APA References and Citations quick guide


APA References and Citations

In-Text Citations

1 Author

2 Authors

3-5 Authors

(Surname, year, p. #) (Samuelson, 2012, p. 14)

Connect with an ampersand (Drens & Gehler, 1994, pp. 5-6)

First citation: list all authors

Subsequent citations: list the first author, followed by et al.

(Jones, Smith, & Gerbert, 1974, p. 65)

(Jones et al., 1974, p. 74)

6+ Authors

List the first author, followed by et al.

(Clark et al., 2008, p. 47)

No Author

No Date

List the first 1-3 words of the source title as it is listed on the reference page

Use “n.d.”

(“Cancer therapy,” 1996, p. 6)



, 1984, pp. 24-25)

(Jones, n.d., p. 47)

Note: When you summarize an entire source, omit the page number from the in-text citation

Reference List

Every cited source must be documented in the reference list. Label References at the top of the page, centered and not bolded. List references in alphabetical order, double spaced, in hanging indent format




Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article.

Title of

Journal, xx

, pp-pp.


Jones, A. B., Smith, C. D., and Clark, E. F. (2013). Social support and heart disease.

Health Psychology, 15,


Website Format:

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxx


Jones, K. (2014). An overview of insomnia. Retrieved from http://www. webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/insomnia-symptoms-and-causes

Book Format:

Author, A. A. (year).

Title of work.

Location: Publisher.


Trimble, J. (1975).

Writing with style: Conversations on the art of writing.

New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.




Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor,

& C. Editor (Eds.),

Title of book

(pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.


Allen, A., Barnes, B., & Clark C. (2005). New methodolgy in psychology. In

Y. Yates & Z. Ziegfield

Future directions of modern psychology


59-75). New York: Pearson.

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