Cellular Transport Every living cell exists in a liquid environment that it needs to survive. The plasma membrane is selectively permeablemeaning only certain chemicals are allowed in and out of cells. Diffusion-particels tend to move from an area of high concentration to an area less concentrated In cells, substances can diffuse across membranes WITHOUT requiring the use of energy---PASSIVE TRANSPORT Osmosis- diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane—enables cell membrane to regulate cell’s internal environment---HOMEOSTASIS!! *Osmosis affects cells depending on the type of solution they are placed in: ISOTINIC, HYPERTONIC OR HYPOTONIC Facilitated Diffusion- molecules, that CANNOT diffuse on their own, moves though protein channels in a membrane Active Transport- transport protein (carrier) requires ENERGY to help moved particles across the membrane against a force (concentration gradient) Exocytosis Large particles are secreted or expelled from the cell. vs Endocytosis Large particles are engulfed and enclosed by the cell membrane. Then it can move into the cell.