1. The causes of premature birth include:
A) to Rh
B) hypertensive disorders
ะก) multiple pregnancy
D) gestational pyelonephritis
E) all of the above *
2. The most common cause of mortality in preterm infants:
A) respiratory distress syndrome *
B) hemorrhagic disease of the newborn
C) defects
D) neonatal jaundice
E) infection
3. Accompanied by the threat of premature birth
A) increased uterine tone
B) increased excitability of the uterus
C) impairment of fetoplacental
D) increased motor activity of the fetus
E) all of the above *
4. Beginners sign of premature birth is not:
A) gain reduction of the myometrium
B) dragging pain in the abdomen and lumbar region
C) shortening of the cervix
D) the cervix at 3 - 4 cm *
E) increased frequency of fetal heart
5. Signs of premature birth is:
A) gain reduction of the myometrium
B) dragging pain in the abdomen and lumbar region
C) shortening of the cervix
D) the presence of regular contractions and cervical dilatation of 4 cm or more *
E) increased frequency of fetal heart
6.Perenoshennaya pregnancy characterized
A) the presence of pathological changes in the placenta
B) impairment of placenta
C) delayed maturation of the placenta
D) decrease in the amount of amniotic fluid
E) all of the above *
7. With the expected birth of the fetus takes place
A) greater "maturity" of the brain
B) the destruction of the lung surfactant system
C) hypoxia
Mr. secondary malnutrition
D) all of the above *
8. Hormonal function of the placenta at term pregnancy
A) reduced *
B) increased
C) does not change
D) varies individually
D) All answers are correct
9. Risk factors doesn’t for preterm birth :
A) premature maturation of the placenta
B) progressive placental insufficiency
C) dissociated maturation of the placenta
D) delayed maturation of the placenta *
E) fetal abnormalities
10. The main signs of "ripeness" of the fruit are
A) dry skin
B) lack of lubrication syrovidnoy
C) narrow seams and fontanelles
D) thick skull
E) All answers are correct *
Test 2 levels of difficulty:
1. What 2 symptoms appear when threatened abortion?
A) pain in the lower abdomen and lower back *
B) the severity of the abdomen *
C) bleeding from the genital tract
D) cramping abdominal pain
2.How 4 diagnostic tests will help you diagnose the risk of abortion in the early
A) the basal body temperature *
B) determination of pregnanediol and estriol in daily urine *
C) determination of placental lactogen *
D) ultrasound data *
E) inspection in the mirror
F) simtom stretching mucus
G) determination of gonadotropin levels
H) determination of 17-KS in urine
3.What two directions in the treatment of threatened abortion do you know?
A) A hormone therapy *
B) the appointment of antispasmodics or tocolytics *
C) of vitamin
D) restorative treatment
4.Which drugs are used to maintain pregnancy?
A) Progesterone *
B) * tocolytics
C) antispasmodics *
D) antibiotics
E) prezdnizalon
F) gidrokartizon
5. Conditions for use tocolytics are
A) live fetus *
B) a bag of waters *
C) the opening of the cervix is not more than 3-4 cm *
D) lack of regular labor
E) premature rupture of membranes
F) increased frequency of fetal heart
6. The main symptoms of post-term pregnancy
A) an increase in abdominal circumference
B) reducing the height of uterus *
C) a large segment of the presenting part is at the entrance to the pelvis
D) "maturity" of the cervix in terms of full-term pregnancy
F) decrease in abdominal circumference *
E) lack of "maturity" of the cervix in terms of 40-41 weeks *
7. On examination of post-term newborn is usually detected following
A) umbilical ring is located in the middle of the white line of the abdomen
B) The testicles are not descended into the scrotum
C) the clitoris and labia minora are not covered by large
D) small striations stop
F) dry skin *
G) lack of lubrication syrovidnoy *
H) the narrow seams and fontanelles *
I) dense skull *
8. Features of a birthing postmaturity pregnancy
A) amniotomy and labor induction *
B) Early diagnosis disparities fetal head and pelvis mother *
C) prostaglandin *
D) for breech presentation - cephalic
F) use of corticosteroids
G) The use tocolytics
9.Use the reasonable indications for cesarean section
at term pregnancy
A) threatening the status of the fetus
B) The disproportion of the fetal head and the mother's pelvis *
C) breech presentation *
D) small for gestational
F) premature rupture of membranes
10. Describe the main causes of chronic fetal hypoxia in postmaturity:
A) fetoplacental insufficiency *
B) The sensitivity of the fetus to hypoxia *
C) placentaprevia
D) breech presentation
F) polyhydramnios