Be sure to test yourself with questions from the end of the chapter

CH 12 Food, Soil, and Pest Management
1. What is the root cause of food insecurity?
2. What are the 3 major macronutrients found in a nutritious diet?
3. What are the 3 micronutrients most often lacking in diets in developing countries?
4. What are the health consequences with a lack of each of the micronutrients listed above?
5. How did Potrykus and Beyer tackle the problem of insufficient Vitamin A in the diet of the
world’s poor?
6. Which three grains provide 47% of the world’s food calories?
7. What is traditional agriculture?
8. What % of the world’s food crop is produced by traditional agriculture?
9. What is the goal of traditional subsistence agriculture?
10. What is industrialized agriculture?
11. What % of the world’s food is produced by industrialized agriculture?
12. What is the goal of industrialized agriculture?
13. For every one unit of energy put on the table by industrialized agriculture, how many units of
nonrenewable fossil fuel energy are required to produce it?
14. How does industrialized agriculture contribute to an increase in greenhouse gases?
15. What was the first green revolution based on?
16. What was the second green revolution based on?
17. What was the first gene revolution based on?
18. What was the second gene revolution based on?
19. What are some advantages of genetic engineering/genetically modified foods (GMO’s)?
20. What are some disadvantages of GMO’s?
21. What are some of the ways in which industrialized agriculture degrades soil?
22. What are some ways to reduce soil erosion?
23. What are some ways to restore soil fertility?
24. What is the best way to minimize water loss when irrigating crops?
25. What are the two major methods of meat production?
26. What are some environmental costs associated with modern meat production?
27. How does meat production increase greenhouse gases?
28. What is aquaculture?
29. What are the 4 common types of pesticides?
30. What are 1st generation pesticides?
31. What are 2nd generation pesticides?
32. What are broad-spectrum agents?
33. What are selective (narrow-spectrum) agents?
34. What is FIFRA?
35. What are some advantages of modern synthetic pesticides?
36. What are some disadvantages of modern synthetic pesticides?
37. What are some alternatives to using pesticides?
38. What is Integrated Pest Management?
39. What is the overall goal of IPM?
40. What was Rachel Carson’s contribution to the topic of pesticides?
41. What is the goal of organic agriculture?
42. What are some benefits of organic farming?
43. What are the 4 horizons of mature soil and the components of each?
Also included:
Video-King Corn
Lab-Soil Permeability
Activity-Soil Texture (pyramid and “feel” method)
Lab-Soil Nutrients