# Language analysis ```The Language Needed to Explain Patterns
Task: Circle the language that your partner or you use to explain Pattern A.
Vocabulary and Expressions
Grammatical Features or
Discourse Features
Structures
to add something to + something
The figure has + ___ squares.
algebraic expression—
a mathematical phrase involving
variables, numbers and operations
ordinal numbers: first,
second, third, fourth
similar position to something else
comparison—Figure 1 has 2
more squares than Figure 2.
larger than/smaller than
data (n.-pl.) —information, facts,
numbers
superlative—
largest/smallest
express (v.)— technical to change an
amount or quantity into a different
form, especially in mathematics
to express something as something
We can express a pattern as a rule.
arranged
vertically/horizontally.
figure (n.) —a design or pattern, a
pictorial representation
to figure out the value of something
• We can figure out the value of __.
to increase/decrease by a number
replace (v.)—to remove something
and put something in its place.
• We can replace the variable with a
number.
represent (v.) —to describe
something in a specific way; to stand
for something
square (n.) —a shape with four
straight equal sides with 90&ordm; angles
at the corners
table (n.) —a list of numbers, facts,
or information arranged in rows
across and down a page
variable (n.) —letter or symbol that
represents an unknown amount that
can change or vary
modal auxiliary—
would (used when talking
How many squares would be
in a fourth figure?
questions—
• What comes next?
• How many squares does the
next figure have?
• What data is missing from
this table?
Prepositional phrases—
On top of
Compare/contrast — We
can compare the figures.
Table/graph —
We can make a table to
organize data.
Describe—e.g., data in a
table — In this table, each
number in the second
column is larger than the
corresponding number in
the first column by ___
square/s.
Translate — We can
translate words into an
algebraic expression.
Analyze — We can look for
a pattern in the
relationship between __
and __.
Task: What language would you use to explain Patterns B?
Vocabulary and Expressions
Grammatical Features or
Structures
Discourse Features
Task: What language would you use to explain Pattern C?
Vocabulary and Expressions
Grammatical Features or
Structures
Discourse Features
```