Topic: Chapter 17 – Growth and Development Questions/Main Ideas Name: Date: Notes Chapter 17, Lesson 1 17.1 Building Blocks of Life The ______________is the basic unit of life. Cells that do _______________ jobs come together to form _______________ Tissues combine to form ________________ Organs come together to form _____________ ________________ 17.2 What is the difference between environmental and heredity factors when it comes to birth defects of children? Uterus – ____________________ organ inside the female’s body where the _________ is protected and nourished Embryo – is the developing organism from fertilization to about the ________________ of its development Fetus – the developing organism from the end of the eighth week until ____________ Placenta – is a thick, rich tissue that lines the walls of the uterus during pregnancy and that _____________________ the fetus Umbilical Cord – the tube that _________________ the mother’s placenta to the fetus Chapter 17, Lesson 2 Heredity – the passing of ___________ from parents to their children (eye color, hair color, body shape, talents and abilities, certain diseases and other health problems) Chromosomes – threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes (23 from mom and dad = 46 total) What are some examples of hereditary traits? Genes – the basic units of ___________________ (carry codes for eye color and height) Genetic Disorder – disorder caused partly or completely by a _______________ in genes (Trisomy 21 – Down Syndrome) How many chromosomes do a sperm and an egg have? Environment – the sum total of a person’s ___________________ Prenatal Care – steps taken to _______________ for the health of a pregnant female and her baby What are 2 genetic disorders? Birth Defects – _______________________________ present at birth that cause physical or mental disabilities or death Chapter 17, Lesson 3 What is an Obstetrician? Developmental Tasks – _____________ that need to happen in order for you to grow toward a healthy, mature adult Infancy – _________ year of life Name 3 examples of prenatal care that a pregnant mother should do or not do when she is pregnant? Toddlers – children between the ages of _______ and ___________ who are learning to walk and _______________ Preschoolers – children between the ages of __________ and _____________ Puberty – the time when you start to developing ___________________characteristics of adults your gender How might you recognize when another person is entering this stage of life? Summary X 17.2 - What is the difference between environmental and heredity factors when it comes to birth defects of children? 17.2 - Explain why a majority of teen pregnancies do not get proper prenatal care?