Ch 6 & 7 Study Guide

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Chapter 6 & 7 Test Study Guide
1. Identify each element as a metal, nonmetal, or metalloid.
a. Iron
b. Germanium
c. Silicon
d. Chlorine
e. Magnesium
f. Nitrogen
2. Identify each element as a solid, liquid, or gas
a. Bromine
b. Magnesium
c. Nitrogen
d. Krypton
e. Copper
3. What are the properties of metals and nonmetals?
4. Who organized the elements into a periodic table in order of
increasing atomic mass?
5. What are the specific names of the following groups?
a. Group 1A
b. Group 2A
c. Group 7A
d. Group 8A
6. Name an element that would have properties similar to Potassium
(K).
7. What is an ion? Cation? Anion?
8. What is an ionic bond?
9. Classify each of the following as a cation or an anion.
a. Na+
b. Ic. Ca2+
d. O2-
10. How many valence electrons are in the following atoms?
e. Calcium
f. Sulfur
g. Silicon
h. Chlorine
11. How many electrons are in the highest occupied energy level of atoms
in Group 3A elements?
12. Draw the Lewis Dot Structures for the following atoms:
a. Calcium
b. Sulfur
c. Silicon
d. Chlorine
12. What is the octet rule?
13. What is the charge of the ions formed by elements in the following
groups to achieve a noble-gas electron configuration?
a. Group 1
b. Group 2
c. Group 6
d. Group 7
14. How many electrons does oxygen gain to achieve a noble-gas electron
configuration?
15. What is the formula of the ion formed when nitrogen achieves a noblegas electron configuration?
16. Write the formula of the ionic compounds formed when the following
elements combine.
a. Sodium and Bromine
b. Sodium and Sulfur
c. Calcium and Iodine
d. Aluminum and oxygen
e. Barium and Chlorine
14. Ionic compounds are normally in which physical state at room
temperature?
15. Why are metals electrical conductors?
16. What is an alloy? Why are they important?
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