Name Date ______ Science Mid-Term Review Sheet HR ______

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Name ____________________________________________________________________________ Date ____________
Science Mid-Term Review Sheet
HR __________
What: Science Mid-Term (35 multiple choice questions and 2 short answer)
When: 1/13 in class
In order to prepare for your mid-term exam you should review the following topics:
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Rocks and minerals
Geology topics (topography, weathering and erosion)
Weather
Astronomy
Mass, volume and density
Read through your notes, study from old tests and quizzes. Make flash cards for vocabulary you are unsure of.
Here are a few sample questions to get you started:
Use the diagram below to respond to the following.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Explain how a sedimentary rock becomes a metamorphic rock. ____________________________________
Explain how any type of rock can become sediment. ____________________________________________
Explain how a metamorphic rock becomes an igneous rock. ______________________________________
Explain how sediments are converted into sedimentary rocks. _____________________________________
5. _____Granite is classified as a rock because it
A. is made of minerals.
B. is hard and rounded.
C. has crystals.
D. has mass.
6. _____Which property of a mineral is most likely being tested when it is scratched with a nail?
C. cleavage
A. color
D. luster
B. hardness
7. _____ What causes the most soil and rock erosion?
A. sun
B. wind
C. water
D. gravity
8. _____ The Grand Canyon is an example of
A. erosion.
B. deposition.
C. an earthquake.
D. volcanic activity.
Base your answers to questions 9 and 10 on the topographic map below, which shows the elevation of land in feet
above sea level. Points A, B, and C are locations on the map.
9. _____ What is a possible elevation of point C?
(1) 75 feet
(2) 85 feet
(3) 95 feet
(4) 105 feet
10. _____ Which side of the area is steepest?
(1) North
(2) South
(3) East
(4) West
11. _____ The fronts shown on a weather map are best described as
(1) boundaries between different air masses
(3) areas experiencing clear skies with light winds
(2) boundaries between different wind belts
(4) areas experiencing extremely warm air temperatures
The map below shows an air mass that formed over the Gulf of Mexico at location A.
12. _____Once air mass A reaches location B, the weather conditions at location B will most likely become
(1) warmer and drier (3) colder and more humid
(2) warmer and more humid (4) colder and drier
13. _____Which temperature and moisture conditions describe an air mass that originates over the Northwest US near
the border of Canada?
(1) warm and dry
(3) cool and dry
(2) warm and humid
(4) cool and humid
Use the map below and your knowledge of science to answer questions 14 and 15. The weather map below shows the
locations of a high-pressure center (H) and a low-pressure center (L), air masses cP and mT, and city A.
14. Explain why city A has clear sky conditions. [1] ___________________________________
15. In what direction is the warm front likely to move? [1] _____________________________
16. _____Which statement best explains why the Sun and the Moon appear to be about the same size in the sky?
1. The Sun and the Moon have the same diameter.
2. The Moon is larger in diameter and is farther from Earth as the Sun.
3. The Moon is smaller in diameter and is closer from Earth as the Sun.
4. The Sun and the Moon are the same distance from the Earth.
The diagram below shows Earth as seen from space. Letters A through D are locations on Earth’s surface.
17. ______ When Earth is in this position, which location would
experience the greatest number of daylight hours?
1. A
2. C
3. B
4. D
18. _____ The Sun appears to move across the sky during the day. The best explanation for this apparent motion is that
Earth is
(1) rotating on its axis
(3) much smaller than the Sun
(2) revolving around the Sun
(4) tilted on its axis
The diagram below shows four Moon phases observed during July.
19. ______On which date would the next New Moon occur?
1. August 5
2. August 10
3. August 19
4. August 29
20. ______ A student drew the pictures below to show how the Moon looked from Earth over a two-week period. The
differences shown in the student’s drawings are mostly due to the changing
1 distance between Earth and the Moon
2 speed of the Moon in its orbit
3 position of the Moon in its orbit
4 position of the observer on Earth
The diagram below shows Earth, as viewed from space, as it moves around the Sun.
21. ______Approximately how long does it take Earth to move from position A to position B?
(1) 1 year
(3) 1 day
(2) 6 months
(4) 12 hours
22. Which block is the most dense? _____
23. Which liquid is the least dense? _____
1
2
Use the formula
D=M
1 V
to complete the table
3
Mass
Volume
10.7 g
15.3 mL
Density
4
23.2 mL
24.2 g
19.8 g/mL
1.0 g/mL
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