5.2 Notes

Name: _____________________________________ Date: _________________ Period: ______
Chapter 5.2: The Results of Stress
1. Rock Deformation
a. Caused by the high ___________________ and _________________
of geologic _________________.
b. It is possible for the ____________ to return to its original _________
if the ______________ (stress) is applied and removed slowly.
c. When the ___________ passes the limits of the rock, the rock can be
__________________ permanently and may ___________.
2. Folding
a. When ____________ responds to stress by becoming permanently
____________________ without breaking.
b. _________________ can be easily observed where the rocks are
______________________ inward and the layers of the rock move
into new positions _____________________ breaking. (___________
may appear, but the rock layers remain ________________.)
c. _____________ of folds can vary greatly.
i. Some rock ____________ can be found within a small
____________-size rock while others span of ______________
of miles and must be seen from __________.
d. There are __________ types of rock folding: ___________________,
__________________, & _____________________.
i. An _______________ fold is an _____-curved fold in which
the _______________ layer is in the ____________ of the fold.
1. Mountain ______________ are generally found along
ii. A _________________ fold is a ____________-curved fold in
which the ___________________ layer is in the center.
1. ________________ are generally found along synclines.
iii. A ____________________ fold is a fold in which both sections
remain ____________________.
3. Faulting & Fracturing
a. _______________ do not always respond to __________________ by
folding. Under certain conditions rocks will actually ______________
when stress is applied.
Name: _____________________________________ Date: _________________ Period: ______
b. ___________________ & ____________________ of rocks generally
occurs _______________ to the Earth’s surface where the rocks are
_________________ and under ___________ pressure.
c. A ___________________ is a break in rock where there is no rock
___________________ on either side of the ______________.
d. A ________________ is a break in rock along which rocks on either
side of the break _______________.
i. A fault _____________ is the surface of a fault along which
any _________________ occurs.
ii. The __________________ wall is the rock _________ the fault
iii. The _________________ is the rock ______________ the fault
e. There are four types of faults: ________________ Faults,
_________________ Faults, _______________ Faults, and
______________-_________ Faults.
i. A _____________ fault is a fault in which the ______________
wall moves _____________ relative to the footwall.
1. These faults generally form along __________________
boundaries where the crust is being ____________ apart.
ii. A _______________ fault forms when ___________________
causes the hanging wall to move _____ relative to the footwall.
iii. A _______________ fault is a reverse fault where the fault
plane is nearly ____________________.
iv. A strike-slip fault is a ____________ where the rock on either
side of the fault plane ______________ horizontally past each
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