Investigation 1 – Part 1 Lab Report Name ______________________________________ Date ____________ Class __________ Title: The effect of IV on DV? Question: What is the effect of IV on DV? Hypothesis: If____ then ____ because _____ Materials: Procedure: Data: Ground type: Temperature trial 1: Asphalt Grass Temperature trial 2: Average temperature (from both trials): Data analysis: Are there any patterns in the data? What may be the cause of the patterns that you observed? Why? How can the similarities and differences in the data be explained? Based on your data, why do you think these temperature differences exist? Based on your data, do you think the color of the surface affects its temperature? Based on your data, do you think the type of surface affects its temperature? Did you collect adequate data to answer the question, “Do different surface materials have different temperatures during the same time of the day? Why or why not?” What additional information do you need to answer the question? Construct questions that you have and that still need to be answered to answer this question. How is the data collection limited? Investigation 2: Urban Heat Island Graph Analysis Late afternoon temperature Rural Suburban Residential Commercial Down Town Urban Residential Park Suburban residential Rural Farmland 1. How does energy warm up materials on the Earth? Include the energy flow and transfer processes involved. 2. How does the flow of energy change depending on the color of the material? 3. How does the color of a material affects its temperature and why? 4. Based on your data and the reading, draw diagrams that show how energy is either reflected or absorbed for one dark and one light colored material. Identify and describe the components in the system and explain the flow of energy. Describe the similarities and differences between energy flows in the two diagrams. 5. What is an Urban Heat Island? 6. What causes an urban heat island? 7. What do you think the effects of an urban heat island are on the area and on people specifically? Why? 8. Are there any trends in the graph/data for the “Sketch of an Urban HeatIsland Profile?” 9. How does the temperature downtown relate to the surrounding areas? What are the causes behind the higher temperature in the city center? Why? What are the causes behind the lower temperature around the park? Why? 10. How can humans affect the temperature of different areas? Include ways that humans can both increase and decrease temperatures. Investigation 2: Claim - Evidence - Reasoning: Surface Temperatures State your claim: How can human activities affect surface temperatures? Provide Evidence: What data from the surface temperature experiments support your claim? What information does the article provide to explain this phenomenon? Scientific Reasoning: How does this evidence support your claim? Name _____________________________________ Date ____________________ Class_____________ Group members: _______________________________________________________________________ Investigation 3 Reducing the Urban Heat Island - Roof Design Challenge Problem: Constraints: Independent variable: Dependent variable: Control: Step 1: Design What household/classroom material will you use? What will your design look like? Step 2: Measuring Outcomes What outcome do you hope to achieve with your design? Based on the data you collected in previous investigations, what do you predict will be the outcome of your design? Why? How will you measure the effectiveness of your design? What specific results would make your design successful? How will you collect data? Step 3: Data Analysis and Next Steps Is there a pattern in the data? What are the limitations of this data? How could you improve your data collection for future testing? What is the cause of the pattern observed in the data? How can the similarities and differences in the data be explained? Based on your findings, how might you alter your design in order to produce better results?