Agriculture Vocabulary Agribusiness Commercial agriculture

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Agriculture Vocabulary
Agribusiness
Agriculture
Cereal Grain
Chaff
Combine
Commercial agriculture
Crop
Crop rotation
Desertification
Double cropping
Grain
Green revolution
Commercial agriculture
characterized by integration
of different steps in the foodprocessing industry, usually
through ownership by large
corporations.
The practice of cultivating
the land or raising stock.
A grass yielding grain for
food.
Material consisting of seed
coverings and small pieces
of stem or leaves that have
been separated from the
seeds.
Harvester that heads and
threshes and cleans grain
while moving across the
field.
Agriculture undertaken
primarily to generate
products for sale off the
farm.
Any plant cultivated by
people.
The system of growing a
different crop in a field each
year to preserve the fertility
of the land.
Degradation of land,
especially in semiarid areas,
primarily because of human
actions like excessive crop
planting, animal grazing, and
tree cutting.
Harvesting twice a year from
the same field.
Seed of a cereal grass.
Term used to describe the
transformation of
agriculture in many
developing nations that led
to significant increases in
Horticulture
Hull
Intensive subsistence
agriculture
Milkshed
Paddy
Pastoral nomadism
Pasture
Plantation
Prime agricultural land
Ranching
Reaper
Ridge tillage
agricultural production
between the 1940s and
1960s.
Cultivation of crops carried
out with simple hand tools
such as digging sticks or
hoes.
Husk; dry outer covering of a
seed; frame or body of a
ship.
A form of subsistence
agriculture in which farmers
must expend a relatively
large amount of effort to
produce the maximum
feasible yield from a parcel
of land.
The area surrounding a city
from which milk is supplied.
Rice in the husk either
gathered or still in the field.
A traditional subsistence
agricultural system in which
practitioners depend on the
seasonal movements of
livestock within marginal
natural environments.
A field covered with grass or
herbage and suitable for
grazing by livestock.
An estate where cash crops
are grown on a large scale
(especially in tropical areas).
The most productive
farmland.
Farming for the raising of
livestock (particularly
cattle).
Farm machine that gathers a
food crop from the fields.
System of planting crops on
ridge tops, in order to
reduce farm production
costs and promote greater
soil conservation.
Sawah
Seed agriculture
Shifting cultivation
Slash-and-burn agriculture
Spring wheat
Subsistence agriculture
Sustainable agriculture
Swidden
Thresh
Transhumance
A flooded field for growing
rice
Reproduction of plants
through annual introduction
of seeds, which result from
sexual fertilization.
Cultivation of crops in
tropical forest clearings in
which the forest vegetation
has been removed by cutting
and burning. These clearings
are usually abandoned after
a few years in favor of newly
cleared forestland. Also
known as slash-and-burn
agriculture.
Another name for shifting
cultivation, so named
because fields are cleared by
slashing the vegetation and
burning the debris.
Wheat planted in the spring
and harvested in the late
summer.
Agriculture designed
primarily to provide food for
direct consumption by the
farmer and the farmer's
family.
Farming methods that
preserve long-term
productivity of land and
minimize pollution, typically
by rotating soil- restoring
crops with cash crops and
reducing in-puts of fertilizer
and pesticides.
A patch of land cleared for
planting through slashing
and burning.
To separate the grain from
the stalk and the hull.
The seasonal migration of
livestock between
mountains and lowland
Truck farming
Vegetative planting
Wet rice
Winnow
Winter wheat
pastures.
Commercial gardening and
fruit farming, so named
because truck was a Middle
English word meaning
battering or the exchange of
commodities.
Reproduction of plants by
direct cloning from existing
plants, such as cutting stems
and dividing roots.
Rice planted on dryland in a
nursery, then moved to a
deliberately flooded field to
promote growth.
Treat by exposure to a
current of air so that waste
matter is eliminated.
Wheat planted in the fall and
harvested in the summer.
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