Liturgical Items of Note Amice An oblong white linen vestment worn over and around the neck by clergy that helps to cover any clothing worn underneath the alb. The amice is optional today, but symbolizes the helmet of salvation that helps the priest to fend of the assaults of the enemy. Dalmatic The outer vestment worn by deacons during Mass. Unlike the chasuble, it has sleeves and opens at the sides, reaching below the knees. Typically, the color and decoration of the dalmatic will match (or be similar to) the chasuble worn by the priest. Alb A full-length white linen garment worn by clergy (and sometimes servers by extension) during liturgies. This symbolizes the whiteness and purity of Christian dignity through baptism. Cassock A black garment that reaches to the feet that buttons up the middle. When worn with the roman collar, it is a clerical garment, although in some places it may be worn by a server, master of ceremonies, or cantor without the roman collar. The cassock itself is not a vestment but is often worn underneath the alb. Colors other than black in a cassock denote office (for monsignors, bishops, cardinals, and popes). It can also be worn with a surplice, which is a white, large-sleeved, loose-fitting garment that reaches to the knees (looks like a cutoff alb). Cincture The cord or rope worn around the waist to gather and confine the alb. The cincture symbolizes purity and chastity. Stole The vestment that is a long narrow band of material worn around the neck of priests and over one shoulder for deacons. The stole is a sign of authority and is properly worn underneath the chasuble or dalmatic during Mass. Chasuble The sleeveless outer garment worn during Mass by a priest. This vestment is worn on top of all others (alb, stole, etc.). it symbolizes the yoke of Christ and is a sign of priestly office. The c hasuble is a sign of charity as well and is worn over the stole to symbolize that authority (symbolized by the stole) is exercised through charity. Cope A long semicircular cloak, usually richly ornamented, open in the front and fastened at the breast by a chain or clasp and reaching to the knees, this vestment is never worn during Mass but during other liturgical occasions by clergy. Humeral Veil An oblong, rectangular cloth that is placed over the shoulders and clasps in front of the chest. It is used during Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament as well as during the procession of the Blessed Sacrament or during the transfer of the Eucharist from one tabernacle to another. Liturgical Items of Note Chalice A sacred vessel which holds the wines that is consecrated at Mass to become the Blood of Christ. By the 9th century, these vessels were made of precious metals. The chalice is consecrated by a priest and set aside for only this purpose. Pyx A small silver dollar sized vessel large enough to hold a few hosts in order to carry communion to the sick. Like a paten or ciborium, a pyx is made of a precious metal and is often carried in side a small pouch worn around the neck, which is called a burse. Paten A round, thin, convex plate made of a precious metal which holds the bread which is consecrated at Mass to become the Body of Christ. Many patens have tall sides that make them shaped almost like bowls so that they may holds a greater number of hosts. Like the chalice, the paten is consecrated by a priest and set aside for only this purpose. Corporal A sacred cloth of white linen which is placed upon the altar (on top of the altar cloth) and upon which is placed the sacred vessels used during for the celebration of the Eucharist. It is folded three times each way when not in use or after use – this method of folding ensures that any fragments that fell upon the corporal during the celebration of the Eucharist are not lost and instead held within the linen until it can be purified. Ciborium A sacred vessel that looks similar to a chalice, but has a lid. These are used for holding hosts for reservation in the tabernacle. Som etimes, the ciborium may be used to directly distribute communion in place of a paten. Purificator A small piece of white absorbant linen, approximately 8”x16”, folded in three lengthwise, and folded down in half. Typically purificators are marked with a cross. These linens are used to wipe the lip of the chalice after the distribution of the Precious Blood and to dry the chalice after it is purified following Communion. Monstrance Named after the Latin word monstrare (meaning “to show”) the monstrance is a sacred vessel used to expose the consecrated Host during Eucharistic Adoration or during a Eucharistic proce ssion. Typically very ornate and made of precious metal, they contain a clear window in the center that allows for the display of the Host. Thurible & Boat Also known as a censer, the thurible is an enclosed vessel as the end of a chain or chains which contains burning charcoal. Once filled with incense from the boat (the small vessel which accompanies the thurible, it is swung during the liturgy and sends out smoke through small openings.