Kempton & Patten Global History II Mepham High School Nationalism led to the breakup of two multinational empires. The Austrian-Hungary Empire The Ottoman Empire Different ethnic groups wanted self-determination. Area of World: The Austrian Emperor ruled Romania Poland, Italy, and Ukraine & Bohemia Characteristics: Many ethnic groups Created a Dual Monarchy Austrian Monarch/Emperor Austria & other countries Hungary Problems: Difficult ruling different ethnic groups Nationalist minority groups want to be free from the Austrian Empire. They wanted self-rule. Results: The turmoil caused by nationalism weakened Austro- Hungary to the point of utter collapse by the end of the World War I. Ethnic Cleansing, or genocide, was resorted to in the 1990's. Area of the World The Ottoman Empire ruled Serbs, Greeks, Bulgarians, and Romania. The Balkan Peninsula had fighting and tensions Characteristics These groups rebelled against foreign rule because of Nationalism Problems “Sick man of Europe” Internal fighting by ethnic groups for self-determination External fighting as other countries attempted to divide up the empire Results “Powder Keg of Europe” would lead to World War I The question will be your entrance ticket tomorrow!