MLA Formatting Guide – EWHS English Department Font: Times New Roman Font Size: 12 pt Spacing: Double-space, (2.0), including the heading on the left. * Please note: with the newer version of Word, you need to actually go in and adjust the spacing settings to have actual double-spacing. Instructions: o Under the Spacing menu, go to “Line Spacing Options.” o Ensure that the following are true: Under “Spacing,” both “Before” and “After” should be “0pt.” “Line Spacing” should be “Double” “At” space (next to “Line Spacing”) should be blank. Only ONE space (press “Return” or “Enter” only once,) between Heading and Title, between Title and first paragraph, and between paragraphs Indent once at beginning of each new paragraph Page margins should be 1” wide (adjust this in “Page Layout”) Heading: Left alignment Include (in this order, each on its own line): Name, Teacher Name, Course Title followed by class period (English 10H, p6) Date Due Page Numbers: Right alignment with last name and page number—example: Branom2 Instructions: o Under the “Insert” tab select “Page Number” then “Top of Page” and “Plain Number 3” o Once the Header opens, the cursor will be in front of the page number o Type your last name o Then “Close Header and Footer” o The page numbers will update per page with your last name automatically Paper Title: FOR BRANOM, I DON’T WANT A TITLE. Centered No bolded, underlined, or italicized titles (unless the title of a work is in your title, see “Titles,” below) You should press “Return” or “Enter” only once after your Header and once to begin your first paragraph Titles: Novels, novellas, plays, album titles, periodicals (magazines, newspapers,) and movies – italics Short stories, poems, songs, articles, short plays, short movies – “in quotation marks” Book titles are underlined In-text Citations: Print Sources o The author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. o Author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of the sentence. o Examples: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (263). Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263). o After the first in-text citation, consecutive subsequent citations by the same author do not need to include the last name within the parenthetical quotation but rather just a page number. If multiple sources are being used, author last name should be included in the parenthetical citation each time the discussed source switches See Appendix A for example Lines from Poetry and Lyrics o In-text citations appear in much the same manner as other print sources, with the author’s last name but instead of page number(s) in parentheses, cite the line number(s) following the quotation o To maintain or demonstrate line breaks when quoting poems or lyrics of less than four lines, put a slash (/) between the lines to mark the line break: Example: In “The Poem,” when William Carlos Williams writes, “It's all in / the sound” (1-2), he is arguing for the lyrical quality of words. o In poetic or musical quotes four lines or longer, block quote by indenting ten spaces from the left on each side of your document. Then reproduce the poem as accurately as possible. Block Quotes o Long quotes (four or more lines) must be set off in “block quotes” to separate them from the rest of your text. It should be noted that there is rarely a need for quotes longer than four lines, even at the collegiate level. Special care should be taken to ensure that all quoted text is absolutely essential to the support and proof of a thesis statement. o See Appendix B for example. Internet Sources o Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name). o Do not give paragraph numbers or page numbers o Do not include URLs in-text unless the reader cannot access the correct site without the entire URL; provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com, or Forbes.com, as opposed to writing out http://www.cnn.com or http://www.forbes.com. o Example: In the medical field women are “poised to outnumber their male colleagues by 2017” (Lemay). The above in-text citation would correspond to the full citation below, which should then appear on the Works Cited page: o Lemay, Megan S. “Thanks for the Compliment, But I'm Not a Nurse.” The XX Factor. Slate Magazine, 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. Works Cited Page: Should appear at the end of each written paper Should be a separate page at the end of your paper with the same one-inch margins and Last Name / Page number header Title page “Works Cited Page” (center alignment) Continue to double-space Do not add an extra space between citations if you are citing more than one work; instead, indent the second and subsequent lines of any citation Include MLA citations of works used. These are different for each type of work, but some excellent resources are: o Purdue Online Writing Lab (see options menu on left for different types of texts) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/06/ o Easybib.com See Appendix C for example Works Cited page Appendix A: Author Last Name in Parenthetical Citations Though the poems by both authors strongly reflect sentiments from the Harlem Renaissance, the speaker’s tone within “Mother to Son” is marked by pessimism and melancholia – she speaks of solitude and places where there “ain’t been no light” (Hughes 13). The speaker’s life is riddled with difficulties – “splinters,” “tacks,” and the ceaseless need to fight through a life that has clearly left its speaker hardened and disillusioned (4, 3). In contrast, the triumphant “Still I Rise” repeats over and over again that despite being “trod[den]” in the “dirt” and “kill[ed]” with “hatefulness,” its speaker will overcome and succeed (Angelou 3, 23). While the poems seem to suggest that the Harlem Renaissance did not provide hope and light to all, perhaps instead to only a select few, by examining each poem more closely one notes that they both reach a center that is strikingly similar, just approached from opposite ends of the spectrum. Initially defeated as she sound, a closer reading reveals that in reality hope remains for the jaded mother in the former poem, who encourages her son to not “turn back” because she, after all this time, is “still climbin’” (Hughes 14, 19). Appendix B: Blocked Quotes As he grew older and more widely read, Dreiser developed ideas about Mechanism, Realism, and Naturalism. He then had to struggle with oppositions between his former ideals and hi current beliefs. Dreiser did this by taking the Romantic themes and ideals he grew up with and carving a place in the city for them: The city was forming Dreiser, acting as a catalyst and bringing out elements dormant in his personality – just as it did with so many of Dreiser’s characters. He came to the city in pursuit of his destiny – a self that was waiting to be born. Dreiser was a modern day romantic, a wanderer in search of the experience or situation by which he could best realize his nature, his very essence (Lehan 29). Sister Carrie, Dreiser’s first successful novel, is a novel that personifies the struggle between the Romantic and the Naturalist, as Dreiser utilizes Romantic imagery and language even as he creates his characters from a Naturalist’s view of existence. Two conflicting ideologies warred within the young Dreiser. The pull of pastoralism, with its inherent hope and idealism… Appendix C: Works Cited Page Works Cited Lemay, Megan S. “Thanks for the Compliment, But I'm Not a Nurse.” The XX Factor. Slate Magazine, 20 Sept. 2013. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. “MLA Style.” The Purdue OWL: MLA Style. Purdue University, 1995. Web. 20 Sept. 2013. Hughes, Langston. “Mother to Son” The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Nellie Y. McKay, William L. Andrews, and Houston A. Baker, Jr. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2004. 100-01. Print. Angelou, Maya. “Still I Rise” The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. Ed. Henry Louis Gates, Nellie Y. McKay, William L. Andrews, and Houston A. Baker, Jr. New York: W.W. Norton &, 2004. 743-744. Print.