Organic Compounds (Macromolecules) Name the monomers of

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1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Organic Compounds (Macromolecules) a.

Name the monomers of Carbs, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids

The energy of exothermic reactions is____________________, while the energy of endothermic reactions is ___________. Therefore reactions that have equal and opposite reactions

_________and __________ energy.

Ecology a.

b.

Name and describe the levels of organization from species(organism) to biosphere

Photosynthetic vs chemosynthetic organisms p.

q.

r.

s.

c.

d.

e.

f.

g.

h.

i.

j.

k.

What is biomass?

Abiotic vs biotic w/ examples

Habitat vs Niche

Producer/autotroph

Consumer/heterotroph

In a food chain which is the 1 st

/2 nd

/3 rd

level producer/ consumer

Difference between herbivore/carnivore/omnivore

Pyramids-Energy/Biomass/Numbers and 90-10 rule

Carbon cycle l.

m.

Nitrogen cycle

Water cycle n.

o.

CO

2

-O

Symbiosis i.

ii.

2

cycle

Mutualism

Parasitism iii.

Commensalism

Predation

Competition

Succession - Primary vs. Secondary

Population i.

Factors that increase ii.

iii.

iv.

Factors that decrease

Logistic growth

Exponential growth v.

Carrying capacity

Biodiversity – Threats to biodiversity

Cells a.

b.

c.

Eukaryotes vs Prokaryotes

Organelles and the structure and function

Levels of Cellular Organization (Cell--> Organism) d.

Cell theory Schleiden/Schwann

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration a.

b.

Reactants and Products of each rxn

Chlorophyll absorbs _____________ wavelengths of light and reflects c.

_______________ wavelengths.

Light dependent reactions take place in the _________________________

7.

8.

9.

h.

i.

CELLS a.

d.

e.

f.

g.

Light independent (Calvin cycle) takes place in the ___________________

Muscle soreness is caused by _____________________ fermentation.

Alcoholic beverages are produced by ___________________ fermentation.

What’s required for the conversion of pyruvic acid during fermentation?

What organisms carry out aerobic cellular respiration?

How does your body get more oxygen during exercise? b.

c.

d.

e.

Explain the cell surface area to volume ratio concept

Reasons why cells need to divide

Cell cycle – phases and descriptions G1,S,G2, M cytokinesis

Mitosis – phases and descriptions PMAT

What causes normal cells to stop growing?

What role do cyclins have in the cell cycle?

Mendel – Father of ?? f.

g.

h.

i.

j.

True breeding is? AKA

Hybrid is? AKA

Dominant/Recessive k.

l.

Genotype/Phenotype

Gene/Allele m.

Allel combinations for TtSs

DNA/RNA a.

b.

DNA vs RNA

Replication c.

d.

e.

f.

Transcription

Translation

Gene mutation types

Chromosome mutation types g.

h.

What does Gene regulation involve?

What do HOX genes control?

Genetic Engineering a.

Artificial (selective) Breeding b.

Hybridization c.

d.

e.

f.

g.

h.

Polyploidy

Restriction enzymes

Polymerase chain reaction

Genetic markers in plasmids

Transgenic plants

Clone

10.

Heredity a.

Karyotype normal vs abnormal b.

c.

Autosomal recessive Ex. PKU

ABO Blood group alleles IA, ii, etc. d.

e.

DNA fingerprinting

Human Genome Project

11.

Evolution a.

Darwin b.

c.

Galapagos tortoises

Darwin’s Theory of Evolution d.

e.

f.

g.

Malthus

Origin of Species

Natural selection

Evidence of Evolution i.

Fossils

1.

Relative dating ii.

2.

Absolute (Radiometric) dating

Living Organisms

1.

2.

Common ancestor

Homologous structues

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Vestigial structures

Embryology

Biochemistry (DNA/proteins)

Behavioral

Geographic h.

i.

j.

k.

l.

m.

iii.

iv.

Analogous structures-convergent evolution

Adaptive radiation-divergent evolution v.

Coevolution

Directiona, stabilizing and disruptive l selection

Genetic drift

Genetic equilibrium

Speciation

Isolation types, behavioral, geographic, temporal

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