Key to Urinary Quiz

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Quiz KEY
Urinary System
QUIZ: Urinary System
1. The "A" arrow points to the:
adrenal gland
cortex
ureter
glomerulus
2. The arrow "B" points to the:
cortex
renal pelvis
medulla
bowman's capsule
3. After blood enters the kidney, it travels to the:
proximal tubule
distal tubule
collecting duct
glomerulus
4. The proximal and distal tubule are separated by the:
glomerulus
loop of henle
renal artery
collecting duct
5. Urine is stored in what part of the kidney before it moves to the bladder
renal pelvis
ureter
medulla
loop of henle
6. What tube carries urine outside the body from the bladder?
ureter
distal tubule
urethra
loop of henle
7. Which of the following is NOT a job of the kidneys?
keep the volume of water in your body constant
secrete hormones
regulate blood pressure
remove wastes
8. The kidneys are located:
on either side of the lung
dorsal to the liver
within the mesentery of the small intestine
near the middle of the back, on either side of the
spine
9. The structure labeled "B" is the:
cortex
bowman's capsule
collecting duct
nephron
10. The structure labeled "G" is the:
renal artery
renal vein
proximal tubule
distal tubule
11. The kidneys
help regulate blood volume.
help control blood pressure.
help control pH.
All of the above are correct.
12. The location of the kidneys in relationship to the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity is
referred to as
retroperitoneal.
retroabdominal.
posterior.
dorsal.
13. All of the following belong to the urinary system EXCEPT the
urethra.
ureter.
bladder.
prostate.
14. The functional unit of the kidney is called a
glomerulus.
nephron.
corpuscle.
calyx.
15. Most glucose molecules are reabsorbed in the
proximal convoluted tubules.
distal convoluted tubules.
collecting ducts.
loop of Henle.
16. Which of the following substances can be eliminated from the blood by tubular secretions?
potassium ions
hydrogen ions
ammonium ions
All of the above.
17. The structure that connects a kidney to the urinary bladder is the
ureter.
urethra.
renal pelvis.
collecting duct.
18. Urine is expelled from the urinary bladder by
excretion.
defecation.
micturition. (OMIT)
filtration.
19. All the following are principle solutes of urine EXCEPT
urea.
creatinine.
glycogen.
uric acid.
20. Which of the following hormones increase reabsorption of water in the collecting ducts?
renin.
ADH.
aldosterone.
insulin.
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