# Tutoria 2

```Tutorial 2
(Analog Transmission, Digital Transmission, Multiplexing and Spread spectrum)
1. What is the Nyquist sampling rate for each of the following signals?
a. A low-pass signal with bandwidth of 200 KHz?
b. A band-pass signal with bandwidth of 200 KHz if the lowest frequency is
100 KHz?
2. A digital signaling system is required to operate at 9600 bps. If a signal element
encodes a 4-bit word, what is the minimum required bandwidth of the channel?
3. What is the maximum data rate for a voice-grade line with a bandwidth of 4K Hz and
a S/N ratio of 10000 to 1?
4. We have sampled a low-pass signal with a bandwidth of 200 KHz using 1024 levels
of quantization.
a. Calculate the bit rate of the digitized signal.
b. Calculate the PCM bandwidth of this signal.
5. We have a baseband channel with a I-MHz bandwidth. What is the data rate fo this
channel if we use one of the following line coding schemes?
a. NRZ-L
b. Manchester
6. What is the required bandwidth for the following cases if we need to send 4000 bps?
Let d = 1.
b. FSK with 2deltaf =4 KHz
c. QPSK
d. 16-QAM
7. Assume that a voice channel occupies a bandwidth of 4 kHz. We need to multiplex 10
voice channels with guard bands of 500 Hz using FDM. Calculate the required
bandwidth.