Rock Cycle Study Guide

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Rock Cycle Study Guide
1
.
.
.
Rock Type
Examples
How is it Formed?
Where is it Formed?
Characteristics
Igneous
-Compacting
-Cementing
-ribbonlike layers
Word Bank
sedimentary
slate
gneiss
crystals
rhyolite
limestone
cooling
heat
pressure
glassy surface
metamorphic
granite
fossils
gas bubbles
sandstone
bottom of lake beds
deep below earth’s surface
quartzite
on or just below earth’s surface
sand or pebbles
obsidian
basalt
marble
conglomerate
2. Explain the difference between extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks (in both formation and appearance):
Extrusive:
Intrusive:
3. Rock melts between
&
degrees Celsius.
4. Define magma:
5. The tall spires of rock in the Bill Nye “Erosion” video are known as what?
6. These spires (from #5) are made from what rock type?
7. List 3 causes of mechanical weathering:
Rock Cycle Study Guide
8. List 3 causes of chemical weathering:
9. In what ways are chemical and mechanical weathering similar?
10. Label all missing processes/terms from the image below:
D
B
A
E
C
ABCDE-
Word Bank
Sediment
Magma
Heat & pressure
Melting
Weathering & erosion
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