US History Jamestown to New Nation Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. What is the definition of the Social Contract? According to the Social Contract, men consent to be what? In regards to the Social Contract, what is prerogative? Which philosopher thinks the nature of man is bad and government is needed most to protect us? Which philosopher believes man is actually good but society and government corrupt mankind? What major cash crop helped Jamestown survive economically? Identify the two major settlements of the New England area. What is the first document in American history about self-government? What was the major effect of King Phillip’s War? What unified the New England area in early settlements but later divided it, causing new colonies, such as Rhode Island, to be established? What country occupied New York before the British defeated it in battle? What is the goal of mercantilism? The Navigation Acts of 1651 stated colonists could only export their wares to which country? What is salutary neglect? What war forced the British to raise taxes on the American colonies, setting up the Revolutionary War? Who did Americans lose jobs to? What was the Boston Massacre caused by? What major event in Boston led to martial law, or rule by the military of the state of Massachusetts? What document by Thomas Paine stated it was America’s destiny to be free and independent? What document’s basic belief is that all men are created equal? Where was most of the early Revolutionary War fought? What two victories after Washington crossed the Delaware helped gain new recruits for the Continental Army? Was the Saratoga campaign of the British a success or failure? The turning point of the war for the Americans came during the winter at what location? What major world power formed an alliance with the Americans to fight against the British? Where did most of the fighting towards the end of the Revolutionary War take place? Where did the British surrender to the Americans, officially ending the war and granting Americans freedom from British rule? What treaty officially ended the war and established the US as an independent nation? What was the official government between the time of the Revolutionary War and before the passage of the Constitution? What event showed the government was failing and a change was needed? Which future president wrote the Constitution? Identify the pro-Constitution publication. What addition to the Constitution helped it get ratified? What is the Bill of Rights? 35. What did Alexander Hamilton propose that created a division and led to fights between Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson? 36. Identify the law passed by President John Adams limiting the number of immigrants coming to America. 37. Identify the law passed by President John Adams limiting speech against government officials. 38. Who did the United States purchase the Louisiana Territory from? 39. What invention expanded the production of cotton? 40. What decree from President James Monroe prevented European aggression and expansion into the Western Hemisphere?