Name:________________________ Date: ________________________ Class Period:_________________ Study Guide for Mutations Test 1. Know he definitions of mutation and mutagen 2. Know the difference between a gene mutation and a chromosomal mutation (or alteration) 3. Know the difference between a spontaneous mutation and an induced mutation. 3. Know the types of chromosomal mutations/alterations: Insertion Deletion Duplication Inversion Translocation 4. Know the different types of point mutations: silent, missense, nonsense -Know how each one affects a protein and which one is most likely to cause problems with the protein and problems for the cell 5. What are the following gene mutations: substitution, insertion, deletion, and frameshift 6. The difference between germline mutations and somatic mutations: -What are germline cells? -What are somatic cells? -Which ones can be passed from parent to offspring? 7. When are gene mutations likely to occur? 8. When are chromosomal mutations likely to occur?