Student Notes ws with Diagrams

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Name
Class
Date
Chapter 18 - Classification
Linnaean Classification System
For Questions 1–3, complete each statement by writing the correct word or words.
1. The goal of systematics is to organize living things into groups, called
,
that have biological meaning.
2. The largest taxonomic category in the Linnaean system of classification is the
while the smallest is the
.
3. Similar classes are grouped into a(n)
into a(n)
,
, and similar orders are grouped
.
4. Fill in the name of each missing taxonomic category in the chart below.
KINGDOM
Animalia
Chordata
Mammalia
Carnivora
Ursidae
Ursus
SPECIES
Ursus arctos
Cladograms
For Questions 5–7, complete each statement by writing the correct word or words.
5. A diagram that shows the evolutionary relationships among a group of organisms is called
a(n)
.
6. The place where the ancestral lineage splits on a cladogram is called a fork, or a(n)
.
7. Characteristics shared by members of a clade and only by members of that clade are called
.
8.
Examine the cladogram below:
 Shade in the two organisms that belong to a clade that does not include the third
organism. Cross-hatch the organism that does not belong to the clade.
 Circle the point on the cladogram that shows the most recent common ancestor of the
crab and the barnacle.
 Mark an X on the point on the cladogram that shows the most recent common ancestor
of mollusks and crustaceans.
 Underline the characteristic that all three organisms have in common.
DNA in Classification
9. Why can genes be considered derived characters?
Use the figure below to answer Questions 10–12.
10. According to the figure, which species is most closely related to red pandas?
11. Although giant pandas and raccoons share some distinct anatomical similarities, they are
in different clades. What type of evidence do you think was used to construct this
diagram?
12. Biologists had previously classified giant pandas together with raccoons and red pandas.
What did DNA analysis reveal about giant pandas and bears?
Apply the Big idea
13. Both humans and yeasts have a gene that codes for a myosin protein. What does this
indicate about their ancestry?
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