# A Tasty Solution Lab

```A Tasty Solution
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Recall that solutions are homogeneous mixtures…they are the same throughout.
In a solution, the substance that dissolves another substance is called the solvent.
The substance that gets dissolved is called the solute.
In seawater, for example, water is the solvent and salt is the solute.
Alloys
Not all solvents are liquids, and not all solutes are solids. When metals are melted together and then
allowed to cool and become solid, they form a solid solution called an alloy. Bronze and stainless steel
are examples of alloys.
Solubility
Solubility measures how much of a solute can dissolve in a solvent. Solubility can be changed,
depending on things like temperature or the size of the solute particles.
Experiment (Test Hypothesis)
Read the entire procedure carefully before you begin!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
1. On your data sheet (reverse side), record your hypothesis. Remember the “If …and…then…”
format. What do you think is going to happen in this lab?
2. Show me your hypothesis, and obtain the materials for the lab: three pieces of candy.
3. Using a timer or the clock, place one entire piece of candy in your mouth. Do not chew the
candy.
4. Record the time that it takes for this piece of candy to dissolve on your data sheet.
5. While you’re waiting for the first piece to dissolve, you can prepare the remaining two pieces by
cutting one in half and the final piece into four equal quarters.
6. Once the first whole piece is dissolved and you’ve recorded the time, place the two halves from
the second piece into your mouth and begin timing again. Record the time it takes for both
halves to entirely dissolve.
7. Finally, place the four quarters from the third piece into your mouth and again record the time it
takes for all pieces to entirely dissolve.
Analysis
Using complete statements, report the results of your experiment in the “Analysis” section.
Then graph your results on the provided grid space. Title the graph and label the x and y axis.
Conclusion
What can you conclude about the effect of particle size on solubility? (Answer on data sheet)
Wrap up
Fill in the remaining questions on the data sheet. Please return plastic knives and throw paper towels in
the garbage cans. Thank you.
Name_________________________________________________
Date Sheet: A Tasty Solution
Hypothesis
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Experimental Results
Piece Number
Time to dissolve (seconds or minutes)
First
Second
Third
Analysis
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Conclusion
What can you conclude about the effect of solute size on solubility? _____________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Wrap Up
Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word.
1. Solutions contain two parts, a ______________________ and a ______________________.
2. The candy dissolves in the _______________________ in your mouth to form a liquid solution.
3. The solvent in this experiment is ____________________ and the ______________________ is
the candy.
4. The solute ______________________________ by spreading out evenly throughout the solvent.
5. Brass is made of copper dissolved in zinc; it is a special type of solution called a(n)
________________________.
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