PS 948: Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict

Political Science 854: Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict
Professor Nadav Shelef
Spring 2009
Office: 414 North Hall
Office Hours: Tuesday 1-3, and by appointment
Course Description
Nationalism and ethnic conflict are among the defining phenomena of the modern epoch, yet our
understanding of these phenomena remains contested, if not elusive. Where is the nation’s
homeland? Who is part of “us”? What collective mission does are we to accomplish? How are
these questions answered? Do the answers change? These and other questions of nationalism and
national identity are at the heart of inter- and intra-national conflict around the world. This
course will unpack the main theoretical approaches to understanding them and the conflict they
generate (and show why these differences matter). It will then investigate the interactions
between state-building and nation-building, the relationship between nationalism, citizenship and
minority rights, the nexus between nationalism, ethnicity and conflict, the colonial legacies of
nationalism, religious nationalism, and the impact of globalization on nationalism.
Course Requirements
Students are expected to attend each class ready to contribute to the discussion and to have done
the readings assigned for each session prior to class. You should come prepared with two or
three questions raised by the readings. This course is a discussion seminar and your active
participation will determine how much you will get out of it. In this vein, each week two students
will provide a critique of the readings that will serve as the starting point for our discussion.
These critiques should not be summaries of the readings. At the very least the critiques should
argue the relative merits of the claims in the readings based on an evaluation of their
assumptions, conceptual argument, research design, evidence, and implications. Your critiques
should also try to situate each reading in the literature as a whole.
The critiques must be e-mailed by noon on the Wednesday before the class in question to the rest
of the class at:
There will be no examinations in this course. The major assignment is an original research paper
on an aspect of nationalism that you are interested in. The paper should be 20-25 pages (double
spaced) and is due May 8th. Students are strongly encouraged to discuss the proposal and the
paper with me (and with your colleagues) throughout the semester.
Grading Criteria
Final course grades will be assigned according to the following weights:
Class participation
Critical Reviews and Response Papers
Research paper
Course Readings
Readings are available in the course reader or online through the library reserves section of the
course website and through “Learn@UW”. The following books have been ordered at the
University Bookstore.
Anderson, Benedict. 1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of
Nationalism. New York: Verso Press.
Brubaker, Rogers. 1992. Citizenship and nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press.
Brubaker, Rogers. 1996. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in
the New Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chatterjee, Partha. 1993. The Nation and its fragments: Colonial and Post-Colonial
Histories. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Gellner, Ernst. Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Marx, Anthony. 2003. Faith in Nation: Exclusionary Origins of Nationalism. New York:
Oxford University Press.
Course Schedule
January 22: Introduction
Haas, Ernst B. 1986. “What is nationalism and why should we study it?,” International
Organization, 30(3): 707-744.
Connor, Walker. 1978. “A Nation is a Nation, is a State, is an Ethnic Group is a…,” Ethnic and
Racial Studies, 1(4): 377-397.
Brubaker, Rogers 1996. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the
New Europe, pp. 13-22.
Verdery, Katherine. 1993. “Whither ‘Nation’ and ‘Nationalism’?” Daedalus 122(3): 37-46.
Abdelai, Rawi, Yoshiko Herrera, Alastair Johnston and Rose McDermott, December 2006.
“Identity as a Variable,” Perspectives on Politics, 4(4): 695-711.
Chandra, Kanchan, forthcoming. “Making Causal Claims about the effect of “ethnicity,” in Mark
Lichbach and Alan Zuckerman, eds. Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and
Additional reading
Armstrong, John Nations Before Nationalism (1982).
Biener, Ronald ed., Theorizing Nationalism (1999).
Billig, Michael. 1995. Banal Nationalism. London: Sage.
Bourdieu, Pierre Language and Symbolic Power (1991).
Brass, Paul Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison (1991).
Calhoun, Craig Nationalism (1997).
Colley, Linda Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 (1992).
Connor, Walker Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding.(1994).
Cooper, Robert Language Planning and Social Change (1989).
Edwards, John Multi-Lingualism (1995).
Fishman, Joshua The Sociology of Language (1972).
Glazer, Nathan and Daniel Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot (1963).
Glazer, Nathan and Daniel Moynihan, eds., Ethnicity: Theory and Experience (1975).
Greenfeld, Liah Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity (1992).
Grillo, R. D. Pluralism and the Politics of Difference: State, Culture, and Ethnicity in
Comparative Perspective (1998).
Haas, Ernest Nationalism, Liberalism, and Progress: The Rise and Decline of Nationalism
Hall, John A. (ed) The state of the nation. Ernest Gellner and the theory of nationalism
(Cambridge University Press: Cambridge), pp.272-307
Hall, John, a. “Nationalisms: Classified and Explained”
Hall, Stuart. 1996. “Introduction: Who needs Identity?” in Stuart Hall and Paul DuGay, eds.
Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage publications.
Hastings, Adrian The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion, and Nationalism (1997).
Hobsbawm, Eric Nations and Nationalism since 1780 (1992).
Hroch, Miroslav Social Preconditions of National Revival in Europe: A Comparative Analysis of
the Social Composition of Patriotic Groups among the Smaller European Nations (1985).
Huntington, Samuel Who Are We: The Challenges to America’s National Identity (New York;
Simon and Schuster, 2004), chapter 2 (pp. 21-33).
Hutchinson, John and Anthony D. Smith, eds., Ethnicity (1996).
Hutchinson, John and Anthony Smith, eds., Nationalism (1994).
Jenkins, Richard Rethinking Ethnicity: Arguments and Explanations (1997).
Kedourie, Elie Nationalism (1961).
Kohn, Hans The Idea of Nationalism: A Study of Its Origins and Background (1945).
Laponce, J. A. Languages and Their Territories (1987).
Mosse, George L. The Nationalization of the Masses: Political Symbolism and Mass Movements
in Germany from the Napoleonic Wars through the Third Reich (1975).
Motyl, Alexander. Winter 1992. “The Modernity of Nationalism,” Journal of International
Affairs, 45(2): 307-323.
Nash, Manning The Cauldron of Ethnicity (1989).
Peterson, William Ethnicity Counts (1997).
Porter, Brian When Nationalism Began to Hate: Imagining Modern Politics in Nineteenth
Century Poland (2000).
Renan, Ernst “What is a nation.”
Smith, Anthony National Identity (1991).
Smith, Anthony The Ethnic Origins of Nations (1987).
Suny, Ronald and Geoff Eley, eds., Becoming National: A Reader (1996).
Theo Goldberg, David “The Semantics of Race,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 15, no. 4
(October 1992), pp. 543-569
Weber, Eugen Peasants Into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914
Weber, Max. 1978 [1922]. Economy and Society, eds. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich.
Berkeley: University of California Press, 385-398; 900-904, 910-912; 921-926.
Weinstein, Brian The Civic Tongue (1983).
Young, Crawford The Politics of Cultural Pluralism (1976).
January 29: When is a nation? The Primordial and perennial answer
Geertz, Clifford. 1963. “The Integrative Revolution,” in Clifford Geertz, ed., Old Societies and
New States, 105-130.
Van den Berghe, Pierre. 1978. “Race and Ethnicity: a Socio-Biological Perspective,” Ethnic and
Racial Studies, 1(4):401-411.
Smith, Anthony. The Ethnic Origins of Nations, 21-46, 129-173.
Grosby, Stephen 1994. “The Verdict of History: The Inexpungeable Tie of Primordiality–A
Response to Eller and Coughlan,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 17(1): 164-171.
Jan Erk. 2003. “‘Wat We Zelf Doen, Doen We Beter’; Belgian Substate Nationalisms,
Congruence and Public Policy,” Journal of Public Policy. 23(2):201-24.
Gil-White, Franscisco J. September 1999. “How Thick is Blood? The Plot Thickens . . . : If
Ethnic Actors are Primordialists, What Remains of the Circumstantialist/Primordialist
Controversy?” Ethnic and Racial Studies, pp. 789-820.
Connor, Walker. July 1993. “Beyond Reason: The Nature of the Ethnonational Bond,” Ethnic
and Racial Studies, 16(3): 373-389.
Additional reading
Armstrong, John. Nations before Nationalism.
Bentley, G. C. 1987. "Ethnicity and Practice." Comparative Studies in Society and History
Bolnick, Deborah A. 2003. "Showing Who They Really Are: Commercial Ventures in Genetic
Genealogy." Unpublished conference paper.
Brodwin, Paul "Genetics, Identity, and the Anthropology of Essentialism," Anthropological
Quarterly, Vol. 75, No. 2. (Spring, 2002), pp. 323-330.
Connor, Walker Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding (1994).
Eller, Jack and Reed Coughlan, “The Poverty of Primordialism: The Demystification of Ethnic
Attachments,” Ethnic and Racial Studies (April 1993), pp. 183-202.
Epstein, A. L. Ethos and Identity: Three Studies in Ethnicity (1978).
Evans, Martin (1996) 'Languages of racism within contemporary Europe', in: Brian Jenkins and
Spyros A. Sofos (eds) Nation and identity in contemporary Europe. (Routledge: London
& New York).
Hirschfeld, Lawrence A. 1996. Race in the Making: Cognition, Culture and the Child's
Construction of Human Kinds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 1996.
Horowitz, Donald. 1985. Ethnic Groups in Conflict, 55-92
Miles, Robert (1993) Racism after 'race relations' (Routledge: London), Ch. 2: Nationalism and
racism: antithesis and articulation, pp.53-80
Mosse, George L. (1995) ‘Racism and nationalism’, Nations and nationalism 1, 2, 163-73
Reynolds, Vernon Vincent Falger, and Ian Vine, eds., The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism:
Evolutionary Dimensions of Xenophobia, Discrimination, Racism, and Nationalism
Shaw, R. Paul and Yuwa Wong, Genetic Seeds of Warfare: Evolution, Nationalism and
Patriotism (1989), pp. 23-61.
Shils, Edward. “Primordial, Personal, Sacred, and Civil Ties,” British Journal of Sociology,
(1957), pp. 113-145.
Smith, A. D. The Ethnic Revival
Smith, Anthony Nationalism and Modernism (London: Routledge, 1998),
Stack, John F. Jr., ed., The Primordial Challenge: Ethnicity in the Contemporary World (1986).
Tajfel, Henry “Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations,” Annual Review of Psychology
Van den Berghe, Pierre The Ethnic Phenomenon (1981).
Van den Berghe, Pierre L. (1995) ‘Does race matter?’ Nations and nationalism 1, 3, 357-68
February 5: When is a nation II? The Modernist Answer
Gellner, Ernst. Nations and Nationalism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
“The nation: real or imagined? The Warwick Debates on Nationalism,” Nations and
Nationalism, 2(3):357-370.
Greenfeld, Leah. 1996. “Nationalism and Modernity,” Social Research, 63(1): 3-35.
Additional Reading
Connor, Walker “The Timelessness of Nations,” Nations and Nationalism, vol. 10, no. 1/2
(2004): 35-48.
Deutsch, Karl. 1953. Nationalism and social communication,
Gellner, E. "Nationalism," Theory and Society, vol. 10 No 6, 1981. pp 753-76.
Gellner, E. "Scale and Nation" in Philosophy of the Social Sciences, 3,1973, pp. 1-17
Gellner, E., Thought and Change Chapter on Nationalism
Greenfeld, Liah (1992) Nationalism: Five roads to modernity (Harvard University Press:
Cambridge, Mass)
Hall, John A. and Ian Jarvie (eds.), The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner.
Hall, John A. (ed.) The state of the nation. Ernest Gellner and the theory of nationalism
(Cambridge University Press: Cambridge)
Hobsbawm, E. J. 1990. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nairn, Tom. 1997. Faces of nationalism. New York: Verso.
O’Leary, B. P. 1997. “On the Nature of Nationalism: An Appraisal of Ernest Gellner’s Writings
on Nationalism,” British Journal of Political Science, 27:191-222.
February 12: Where do nations come from? The constructivist answer
Anderson, Benedict. 1991. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of
Additional reading
Anderson, B. & R. O'Gorman, Language and power: exploring political cultures in Indonesia
Babha, Homi ed., Nation and Narration (1990).
Barth, Frederik. 1969. “Introduction,” in Frederik Barth, ed., Ethnic Groups and Boundaries:
The Social Organization of Culture Difference, pp. 9-39.
Berezin, Mabel. “Political Belonging: Emotion, Nation, and Identity in Fascist Italy,” in George
Steinmetz, ed., State/Culture: State-Formation after the Cultural Turn (1999), pp. 355377.
Berger, Peter and Thomas Luckmann, The Social Construction of Reality (1966).
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1985. “The Social Space and the Genesis of Groups,” Theory and Society,
14(6): 723-744.
Bravman, Bill Making Ethnic Ways: Communities and their Transformation in Taita, Kenya,
1800-1950 (1998).
Brower, Daniel R. and Edward J. Lazzerini, eds., Russia’s Orient: Imperial Borderlands and
Peoples, 1700-1917 (1997).
Calhoun, Craig ed., Social Theory and the Politics of Identity (1994).
Chanady, Amaryll ed., Latin American Identity and Constructions of Difference (1994).
Cornell, Stephen and Douglas Hartmann. 1998. Ethnicity and Race: Making Identities in a
Changing World. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press, Ch. 6.
Dikotter, Frank. “Group Definition and the Idea of ‘Race’ in Modern China (1793-1949),”
Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 13, no. 3 (1990), pp. 420-431.
Gladney, Dru “Relational Alterity: Constructing Dungan (Hui), Uiger, and Kazakh Identities
across China, Central Asia, and Turkey,” History and Anthropology (1996), pp. 445-477.
Hamilton, Carolyn Terrific Majesty: The Powers of Shaka Zulu and the Limits of Historical
Invention (1998).
Hobsbawm, Eric and Terence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition.
Karakasidou, Anastasia N. (1997) Fields of Wheat, Hills of Blood. Passages to nationhood in
Greek Macedonia 1870-1990 (The University of Chicago Press: Chicago/London)
Longman, Timothy. 2001. “Identity Cards, Ethnic Self-Perception, and Genocide in Rwanda,” in
Jane Caplan and John Torpey, eds., Documenting Individual Identity: The Development
of State Practices in the Modern World, pp. 345-357.
Moerman, Michael. 1965. "Ethnic Identification in a Complex Civilization: Who Are the Lue?"
American Anthropologist 67(1):1215-30.
Nagel, Joane. 1995. "American Indian Ethnic Revival: Politics and the Resurgence of Identity."
American Sociological Review 60:947-65.
Onuf, Nicholas World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International
Relations (1989).
Roosens, Eugeen Creating Ethnicity (1989).
Sahlins, Peter Boundaries: The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees (1989).
Said, E. Orientalism
Sollors, Werner ed., The Invention of Ethnicity (1989).
Suttles, Gerald D. The Social Construction of Communities (1972).
Vail, Leroy ed., 1989. The Creation of Tribalism in Southern Africa.
February 19: Where do nations come from? The instrumentalist answer
Hobsbawm, Eric. 1983. “Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914,” in The Invention of
Tradition. Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Press, 263-307.
Trevor-Roper, Hugh. 1983. “The Invention of Tradition: The Highland Tradition of Scotland,” in
The Invention of Tradition. Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 15-42.
Bates, Robert H. 1983. “Modernization, Ethnic Competition and the Rationality of Politics in
Contemporary Africa,” in State versus Ethnic Claims: African Policy Dilemmas, Eds.
Donald Rothchild and Victor Olorunsola. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 152-171.
Laitin, David. 1998. Identities in Formation: The Russian-Speaking Populations in the Near
Abroad. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 3-35, 105-157.
Laitin, David D. 1995. "Marginality: A Microperspective." Rationality and Society 7(1):31-57.
Snyder, Jack and Karen Ballentine, 1996. “Nationalism and the Marketplace of Ideas,”
International Security 2: 5-40.
Hroch, Miroslav, January-April, 2004. “From ethnic group toward the modern nation: the Czech
case,” Nations & Nationalism, 10(1/2): 95-107.
Price, Robert, June 1997. “Race and Reconciliation in the New South Africa,” Politics &
Society, 25(2):149-178.
Additional Readings for instrumentalism
Banton, Michael Racial and Ethnic Competition (1983).
Brass, Paul Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison (1991).
Cohen, Abner ed., Urban Ethnicity (1974).
Deutsch, Karl Peoples, Nations, and Communication (1953).
Enloe, Cynthia Ethnic Conflict and Political Development (1972).
Esman, Milton Ethnic Politics (1994).
Glazer, Nathan and Daniel Moynihan, eds., Ethnicity: Theory and Experience (1975).
Hardin, R. One for All
Hechter, Michael Containing Nationalism
Hechter, Michael Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development
1536-1966 (1975).
Hechter, Michael Debra Friedman, and Malka Appelbaum. Summer 1982. “A Theory of Ethnic
Collective Action,” International Migration Review, pp. 412-434.
Horowitz, Donald Ethnic Groups in Conflict (1985).
Kasfir, Nelson 1976. The Shrinking Political Arena, 28-85.
Kasfir, Nelson. April, 1979. “Explaining Ethnic Political Participation,” World Politics
Keyes, Charles ed., Ethnic Change (1981).
Laitin, David D. 1995. "National Revivals and Violence." Archives Européenes De Sociologie
Laitin, David. 1998. Identities in Formation: The Russian-Speaking Populations in the Near
Abroad. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Laitin, David Language Repertoires and State Construction in Africa.
Light, Ivan and Steven Gold, Ethnic Economies (2000).
McAdam, Doug, Sidney Tarrow, Charles Tilly, Dynamics of Contention (2002), Chapter 8.
McElreath, Richard, Robert Boyd and Peter J. Richerson. “Shared Norms Can Lead to the
Evolution of Ethnic Markers,” Current Anthropology, 44: 122-130, 2003.
Michael, Hechter, 1992. "The Dynamics of Secession." Acta Sociologica 35(4):467-283.
Nash, Manning The Cauldron of Ethnicity (1989).
Okamura, J. Y. “Situational Ethnicity,” Ethnic and Racial Studies vol. 4, no. 4 (1981), pp. 452463.
Olzak, Susan and Joane Nagel, eds., Competitive Ethnic Relations (1986),
Olzak, Susan The Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict (1992).
Olzak, Susan “Ethnic Protest in Core and Periphery,” Ethnic and Racial Studies (March 1998),
pp. 187-217.
Patterson, Orlando “Context and Choice in Ethnic Allegiance,” in Nathan Glazer and Daniel
Moynihan, Ethnicity , pp. 305 - 349.
Rabushka, Alvin and Kenneth Shepsle, Politics in Plural Societies (1972),
Rogowski, Ronald. 1985. “Causes and varieties of nationalism: A rationalist account,” in Edward
Tiryakian and Ronald Rogowski, New Nationalism of the Developed World. Boston:
Allen & Unwin, 87-104.
Rothschild, Joseph Ethnopolitics: A Conceptual Framework (1981).
Shibutani, Tamotsu and Kian Kwan, Ethnic Stratification: A Comparative Approach (1965).
Varshney, Ashutosh “Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Rationality,” Perspectives on Politics
vol. 1, no. 1 (March 2003), pp. 85-99.
Waters, Mary C. Ethnic Options: Choosing Identifies in America.
February 26: Coping with Janus: how to account for the stability and fluidity in nations
and nationalism?
“Cumulative Findings in the Study of Ethnic Politics.” Symposium in APSA-CP, Winter 2001.
De Cillia, Rudolf, Martin Reisigl, and Ruth Wodak, 1999. “The Discursive Construction of
National Identities,” Discourse & Society, 10: 149-173
Brubaker, Rogers, Mara Loveman, and Peter Samatov. 2004. Ethnicity as Cognition. Theory and
Society 33: 31-64.
Brubaker, Rogers and Frederick Cooper. 2000. “Beyond ‘Identity,’” Theory and Society, 29(1):
Loveman, Mara. 1999. “Making 'Race' and Nation in the United States, South Africa, and Brazil:
Taking Making Seriously.” Theory and Society 28(6):903-27.
Chandra, Kanchan and Steven Wilkinson. April-May, 2008. “Measuring the Effect of
“Ethnicity”,” Comparative Political Studies, 41(4/5):515-568.
Kuran, Timur. June 1998. “Ethnic Norms and Their Transformation Through Reputational
Cascades,” Journal of Legal Studies, 623-659.
Additional reading
Beissinger, Mark. Spring 1996. “How Nationalisms Spread: Eastern Europe Adrift and Tides and
Cycles of Nationalist Contention,” Social Research, 63(1): 97-137.
Benner, Erica. 2001. “Is there a core national doctrine?,” Nations and Nationalisms, 7(2): 155174.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1991. "Identity and Representation: Elements for a Critical Reflection on the
Idea of Region." in Language and Symbolic Power, by Pierre Bourdieu. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press, 220-228.
Chandra, Kanchan. 2005. “A Constructivist Dataset on Ethnicity and institutions,” forthcoming
in Identity as a Variable.
Hale, Henry. 2004. “Explaining Ethnicity,” Comparative Political Studies. 37(4): 458-485.
Hannerz, Ulf Cultural Complexity: Studies in the Social Organization of Meaning (1992).
Kuran, Timur, “The Unthinkable and the Unthought,”
Lustick, Ian. 2000. "Agent-based modeling of collective identity: Testing constructivist theory."
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulations, 3,1.
March 5: Nationalism and the state
Brubaker, Rogers. 1996. Nationalism Reframed: Nationhood and the National Question in the
New Europe, 23-106.
Weber, Eugene. 1976. Peasants into Frenchmen: the Modernization of Rural France 1870-1914,
Stanford, 292-338.
Marx, Anthony. 2003. Faith in Nation: Exclusionary Origins of Nationalism. New York: Oxford
University Press, chs. 5-6.
Laitin, David D. 1985. “Hegemony and Religious Conflict: British Imperial Control and Political
Cleavages in Yorubaland,” in Peter Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and Theda Skocpol,
eds., Bringing the State Back In, pp. 285-316.
McEwen, Nicola. 2002. “State Welfare Nationalism: the territorial impact of welfare
development in Scotland,” Regional and Federal Studies 12:66-90.
Additional reading
Béland, Daniel and André Lecours. 2008. Nationalism and Social Policy: The Politics of
Territorial Solidarity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Biener, Ronald ed., Theorizing Nationalism (1999).
Breuilly, John Nationalism and the State (1982).
Calhoun, Craig Nationalism (1997).
Conversi, Daniele The Basques, the Catalans, and Spain: Alternative Routes to Nationalist
Mobilization (1997).
Dunn, John ed., Contemporary Crisis of the Nation State? (1995).
Finer, Samuel. “State and Nation-Building in Europe: The Role of the Military,” in Charles Tilly
(ed.), The Formation of National States in Western Europe (Princeton: Princeton
University Press, 1975).
Hall, John ed., The State of the Nation (1998).
Hobsbawm, Eric. 1990. Nations and Nationalism since 1780. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Kymlicka, Will. April 2000, “Nation-Building and Minority Rights: Comparing East and West,”
Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 26(2):83-212.
Miller, David On Nationality (1995).
Rothschild, Joseph. 1981. Ethnopolitics: A Conceptual Framework. New York: Columbia
University Press.
Suny, Ronald and Geoff Eley, eds., Becoming National: A Reader (1996).
Tamir, Yael Liberal Nationalism (1993).
Tilly, Charles. Coercion, Capital, and European States.
White, Harrison C. Identity and Control: A Structural Theory of Social Action (1992).
Wimmer, Andreas. 1997. "Who Owns the State? Understanding Ethnic Conflict in PostColonial Societies." Nations and Nationalism 3(4):631-65.
Young, Crawford. “Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Africa,” in Monserrat Guibernau and
John Hutchinson, eds., Understanding Nationalism (2001), pp. 164-181.
March 12: Nationalism and citizenship
Brubaker, Rogers. 1992. Citizenship and nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press.
Marx, Anthony. 2003. Faith in Nation: Exclusionary Origins of Nationalism. New York: Oxford
University Press, ch 4.
Mosse, George L. 1995. “Racism and Nationalism,” Nations and Nationalism, 1(2):163-173.
Additional reading
Barany, Zoltan The East European Gypsies: Regime Change, Marginality, and Ethnopolitics
Barrington, Lowell. After Independence
Barrington, Lowell. April-June 2001. “Russian-Speakers in Ukrain and Kazakhstan:
“Nationality,” “Population,” or Neither?” Post-Soviet Affairs, 17(2): 129-158. Laitin,
David “Comment on Lowell Barrington,” Post-Soviet Affairs, 17(2): 159-163;
Barrington, Lowell “A Reply to David Laitin,” Post-Soviet Affairs, 17(2): 164-166.
Bengio, Ofra and Gabriel Ben-Dor, eds., Minorities and the State in the Arab World (2000).
Claude, Inis National Minorities: An International Problem (1969).
Collinson, Saray “Public Policies towards Immigrant Minorities in Western Europe,” in
Crawford Young, ed., Ethnic Diversity and Public Policy: A Comparative Inquiry (1998),
pp. 153-191.
Cornell, Stephen Return of the Native: American Indian Political Resurgence (1988).
Cowan, Jane K. Marie-Benedicte Dembour, and Richard A. Wilson, eds., Culture and Rights:
Anthropological Perspectives (2001).
Crawford, James ed., The Rights of Peoples (1988).
de Silva, K. M. Managing Ethnic Tensions in Multi-Ethnic Societies: Sri Lanka, 1980-85 (1986).
Deloria, Vine and Clifford Lytle, The Nations Within: The Past and Future of Indian Sovereignty
Diamond, Larry and Marc Plattner, eds., Nationalism, Ethnic Conflict, and Democracy (1994).
Gagnon, Alain-G. and James Tully, eds., Multinational Democracies (2001).
Glazer, Nathan We Are All Multiculturalists Now (1997).
Grant, Bruce In the Soviet House of Cultures: A Century of Perestroikas (1995).
Greenfeld, Liah Nationalism: Five Roads to Modernity.
Grofman, Bernard et al., Minority Representation and the Quest for Voting Equality (1992).
Gurr, Ted Minorities at Risk (1993).
Gurr, Ted Peoples versus States: Minorities at Risk in the New Century (2000).
Gutmann, Amy Identity in Democracy (2003).
Guttman, Amy ed., Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition (1994).
Harvey Glickman, ed., Ethnic Conflict and Democratization in Africa (1995).
Horowitz, Donald A Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society
(1991), pp. 163-238.
Horowitz, Donald Ethnic Groups in Conflict.
King, Charles and Neil Melvin, eds., Nations Abroad: Diaspora Politics and International
Relations ni the Former Soviet Union (1998).
Kook. R. The Logic of Democratic Exclusion.
Kukathas, C. "Are they Cultural Rights? Political Theory, 1992, 20/1 pp. 105-39 and Kymlicka,
W. "The Rights of Minority Cultures, a Reply to Kukathas" Political Theory, 1992, 20/1
pp. 140-6
Kymlicka and Magda Opalski, eds., Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported?: Western Political
Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe (New York: Oxford University Press,
Kymlicka, W. "Liberalism and the Politicisation of Ethnicity" Canadian Journal of Law and
Jurisprudence, 1991, 4/2 pp. 239-56.
Kymlicka, W. “Misunderstanding Nationalism,” Dissent, Winter 1995, p.30-7
Kymlicka, W. and C. Straehle, "Cosmopolitanism, Nation-States and Minority Nationalism: A
Critical Review of Recent Literature,” European Journal of Philosophy, 7:1, April 1999,
pp. 65-88.
Kymlicka, Will Liberalism, Community and Culture.
Kymlicka, Will Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights (1995).
Lewis, Bernard and Dominique Schapper, eds., Muslims in Europe (1994).
Lichtenberg, Judith “How Liberal Can Nationalism Be?,” in Beiner, ed., Theorizing Nationalism.
Lijphart, Arend Electoral Systems and Party Systems: A Study of 27 Democracies, 1945-1990
Lijphart, Arendt Democracy in Plural Societies (1977).
Linz, Juan and Alfred Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation (1996).
McGarry, John “Northern Ireland, Civic Nationalism, and the Good Friday Agreement,” in John
McGarry, ed., Northern Ireland and the Divided World (2001), pp. 109-136.
Miller, David, On Nationality.
Nagel, Joanne American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Red Power and the Resurgence of Identity and
Culture (1996).
Parekh, Bhikhu Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory (2000).
Parekh, Bikhu, "British Citizenship and Cultural Difference", in Geoff Andrews (ed.)
Citizenship, Lawrence & Wishart, London, 1991.
Parekh, Bikhu, "Cultural Pluralism and the Limits of Diversity", Alternatives, 1995, Vol. 20, No.
43, pp. 431-57.
Parekh, Bikhu, "Dilemmas of a Multicultural Theory of Citizenship", Constellations, 1997, Vol.
4, No.1, pp. 54-62.
Parekh, Bikhu, "Integrating Minorities in a Multicultural Society" in F. Requejo and U. Preuss
(eds.) European Citizenship, Multiculturalism and the State, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft,
Baden-Baden, 1998.
Perry, Richard From Time Immemorial: Indigenous Peoples and State Systems (1996).
Reilly, Benjamin Democracy in Divided Societies: Electoral Engineering for Conflict
Management (2001).
Rex, John Ethnic Minorities in the Modern Nation-State (1996).
Reynolds, Andrew ed., The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict
Management, and Democracy (2002).
Slezkine, Yuri Arctic Mirrors: Russia and the Small Peoples of the North (1994).
Snyder, Jack From Voting to Violence.
Spencer, Philip and Howard Wollman. 1998. “Good and bad nationalisms: a critique of
dualism,” Journal of Political Ideologies, 3(3): 255-274.
Stavenhagen, Rodolfo “Indigenous Peoples: Emerging International Actors,” in Crawford
Young, ed., Ethnic Diversity and Public Policy: A Comparative Inquiry (1998), pp. 133152.
Takaki, Ronald Strangers from a Different Shore: A History of Asian Americans (1989).
Tamir, Yael. Liberal Nationalism
Thornberry, Patrick International Law and the Rights of Minorities (1991).
Urban, Greg and Joel Sheazer, eds., Nation-States and Indians in Latin America (1991).
Van Cott, Donna Lee ed., Indigenous Peoples and Democracy in Latin America (1995).
van Cott, Donna Lee The Friendly Liquidation of the Past: Constitutional Transformation in
Latin America (2000).
Walzer, Michael On Toleration (1997).
Warren, Kay Indigenous Movements and Their Critics: Pan-Maya Activism in Guatemala
Williams, Melissa Voice, Trust, and Memory: Marginalized Groups and the Failings of Liberal
Representation (1998).
March 19: Spring Break
March 26: Nationalism, Religion, and Religious Nationalism
Marx, Anthony. 2003. Faith in Nation: Exclusionary Origins of Nationalism. New York: Oxford
University Press, chs. 1-3, 7
Smith, Anthony D. 2000. “The 'Sacred' Dimension of Nationalism,” Millennium, 29(3): 791-814.
Juergensmeyer, Mark. July, 1995. “The New Religious State.” Comparative Politics 27(4): 37991.
Asad, Talal. 1999. “Religion, nation-state, secularism,” in Peter van der Veer and Hartmut
Lehman (eds.), Nation and Religion: Perspectives on Europe and Asia. Princeton
University Press.
Lapidus, Ira. 2001. “Between universalism and particularism: The historical bases of Muslim
communal, national, and global identities,” Global Networks 1(1):37-55.
Additional Reading
Akenson, Donald Harman God’s Peoples: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel, and
Ataman, Muhittin “Islamic Perspective on Ethnicity and Nationalism: Diversity or Uniformity?,”
Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 23, no. 1 (April 2003): 89-102.
Bruce, Steve. 2003. Politics and Religion. Cambridge, UK, Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Cauthen, Bruce. Jan-Apr2004, “Covenant and continuity: ethno-symbolism and the myth of
divine election,” Nations & Nationalism, Vol. 10 Issue 1/2, p19-33.
Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 (Yale University Press, 1992),
introduction and chapter 1.
Conversi, Daniele ed., Ethnonationalism in the Contemporary World: Walker Connor and the
Study of Nationalism (London: Routledge, 2004).
Dohen, Dorthy Nationalism and American Catholicism (New York: Sheed and Ward, 1967)
Friedland, Roger. 2002. “Money, Sex and God: The Erotic Logic of Religious Nationalism,”
Sociological Theory, 20(3): 381-425.
Hastings, Adrian The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism.
Huntington, Samuel Who Are We: The Challenges to America’s National Identity (New York;
Simon and Schuster, 2004).
Juergensmeyer, Mark The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State.
Little, David “Belief, Ethnicity and Nationalism,” United State Institute of Peace Publication.
Munson, Henry “Islam, Nationalism and Resentment of Foreign Domination,” Middle East
Policy, vol. 10, no.2 (2003): 40-53.
Smith, Anthony “Nationalism in Early Modern Europe,” History and Theory 44, October 2005,
Smith, Anthony D. “Nationalism and Religion” & “The Nation as a Sacred Communion” in
Idem, Chosen Peoples: Sacred Sources of National Identity, Oxford University Press,
van der Veer, Peter. 1994. Religious Nationalism: Hindus and Muslims in India. Berkeley:
University of California Press.
Varshney, Ashutosh. 2002. Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India. New
Haven: Yale University Press.
Weeden, Lisa “Beyond the Crusades: Why Huntington, and Bin Laden, Are Wrong,” Middle
East Policy, vol. 10, no. 2 (2003): 54-61.
April 2: MPSA – No class
April 10: No Class
April 16: Nationalism and Colonialism
Chatterjee, Partha. 1993. The Nation and its fragments: Colonial and Post-Colonial Histories.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, chs. 1-3.
Fanon, Frantz, “On National Culture,” 206-248
Young, Crawford, “Ethnicity and the Colonial and Post-Colonial State in Africa,” in Paul Brass.,
ed. Ethnic Groups and the State. (1985).
Herbst, Jeffrey. Autumn, 1989. “The Creation and Maintenance of National Boundaries in
Africa,” International Organization, 43(4): 673-692.
Posner, Daniel N. January 2003. “The Colonial Origins of Ethnic Cleavages: The Case of
Linguistic Divisions in Zambia,” Comparative Politics, pp. 127-146.
Additional Reading
Chatterjee, Partha Nationalist Thought and the Colonial World.
Fannon, Frantz. 1963. The Wretched of the Earth.
Hechter, Michael. 2000. Containing Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Shastri, Amita and A. J. Wilson, eds., The Post Colonial States of South Asia (London: Curzon
Press, 2001), chapter 9 (pp. 196-212).
Snyder, Jack From Voting to Violence, chapter 6
Cooper, Frederick. Dec., 1994. “Conflict and Connection: Rethinking Colonial African History,”
The American Historical Review, 99(5): 1516-1545.
April 23: Nationalism and conflict
Posen, Barry. Spring 1993. “The security dilemma and ethnic conflict,” Survival, 35(1):27-47
Laitin, David. 1995. "National revivals and violence," European Journal of Sociology, 36: 3-43.
Gagnon, V.P. Jr. Winter 1994/1995. "Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of
Serbia," International Security 19(3), pp. 132-168, and correction.
Fearon, James D. and David D. Laitin. 2000. "Violence and the Social Construction of Ethnic
Identity." International Organization 54(4):845-77.
Kaufman, Stuart J. Spring 2006. “Symbolic politics or rational choice? Testing theories of
extreme ethnic violence,” International Security, 30(4): 45-86.
Fearon, James and David Laitin. December 1996. “Explaining Interethnic Cooperation,” The
American Political Science Review, 90(4): 715-735.
Posner, Daniel. “The Political Salience of Cultural Difference: Why Chewas and Tumbukas Are
Allies in Zambia and Adversaries in Malawi.” American Political Science Review. 98.4
(2004): 529-545.
Kalyvas, Stathis August 2008. “Ethnic defection in civil war,” Comparative Political Studies,
41(8): 1043-1068.
Additional reading
Bauman, Zygmunt Modernity and the Holocaust (1989).
Beissinger, Mark R. “Nationalism and Violence,” in Alexander J. Motyl, ed., Encyclopedia of
Bourke, Joanna (1999) An intimate history of killing. Face-to-face killing in twentieth-century
warfare (Granta Books: Great Britain).
Brass, Paul R. ed., Riots and Pogroms (1996).
Brass, Paul R. Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence
Browning, Christopher R. The Path to Genocide (1992).
Brubaker, Rogers and David D. Laitin, “Ethnic and Nationalist Violence,” Annual Review of
Sociology (1998), pp. 423-452.
Chirot, Daniel and Martin Seligman, eds., Ethnopolitical Warfare: Causes, Consequences and
Possible Solutions (2001).
Davis, Natalie Zemon “The Rites of Violence: Religious Riot in Sixteenth-Century France,” Past
& Present 59 (May 1973), pp. 51-91.
de Figueiredo, Rui J. P. Jr. and Barry R. Weingast, “The Rationality of Fear: Political
Opportunism and Ethnic Conflict,” in Barbara F. Walter and Jack Snyder, eds., Civil
Wars, Insecurity, and Intervention (1999), pp. 261-294.
Eller, Jack From Culture to Ethnicity to Conflict: An Anthropological Perspective on Ethnic
Conflict (1999).
Falola, Toyin Violence in Nigeria: The Crisis of Religious Politics and Secular Ideologies
Fearon, James D. and David D. Laitin. 2003. "Ethnicity, insurgency, and civil war", in American
Political Science Review 97 (1):1-16.
Feldman, Allen Formations of Violence: The Narrative of the Body and Political Terror in
Northern Ireland (1991).
Greenfeld, Liah and Daniel Chirot. 1994. “Nationalism and Aggression.” Theory and Society 23:
Hardin, Russell One for All: The Logic of Group Conflict (1995).
Hechter, Michael “Explaining Nationalist Violence,” Nations and Nationalism, vol. 1, no. 1
(1995), pp. 53-68.
Horowitz, Donald L. The Deadly Ethnic Riot (2001).
Ignatieff, Michael (1994) Blood and belonging (Vintage: London).
Kaldor, Mary New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era (1999).
Kalyvas, Stathis “Wanton and Senseless? The Logic of Massacres in Algeria,” Rationality and
Society, (August 1999), pp. 243-285.
Kalyvas, Stathis N. “The Ontology of ‘Political Violence’: Action and Identity in Civil Wars,”
Perspectives on Politics vol. 1, no. 3 (September 2003), pp. 475-494.
Kaufman, Stuart Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War (2001), 15Lake, David and Donald Rothchild, “Containing Fear: The Origins and Management of Ethnic
Conflict.” International Security 21 (Fall 1996), pp.41-75.
Melson, Robert Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the
Holocaust (1992).
Nationalism, vol. 1 (San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2000), pp. 849-867.
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko Kamikaze, Cherry Blossoms, and Nationalisms: The Militarization of
Aesthetics in Japanese History (2002).
Petersen, Roger D. Understanding Ethnic Violence: Fear, Hatred, and Resentment in TwentiethCentury Eastern Europe.
Snyder, Jack From Voting to Violence: Democratization and Nationalist Conflict (2000).
Tambiah, Stanley J. Leveling Crowds: Ethnonationalist Conflicts and Collective Violence in
South Asia (1996).
Tishkov. Valery 1997. Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union. The Mind
Aflame. London: SAGE Publications.
Van Evera, Stephen, “Hypotheses on Nationalism and War,” International Security, vol.18, no.4,
(Spring 1994):5-39
Varshney, Ashutosh. 2002. Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India. New
Haven: Yale University Press.
Waller, James Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing
Woodward, Susan Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution After the Cold War (1995).
Zulaika, Joseba Basque Violence: Metaphor and Sacrament (1988).
April 30: Resolving ethnic and national conflict
Kaufmann, Chaim. Autumn, 1998. “When All Else Fails: Ethnic Population Transfers and
Partitions in the Twentieth Century,” International Security, 23(2): 120-156.
Chapman, Thomas and Philip Roeder, November 2007. “Partition as a Solution to Wars of
Nationalism: The Importance of Institutions,” American Journal of Political Science,
Horowitz, Donald L. April 2003. “The Cracked Foundations of the Right to Secede,” Journal of
Democracy 14(2):5-17.
Sambanis, Nicholas. July 2000. “Partition as a Solution to Ethnic War: An Empirical Critique of
the Theoretical Literature,” World Politics, 437-483.
Lijphart, Arend. March 1971. “Cultural Diversity and Theories of Political Integration,”
Canadian Journal of Political Science, 4(1):1-14.
O’Leary, Brendan. 2003. “What States Can Do with Nations: An Iron Law of Nationalism and
Federation?,” in T. V. Paul, G. John Ikenberry, and John A. Hall, eds., The Nation-State
in Question. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 51-78.
Elkins, Zachary and John Sides. November 2007. “Can Institutions Build Unity in Multiethnic
States?” American Political Science Review, 101(4):693-708.
Milton Esman. Winter 1973. “The Management of Communal Conflict,” Public Policy, 21.
Additional reading
Lustick, Ian. Apr., 1979. “Stability in Deeply Divided Societies: Consociationalism versus
Control,” World Politics, 31(3): 325-344.
Alexander, Y Self Determination, national, regional and global dimensions
Boismenu, Gerard “Perspectives on Quebec-Canada Relations in the 1990s: Is the Reconciliation
Bookman, Milica The Economics of Secession (1993).
Buchanan, Allen “Theories of Secession,” Philosophy and Public Affairs (Winter 1997), pp. 3161.
Buchanan, Allen Secession: The Morality of Political Divorce from Fort Sumter to Lithuania to
Quebec (1991)..
Buchheit, Lee Secession: The Legitimacy of Self-Determination (1978).
Bunce, Valerie Subversive Institutions: The Design and the Destruction of Socialism and the
State (1999).
Cassese, Antonio Self-Determination of Peoples: A Legal Reappraisal (1995).
Coakley, John. 1994. “Approaches to the Resolution of Ethnic Conflict: The Strategy of Nonterritorial Autonomy.” International Journal of Political Science, 15(3): 297-314.
Cobban, A. National state and national self determination
Collinson, Saray “Public Policies towards Immigrant Minorities in Western Europe,” in
Crawford Young, ed., Ethnic Diversity and Public Policy: A Comparative Inquiry (1998),
pp. 153-191.
Dunlop, John. The Rise of Russia and the Fall of the Soviet Empire (1993).
Evangelista, Matthew. The Chechen Wars: Will Russia Go the Way of the Soviet Union? (2002).
Hannum, Horst Autonomy, Sovereignty, and Self-Determination (1996).
Heraclides, Alexis The Self-Determination of Minorities in International Politics (1991).
Horowitz, Donald L. Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.
Chapter 6.
Johnson, Carter. Spring 2008. “Partitioning to Peace: Sovereignty, Demography, and Ethnic
Civil Wars,” International Security, 32(4): 140-170.
Johnson, H. S. Self determination within the community of nations
Kaufmann, Chaim. Spring 1996. “Possible and Impossible Solutions to Ethnic Civil Wars,”
International Security, 20(4): 136-175.
Kleinman, Aaron S. April, 1980. “The Resolution of Conflicts through Territorial Partition: The
Palestine Experience,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 22(2): 281-300.
Kumar, Radha. January/February 1997. “The Troubled History of Partition, Foreign Affairs
76(1), pp. 22-34
Lapidus, Gail and Victor Zaslavsky, eds., From Union to Commonwealth: Nationalism and
Separatism in the Soviet Republics (1992).
Lehning, Percy B. ed., Theories of Secession (1998).
Lewis, I. M. ed., Nationalism and Self-Determination in the Horn of Africa (1983).
Lijphart, Arendt. 1990. “The Power-Sharing Approach,” in Joseph Montville (ed.) Conflict and
Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, pp. 491-509.
Lijphart, Arend. Conflict and Coexistence in Belgium: the dynamics of a culturally divided
Lijphart, A. “Constitutional Design for Divided Societies”
Lustick, Ian. 1993. Unsettled States, Disputed Lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria,
Israel and West Bank-Gaza, pp. 26-51.
Mason, David T. and Patrick J. Fett. 1996. “How Civil Wars End: A Rational Model Approach,
Journal of Conflict Resolution 40(4), pp. 546-568.
Mayall, James Nationalism and International Society (1990).
Mearsheimer, John J. and Stephen Van Evera. December 18, 1995. "When Peace Means War,"
New Republic, pp. 16-18; 21.
Motyl, Alexander ed., Thinking Theoretically About Soviet Nationalities (1992).
Neuberger, Benyamin National Self-Determination in Postcolonial Africa (1986).
of Ethnicity, Nationality, and Citizenship Possible?” Canadian Review of Studies in
Nationalism, vol. 23, nos. 1-2 (1996), pp. 99-109.
Sid Noel, “Canadian responses to ethnic conflict: consociationalism, federalism and control,” in
McGarry and O’Leary, eds. The politics of ethnic conflict regulation.
Nordlinger, Conflict regulation in divided societies.
Pomerance, M. Self Determination in law and practice
Ra’anan, Uri et al., State and Nation in Multi-Ethnic Societies: The Breakup of Multinational
States (1991).
Rothchild, Donald and Victor Olorunsola, eds., State Versus Ethnic Claims: Africa Policy
Dilemmas (1983).
Simeon, Richard and Daniel-Patrick Conway, “Federalism and the Management of Conflict in
Multinational Societies,” in Alain-G. Gagnon and James Tully, eds., Multinational
Democracies(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 338-365.
Sisk, Timothy Power Sharing and International Mediation in Ethnic Conflict, Washington D.C.,
Smith, David M "Introduction: the Sharing and Dividing of Geographical Space," in Michael
Chisholm and David Smith (eds.) Shared Space, Divided Space: Essays on Conflict and
Territorial Organization, Boston, 1990, pp.1-21
Snyder, Jack. From Voting to Violence: Democratization and Nationalist Conflict
Suny, Ronald Revenge of the Past: Nationalism, Revolution, and the Collapse of the Soviet
Union (1993).
Walter, Barbara. Summer 1997. “The Critical Barrier to Civil War Settlement,” International
Organization 51(3), pp. 335-364.
Yagcioglu, Dimostenis “Nation-States vis-à-vis Ethnocultural Minorities: Oppression and
Assimilation versus Integration and Accommodation.” Available at:
May 7: Nations, nation-states and globalization
Hobsbawm, E.J. 1990. Nations and Nationalism Since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality, 169192.
Gueheno Jean-Marie. 1995. “The end of the nation” in The end of the nation-state, Minneapolis:
University of Minnesota Press.
Habermas, Jurgen. June 1996. “The European nation-state: its achievements and its limits: On
the past and future of sovereignty and citizenship,” Ratio Juris, 9(2):125-37.
Smith, Anthony D. 1990. “The Supersession of Nationalism?” International Journal of
Comparative Sociology 31(1-2):1-31.
Kaldor, Mary. April, 2004. “Nationalism and Globalisation,” Nations & Nationalism, 10(1/2):
Ram, Uri. September, 1999. “The State of the Nation: Contemporary Challenges to Zionism in
Israel,” Constellations, 6(3).
Laitin, David. 2001. “National Identities in the European State.” In Minority Nationalism and the
Changing International Order. Eds. Keating and McGarry. Oxford: Oxford UP, 84-113.
Additional reading
Appadurai, Arjun Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization (1996).
Badie, Bertrand The Imported State: The Westernization of the Political Order (2000).
Barber, Benjamin Jihad vs. McWorld (1995).
Cable, Vincent. Spring 1995. “The Diminished Nation-State: A Study in the Loss of Economic
Power,” Daedalus, pp. 23-53.
Giddens, Anthony Runaway World: How Globalization is Reshaping Our Lives (2000).
Guéhenno, Jean-Marie The End of the Nation-State (1995).
Habermas, 1999. The European Nation-state and the pressures of globalization, New Left Review.
Hardt, Michael and Antonio Negri, Empire (2000).
Held, David “the decline of the nation-state” in Hall and Jacques, eds. New Times: the changing
face of politics.
Horsman. Mathew and Andrew Marshall, After the nation-state: citizens, tribalism, and the new
world disorder
Huntington, Samuel P. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (1996).
Kolinsky, M. "The nation-state in western Europe, erosion from 'above' and 'below'", in
geography matters L. Tivey (ed.) The Nation-State, pp 82-101.
Kymlicka, Will Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Citizenship
(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), chapter 17 (“Citizenship in an Era of
Globalization: Commentary on Held”), pp. 317-326.
Kymlicka, Will. Multicultural Citizenship.
Mann, Michael. “Nation-states in Europe and other continents- diversifying, developing, not
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick Pandaemonium: Ethnicity in International Politics (1993).
Nairn, Tom. Summer 1993. “Internationalism and the second coming,” Daedalus, 122(3).
Ohmae, Kenichi The end of the nation-state: the rise of regional economies
Paul, T. V. G. John Ikenberry, John Hall, eds., The Nation-State in Question (2003).
Shore, Cris. February 2004. “Whither European Citizenship?: Eros and Civilization Revisited,”
European Journal Of Social Theory, 7(1): 27-44.
Strange, Susan The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy (1996).
van Creveld, Martin The Rise and Decline of the State (1999).
Van Houten, Pieter. “Globalization and Demands for Regional Autonomy in Europe.” In
Governance in a Global Economy. Ed. Kahler and Lake. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2003.
Wendt, Alexander. 2003. “Why a world state is inevitable,” European Journal of International
Relations, 9(4): 491-542.
May 11:Papers due!