Informative Content

Informative Content Extraction By Using
Eifce [Effective Informative Content
Internet web pages contain several items that cannot be classified as the
―informative content,‖ e.g., search and filtering panel, navigation links, advertisements,
and so on. Most clients and end-users search for the informative content, and largely do
not seek the non-informative content. As a result, the need of Informative Content
Extraction from web pages becomes evident. Two steps, Web Page Segmentation and
Informative Content Extraction, are needed to be carried out for Web Informative
Content Extraction. DOM-based Segmentation Approaches cannot often provide
satisfactory results. Vision-based Segmentation Approaches also have some drawbacks.
So this paper proposes Effective Visual Block Extractor (EVBE) Algorithm to overcome
the problems of DOM-based Approaches and reduce the drawbacks of previous works in
Web Page Segmentation. And it also proposes Effective Informative Content Extractor
(EIFCE) Algorithm to reduce the drawbacks of previous works in Web Informative
Content Extraction. Web Page Indexing System, Web Page Classification and Clustering
System, Web Information Extraction System can achieve significant savings and
satisfactory results by applying the Proposed Algorithms.
Existing System
The problem of information overload:
Users have difficulty assimilating needed knowledge from the
overwhelming number of documents.
The situation is even worse if the needed knowledge is related to a temporal
The published documents should be considered together to understand
the development of the incident.
Proposed System:
For further Effective Informative Content Extraction, it needs to segment the web
page into semantic blocks correctly. By applying the Proposed EVBE Algorithm, the
blocks such as BL3 and BL4 can be extracted easily. However, VIPS algorithm cannot
segment them as separate blocks when the Permitted Degree of Coherence (PDoC) value
is low. It can segment them as separate blocks only if PDoC value is high. However,
when the PDoC value is high, it segments the page into many small blocks although some
separate blocks should be a single block. It is unreasonable and inconvenient for any
further processing. Although BL3 contains the informative content of the web page, BL4
doesn‘t contain any informative content of the page. Actually the content nature of BL3
and BL4 is different and they should be segmented as separate blocks. However, when
the PDoC value is low, VIPS algorithm assumes BL3 and BL4 as a single block. The
great rules of EVBE Algorithm can reduce the drawbacks of previous works and can help
for getting finer results in Web Page Segmentation. Some solutions proposed DOMbased Approaches to extract the informative content of the web page. Unfortunately
DOM tends to reveal presentation structure other than content structure, and is often not
accurate enough to extract the informative content of the web page. CE needs a learning
phase for Informative Content Extraction from web pages. So it couldn‘t extract the
informative content from random one input web page. FE can identify Informative
Content Block of the web page only if there is a dominant feature. So the Proposed
Approach intends to introduce EIFCE Algorithm which could extract the informative
content that is not necessarily the dominant content and without any learning phase and
with one random page. It simulates the concept of how a user understands the layout
structure of a web page based on its visual representation. Compared with DOM-based
Informative Content Extraction Approaches, it utilizes useful visual cues to obtain a
better extraction of the informative content of the web page at the semantic level. The
efficient rules of the Proposed EVBE Algorithm in Web Page Segmentation Phase can
help for getting finer results in Web Informative Content Extraction.
1. Text Segmentation
2. Text Summarization
3. Web Page Segmentation
4. Informative Content Extraction
Modules Description
1. Text Segmentation
The objective of text segmentation is to partition an input text into nonoverlapping
segments such that each segment is a subject-coherent unit, and any two adjacent units
represent different subjects. Depending on the type of input text, segmentation can be
classified as story boundary detection or document subtopic identification. The input for
story boundary detection is usually a text stream.
2. Text Summarization
Generic text summarization automatically creates a condensed version of one or more
documents that captures the gist of the documents. As a document’s content may contain
many themes, generic summarization methods concentrate on extending the summary’s
diversity to provide wider coverage of the content.
3. Web Page Segmentation
Several methods have been explored to segment a web page into regions or blocks. In the
DOM-based Segmentation Approach, an HTML document is represented as a DOM tree.
Useful tags that may represent a block in a page include P (for paragraph), TABLE (for
table), UL (for list), H1~H6 (for heading), etc. DOM in general provides a useful
structure for a web page. But tags such as TABLE and P are used not only for content
organization, but also for layout presentation. In many cases, DOM tends to reveal
presentation structure other than content structure, and is often not accurate enough to
discriminate different semantic blocks in a web page. The drawback of this method is that
such a kind of layout template cannot be fit into all web pages. Furthermore, the
segmentation is too rough to exhibit semantic coherence. Compared with the above
segmentation, Vision-based Page Segmentation (VIPS) excels in both an appropriate
partition granularity and coherent semantic aggregation. By detecting useful visual cues
based on DOM structure, a tree-like vision-based content structure of a web page is
obtained. The granularity is controlled by the Degree of Coherence (DoC) which
indicates how coherence each block is. VIPS can efficiently keep related content together
while separating semantically different blocks from each other. Visual cues such as font,
color and size, are used to detect blocks. Each block in VIPS is represented as a node in a
tree. The root is the whole page; inner nodes are the top level coarser blocks; children
nodes are obtained by partitioning the parent node into finer blocks; and all leaf nodes
consist of a flat segmentation of a web page with an appropriate coherent degree. The
stopping of the VIPS algorithm is controlled by the Permitted DoC (PDoC), which plays
a role as a threshold to indicate the finest granularity that we are satisfied. The
segmentation only stops when the DoCs of all blocks are not smaller than the PDoC.
4. Informative Content Extraction
Informative Content Extraction is the process of determining the parts of a web page
which contain the main textual content of this document. A human user nearly naturally
performs some kind of Informative Content Extraction when reading a web page by
ignoring the parts with additional non-informative contents, such as navigation,
functional and design elements or commercial banners − at least as long as they are not of
interest. Though it is a relatively intuitive task for a human user, it turns out to be difficult
to determine the main content of a document in an automatic way. Several approaches
deal with the problem under very different circumstances. For example, Informative
Content Extraction is used extensively in applications, rewriting web pages for
presentation on small screen devices or access via screen readers for visually impaired
users. Some applications in the fields of Information Retrieval and Information
Extraction, Web Mining and Text Summarisation use Informative Content Extraction to
pre-process the raw data in order to improve accuracy. It becomes obvious that under the
mentioned circumstances the extraction has to be performed by a general approach rather
than a tailored solution for one particular set of HTML documents with a well-known
System Configuration:H/W System Configuration:Processor
Pentium –III
- 1.1 Ghz
- 256 MB (min)
Hard Disk
- 20 GB
Floppy Drive
- 1.44 MB
Key Board
- Standard Windows Keyboard
- Two or Three Button Mouse
S/W System Configuration:
Operating System
Application Server
: Tomcat5.0/6.X
Front End
: HTML, Java, Jsp
Server side Script
: Mysql
Database Connectivity
: JavaScript.
: Java Server Pages.
Web pages typically contain non-informative content, noises that could negatively
affect the performance of Web Mining tasks. Automatically extracting the informative
content of the page is an interesting problem. By applying the Proposed EVBE and
EIFCE Algorithms, the informative content of the web page can be extracted effectively.
Automatically extracting Informative Content Block from web pages can help for
increasing the performance of Web Mining tasks. The empirical experiment of the
Proposed Approach is planned as the future work.
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