BIOTECHNOLOGY – ON LINE TRANSCRIPTION Go to the site… http://www.biotechnologyonline.gov.au/popups/int_transcription.html SLIDE ONE 1. The entire human body is made up of ___________________________. 2. What are two roles (jobs) that proteins can have? 3. DNA contains the genetic ______________________________ that controls the production of these proteins. SLIDE TWO 4. List the 3 important steps needed to produce proteins SLIDE THREE 5. Where does Transcription occur? (what part of the cell) SLIDE FOUR 6. DNA is stored as a __________________ __________________ (Shape). SLIDE FIVE 7. Define Transcription 8. Where is keratin found in your body? SLIDE SIX 9. Describe what the enzyme (RNA polymerase) does with the DNA. SLIDE SEVEN 10. Name one specific way that RNA is different than DNA (Which specific difference does slide seven talk about?) SLIDE EIGHT 11. When pairing DNA bases with RNA bases you must follow the base pairing rules. List the complementary RNA bases for the DNA strand… DNA T C C A C A G C G A T A A RNA SLIDE NINE 12. What type of RNA did you make? SLIDE TEN 13. What does mRNA do? BIOTECHNOLOGY – ON LINE TRANSLATION Go to the site… http://www.biotechnologyonline.gov.au/popups/int_translation.html SLIDE ONE 1. Translation is the process of converting the nucleotide sequence of an __________ ____________________ into a ____________________ that is understood by protein-making machinery. SLIDE TWO 2. After transcription the mRNA comes in contact with ____________________ SLIDE THREE 3. How many parts make up a ribosome? (Name them) SLIDE FOUR 4. Amino Acids come together to make ________________. SLIDE FIVE 5. How many Amino Acids are there? SLIDE SIX 6. mRNA molecules are read in sets of ______________ nucleotides. 7. The groups of three are called __________________. SLIDE SEVEN 8. There are ____________ possible ways to arrange the 4 nucleotides of DNA and RNA into groups of three. SLIDE EIGHT 9. The possible codons can be found/identified on a chart called a ____________ ______________. 10. In order to use this chart you must follow these rules… - First base is found on the _________ side Second base is found by looking along the ___________ Third base is found on the ___________ side of the chart SLIDE NINE 11. AUG is a codon that identifies ______________ Amino Acid. 12. UGU is a codon that identifies ______________ Amino Acid. 13. GAU is a codon that identifies ______________ Amino Acid. 14. AAA is a codon that identifies ______________ Amino Acid. SLIDE TEN 15. What is the next process after translation?