# Principles of Communication

```POKHARA UNIVERSITY
Level: Bachelor
Semester – Fall
Year
: 2007
Programme: BE
Full Marks : 100
Course: Principles of Communication
Time
: 3hrs.
Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far
as practicable.
The figures in the margin indicate full marks.
Attempt all the questions.
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a)
How does a digital communication system work to transmit the
information from source to destination? Explain the various signals
processing operation at the Transmitter and Receiver of the Digital
communication system with block diagram.
b) A Channel bandwidth of 9 KHz and a signal to noise ration (S/N) of
85. Determine the bandwidth needed if the signal to noise ratio is
reduced to 35. What will be the signal power required if the bandwidth
is reduced to 4 KHz.
a) State and prove the sampling theorem for band limited signal.
b) Write down the properties of Fourier Transforms.
a) Explain the block diagram of a PCM system. Differentiate between
DM and PCM.
b) A compact disc (CD) records audio signals digitally by using PCM.
Assume the audio signal bandwidth to be 35 KHz. What is Nyquist
rate? If the Nyquist samples are quantized into 65000 levels and then
binary coded, determine the number of binary digits required to encode
a sample. Also determine the binary pulse rate (bps) of the binary
coded signal and the minimum bandwidth required to transmit this
signal.
modulating percentage is 60%. How much is the carrier power?
b) Draw a neat clean block diagram of Phase Lucked Loop circuit and
explain in brief its working principle.
diagram and working principle.
b) Why AM is most commonly used in broadcasting? Explain Phase shift
method for generation of SSB signal.
a) Explain the working principle of satellite communication system with
the help of block diagram.
b) Briefly explain about the cellular telephone system.
Write short notes on (Any Two):
b) Digital Subscriber line (DSL)
c) Sky Wave Propagation.
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```