Unit 1: Sumer Study Guide

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Unit I: Ancient Sumer Study Guide
Directions:
Read pages 1 through 15 and identify, define and explain each of the following,
which can be found in sequence within the stated pages. .
1. Euphrates River
2. William Loftus
3. Cradle of the human race
4. The mound of Warka
5. Urak
6. Mesopotamia
7. Paleolithic
8. Hunting and gathering
9. The Chauvet Cave
10. Neolithic
11. Neolithic Revolution*
12. Aurochs
13. Nomadic
14. Systematic agriculture
15. Ain Ghazal
16. The Fertile Crescent
17. Jericho
18. Catal Huyuk
19. Turkey
20. Rooftop walkways
21. Mother earth
22. The Bronze Age
23. Civilization*
24. Indus River
25. Himalayas
26. Arabian Sea
27. Harappa
28. Mohenjo-Daro
29. Indus Valley
30. Yellow River
31. Tigris and Euphrates
32. The Nile River
33. Turkmenistan
34. Uzbekistan
35. Supe River Valley
36, Caral
37. Theory of challenges
38. Between the rivers
39. Irrigation
40. Sumerians
41. City-states
42. Mud
43. The Arch
44. Ziggurat
45. Theocracy
46. Kingship
47. Basis of Sumerian economy
48. Sumerian social groups
52. Sargon’s successors
53. Ur-Nammu
54. Third Dynasty of Ur
55. The Amorites
56. The Babylonians
57. Hammurabi
58. Hammurabi’s Empire
59. The Kassites
60 Code of Hammurabi*
61. Basis for military success
62. Earliest center of religion
63. Sanctity of city-states
64. True center of community life
65. Residences of priests
66. Ownership of the city-state
67. Sumerian view of the universe
68. Epic of Gilgamesh
69. Polytheism
70. An
71. Enil
72. Enki
73. Ninhursaga
74. Mother earth
75. Divination
76. Cultric arts*
77. Cuneiform
78. Pictographic
79. Stylus
80. Clay tablets
81. Phonetic system
82. Record keeping*
83. Primary goal of education
84. Scribal schools
85. Peoples’ view of Gilgamesh
86. Enkidu
87. Ishtar
88. The Bull of Heaven
89. Utnapishtim
90. Search for immortality
91. Mesopotamian mathematics
92. Mathematical processes
93. Numerical system
94. Tables of computation
95. The Sumerian calendar
96. Sargon the Great
97. The Akkadians
98. Empire
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