2015_DPHS_1_Worksheet_Levels of Linguistic Structure

advertisement
What aspects of language can be meaningful?
SOUNDS
Individual sounds (“phonemes”) — can change the meaning of the word
Ex:
can vs. cat
ran vs. run
ser vs. ver
Syllable stress — can change word’s part of speech
Ex:
permit (noun) vs. permit (verb)
record (noun) vs. record (verb)
Tone — use of pitch (high, low, rising, falling) to differentiate word meaning or features
of a sentence
WORDS or PARTS OF WORDS
Parts of words (“morphemes”) — can represent subject, verb, tense, or other parts of
sentence
Ex:
nilipiga – “I hit”
ulipiga – “you hit”
walipiga – “they hit”
Prefixes & suffixes — specific class of morphemes; can change part of speech, tense,
etc. of single word
Ex:
walks
Ex. 2: believe (verb)
walked
believable (adj)
walking
unbelievable (adj)
unbelievably (adverb)
WORD ORDER (“syntax”)
Ex:
House painted student a the. vs. A student painted the house.
I should go to the store. vs. Should I go to the store?
Can I help him with something? vs. Kann ich ihm mit etwas helfen?
CONTEXT is also important. We will discuss this in more detail throughout the class.
Download
Random flashcards
State Flags

50 Cards Education

Countries of Europe

44 Cards Education

Art History

20 Cards StudyJedi

Sign language alphabet

26 Cards StudyJedi

Create flashcards