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The Language Needed to Explain Patterns Task: Circle the language that your partner or you use to explain Pattern A. Vocabulary and Expressions Grammatical Features or Discourse Features Structures to add something to + something The figure has + ___ squares. algebraic expression— a mathematical phrase involving variables, numbers and operations ordinal numbers: first, second, third, fourth corresponding (adj.)—having a similar position to something else comparison—Figure 1 has 2 more squares than Figure 2. larger than/smaller than data (n.-pl.) —information, facts, numbers superlative— largest/smallest express (v.)— technical to change an amount or quantity into a different form, especially in mathematics to express something as something We can express a pattern as a rule. adverbs—The squares are arranged vertically/horizontally. figure (n.) —a design or pattern, a pictorial representation to figure out the value of something • We can figure out the value of __. to increase/decrease by a number replace (v.)—to remove something and put something in its place. • We can replace the variable with a number. represent (v.) —to describe something in a specific way; to stand for something square (n.) —a shape with four straight equal sides with 90º angles at the corners table (n.) —a list of numbers, facts, or information arranged in rows across and down a page variable (n.) —letter or symbol that represents an unknown amount that can change or vary Write additional language here: modal auxiliary— would (used when talking about a possible situation)— How many squares would be in a fourth figure? questions— • What comes next? • How many squares does the next figure have? • What data is missing from this table? Prepositional phrases— On top of Compare/contrast — We can compare the figures. Table/graph — We can make a table to organize data. Describe—e.g., data in a table — In this table, each number in the second column is larger than the corresponding number in the first column by ___ square/s. Translate — We can translate words into an algebraic expression. Analyze — We can look for a pattern in the relationship between __ and __. Task: What language would you use to explain Patterns B? Vocabulary and Expressions Grammatical Features or Structures Discourse Features Task: What language would you use to explain Pattern C? Vocabulary and Expressions Grammatical Features or Structures Discourse Features