Name: Period: ______ Date: Page #: __15__ Protein Synthesis

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Name: _______________________________________________ Period: ____________ Date: ____________________ Page #: __15__
Protein Synthesis Flashcards
1. There are 10 errors in the flashcards below. Find and correct each of the 10 errors.
2. Transcribe (rewrite ) the information below onto index cards and use them to review for your
next unit exam (reviewing will translate into success). There are 15 flashcards to make.
DNA
RNA
mRNA
 Stands for deoxyribonucleic acid
 Sugar = ribose
 Bases = A, T, C, G
 Two strands
 Double helix
 Stands for ribonucleic acid
 Sugar = ribose
 Bases = A, U, C
 One strand
 Single helix
Messenger RNA – carries information from the cell
membrane to ribosomes in the cytoplasm
tRNA
Transfer RNA – carries the correct amino acid to the
ribosome for protein synthesis (contains the anticodon
to match the codon on the mRNA)
Protein
A molecule composed of a chain of nucleotides that
serve important roles in the cell including a structural
role, enzyme, transporter, antibody, and more.
DNA  mRNA (occurs in the nucleus)
Transcription
Translation
mRNA  jRNA protein (occurs on the ribosome in the
cytoplasm)
Base Pairing Rules
(DNA)
Base Pairing Rules
(when transcribing
RNA)
Replication
A pairs with C
C pairs with G
Central Dogma of
Biology
Nucleotide
RNA  RNA  Protein
Amino Acid
The building block of protein that is coded for by an
mRNA anticodon. There are 20 amino acids involved in
protein synthesis.
Term used to describe DNA replication. Means that
each new molecule of DNA is half old and half old DNA.
A special group of chemicals involved in the passing of
inherited information. Controls all the activity in the
cell.
Semi-conservative
Nucleic Acid
A pairs with U
T pairs with A
C pairs with G
G pairs with C
1 DNA strand  2 RNA strands (creates an exact copy
of DNA for when a cell divides)
Sugar, Phosphate, Base
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