Quiz KEY Urinary System QUIZ: Urinary System 1. The "A" arrow points to the: adrenal gland cortex ureter glomerulus 2. The arrow "B" points to the: cortex renal pelvis medulla bowman's capsule 3. After blood enters the kidney, it travels to the: proximal tubule distal tubule collecting duct glomerulus 4. The proximal and distal tubule are separated by the: glomerulus loop of henle renal artery collecting duct 5. Urine is stored in what part of the kidney before it moves to the bladder renal pelvis ureter medulla loop of henle 6. What tube carries urine outside the body from the bladder? ureter distal tubule urethra loop of henle 7. Which of the following is NOT a job of the kidneys? keep the volume of water in your body constant secrete hormones regulate blood pressure remove wastes 8. The kidneys are located: on either side of the lung dorsal to the liver within the mesentery of the small intestine near the middle of the back, on either side of the spine 9. The structure labeled "B" is the: cortex bowman's capsule collecting duct nephron 10. The structure labeled "G" is the: renal artery renal vein proximal tubule distal tubule 11. The kidneys help regulate blood volume. help control blood pressure. help control pH. All of the above are correct. 12. The location of the kidneys in relationship to the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is referred to as retroperitoneal. retroabdominal. posterior. dorsal. 13. All of the following belong to the urinary system EXCEPT the urethra. ureter. bladder. prostate. 14. The functional unit of the kidney is called a glomerulus. nephron. corpuscle. calyx. 15. Most glucose molecules are reabsorbed in the proximal convoluted tubules. distal convoluted tubules. collecting ducts. loop of Henle. 16. Which of the following substances can be eliminated from the blood by tubular secretions? potassium ions hydrogen ions ammonium ions All of the above. 17. The structure that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder is the ureter. urethra. renal pelvis. collecting duct. 18. Urine is expelled from the urinary bladder by excretion. defecation. micturition. (OMIT) filtration. 19. All the following are principle solutes of urine EXCEPT urea. creatinine. glycogen. uric acid. 20. Which of the following hormones increase reabsorption of water in the collecting ducts? renin. ADH. aldosterone. insulin.