Name____________________________ Date_________________________ Period__________ 9-3 – Feudalism and Manor Life - Pages 242-247 The Big Idea A complex web of duties and obligations governed relationships between people in the Middle Ages. Main Idea 1: Feudalism governed how knights and nobles dealt which each other. • • • Lords • • • • To defend their lands, nobles needed soldiers. The best soldiers were _______________, warriors who fought on _______________. Knights needed _______________, armor, and _______________, so nobles gave _______________ to the knights to support them. A knight who promised to _______________ a lord in exchange for _______________ was called a _______________. A vassal’s main duty was to _______________ for his lord and _______________ his land. Feudalism was a system of _______________ that governed the relationships between _______________ and _______________. Lords sent help to the _______________if they were _______________. They built _______________ to defend themselves against attack. The lords could not _______________ the vassals without good _______________. If a lord failed to do what he was supposed to, the vassal could _______________ all _______________with him. Vassals • Served their lords in times of _______________ • Gave _______________ to their lords on special occasions such as _______________ • Gave their lords _______________ and shelter whenever they came to visit. Main Idea 2: Feudalism spread through much of Europe. • • • Feudalism was created by the _______________, but the system _______________ to other countries. Frankish knights introduced feudalism into northern _______________, Spain, and Germany. Feudalism then spread to _______________ Europe and to _______________. William the Conqueror • A French noble named _______________ was the _______________of Normandy when it decided to conquer England. • The duke invaded _______________ in _______________ and became known as William the Conqueror. • William and his men defeated the _______________, and William declared himself _______________of England. • He gave his knights _______________ in return for their loyalty. • This was the _______________ of feudalism in Britain. Name____________________________ Date_________________________ Period__________ Main Idea 3: The manor system dominated Europe’s economy. • • • Knights were given pieces of _______________, called fiefs, for their military service to the _______________. Since knights did not have time to _______________ their land, the _______________system evolved, or changed over time. There were poor people who needed a way to grow ____________. The _____________ system was a way to take care of _______________ problems. The Manor System • A large estate owned by a knight or lord was called a _______________. • The _______________ included a large house or castle, pastures, _______________, and forests. • Most medieval lords kept _______________to _______________of the land for themselves. • The rest of the land was divided among peasants and _______________, workers who were tied to the land on which they lived. The _______________ farmed the land owned by the lords. • Most _______________ had fewer rights than men. They ran the manor households and supervised _______________. • Eleanor of Aquitaine ruled her own territory, which was _______________during that time. Serfs and Peasants • Although they were not _______________, they could not _______________ the land without permission. • They spent most of their time working for the _______________ in exchange for a small piece of _______________. • Farm labor was hard, and everyone worked, even _______________. • The lords wanted people to _______________ everything they needed to live. Manor Lords • The _______________ controlled everything that happened on their land. • They resolved disputes and collected _______________from the people on their land. • The lords lived more comfortably than the serfs and _______________, but they still had to worry about disease and _______________. Main Idea 4: Towns and trade grew and helped end the feudal system. • During the Middle Ages, most people lived on _______________, and towns were small. After about _______________ AD, things began to change, as some towns turned into big _______________. Growth of Towns and Trade • More people lived in Europe because more _______________ was available. • New technology, such as a heavier _______________ and the horse _______________, meant that farmers could be more productive. • _______________ increased as the population grew and _______________ routes began to develop across Europe. • People began to leave the _______________ and move to the towns in order to make more _______________. • As a result of this population _______________ and growth, the feudal system began to _______________.