Agriculture Unit Vocabulary 1. Agribusiness

Agriculture Unit Vocabulary
1. Agribusiness
2. Agricultural Revolution
3. Aquaculture
4. Cereal grain
5. Commercial Agriculture
6. Desertification
7. Double cropping
8. Green Revolution
9. Intensive subsistence
10. Milkshed
11. Pastoral Nomadism
12. Shifting cultivation
13. Subsistence
14. Sustainable
15. Swidden
16.Truck farming
17. Genetically Modified
Organisms (GMO)
18. Livestock Ranching
19. Mediterranean
20. Organic Farming
21. Pastoralism
22. Monoculture
23. Plantation agriculture
Commercial agriculture characterized by the integration of different steps in
the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large
The time when human beings first domesticated plants and animals and no
longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
The cultivation of seafood under controlled conditions
A grass that yields grain for food
Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm
Degradation of land, especially in semiarid areas, primarily because of
human actions such as excessive crop planting, animal grazing, and tree
Harvesting twice a year from the same field
Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield
seeds and fertilizer
A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively
large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel
of land
The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied
A form of subsistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals
A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one
field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and
left fallow for a relatively long period
Agriculture designed primarily to proved food for direct consumption by
the farmer the farmer’s family
Farming methods that preserve long-term productivity of land and
minimize pollution, typically by rotating soil-restoring crops with cash
crops and reducing inputs of fertilizer and pesticides.
A patch of land cleared for planting through slashing and burning
Commercial gardening and fruit farming
Organisms whose genetic material has been modified for increased
agricultural output
The raising of livestock over an expanse of land for food products from the
domesticated animals
A form of specialized agriculture in which crops grown in a Mediterranean
climate of warm year-round temperatures and sunny summers
The process of producing food naturally without the use of synthetic
fertilizers, pesticides, and other inputs
A form of subsistence agriculture in which animals are herded in a seasonal
migratory pattern
The production of a single crop for commercial markets
Monocropping, or planting a single crop for profit, is a specialized form of
agriculture and is usually located near the former colonial markets
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