sophist p. 287, 263D), the Eleatic Visitor encapsulates the conditions of a false statement: "But if someone says things about you, but says different things as the same or not beings as beings, then it definitely seems that false speech really and truly arises from that kind of putting together of verbs and names." Compare and contrast this account of false statements, without other theories of false statements such as the correspondence theory, the coherence theory, pragmatist theory, and/or a deflationist-based theory. 3. In the Statesman (p. 351, 305D), the Eleatic Visitor arrives at the following characterization of genuine statesmanship: "Visitor: If then one looks at all the sorts of expert knowledge that have been discussed, it must be observed that none of them has been declared to be statesmanship. For what is really kingship must not itself perform practical tasks, but control those with the capacity to perform them, because it knows what it is the right time to begin and set in motion the most important things in cities, and when it is the wrong time; and the others must do what has been prescribed for them." Explain how Plato arrives at this definition and why he thinks that, in reality, the application of statesmanship needs to be limited by laws. (turn over for more) 4. In the Philebus 13E-17A, Cooper 401-5 Plato explains the method of doing philosophy, dialectically as opposed to eristically (p. 405, 17A). Discuss this method and, as appropriate, illustrate its use with some example(s) drawn from sources outside of Plato’s works. 5. In the Philebus (66A-C, p 455) , Socrates makes the highest good, the good of rank #1, ". . . what is somehow connected with measure, the measured and the timely and whatever else is to be considered similar." He makes the good of rank #2, the "wellproportioned and beautiful, the perfect and self-sufficient and whatever else belong in that family." Rank #3 is "reason and intelligence." At rank #4 are ". . . the sciences and arts, and what we called right opinions. . ." Pleasure appears only as fifth on the list, and only those pure pleasures which are painless and attached to knowledge to sensation. Discuss and comment on Socrates demoting of pleasure to a fifth-rank place among human goods.