Name: __________________________ Date: ________ Period: ______ Bacteria and Viruses Quiz Matching: Match the word on the left with the correct description on the right. 1. ______ Bacillus A. Rod-shaped 2. ______ Coccus B. Spiral 3. ______ Spirillum C. Spherical Multiple Choice: Circle the best answer. 4. What kinds of drugs are used to kill bacteria? A. Pesticides B. Antibiotics C. Flu shots 5. What do bacteria do inside your digestive tract? A. They break down molecules that your body can’t break down. B. They destroy harmful food additives. C. They build simple molecules into more complex ones. 6. Through what asexual process can bacteria reproduce? A. Fusion B. Mitosis C. Binary fission 7. What are flagella? A. Whip-like strands that help bacteria move B. Another name for the nuclear material inside a bacterial cell C. A type of bacteria that lives inside a cow’s stomach 8. Bacteria are: A. Prokaryotic B. Eukaryotic 9. Bacteria can exchange genetic material in a process similar to sexual reproduction called: A. Fusion B. Meiosis C. Conjugation 10. The protein coat that surrounds the nucleic acid core of the virus is called a: A. Capsid B. Viroid C. Prion 11. Which cycle causes the host cell to lyse (burst)? A. Lytic cycle B. Lysogenic cycle 12. What is the name of the enzyme in retroviruses that causes DNA to be made from RNA? A. Retroenzyme B. Reverse transcriptase C. Backwardsenzyme 13. What is the name of the viruses that infect bacteria? A. Bacteriophage B. Herpes virus C. Chickenpox 14. What is used to prevent viral diseases? A. Vaccines B. Antibiotics C. Allergy medication 15. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) causes the disease known as: A. AIDS B. Smallpox C. Hepatitis 16. What caused the potato famine in Ireland? A. A viroid B. A prion 17. Mad Cow disease, Kuru, and sheep scrapie are caused by: A. Viroids B. Prions True or False: Circle the best answer. 18. True or False: Viruses are living organisms. 19. True or False: All viruses are made of DNA. 20. True or False: Viruses can only reproduce when inside a host cell.