Consequences of dietary imbalance Categories • The effects of diet related diseases can categorised into two areas; • Direct coasts can be easily measured eg how much money something costs. • Indirect costs are harder to measure but have just as big an impact, like the quality of an affected persons life. Who is affected • Effects of disease can be divided into two areas; • Individual, and • Community INDIVIDUAL COSTS • DIRECT • Medical care - you will have to pay to get treated in hospital. • Pharmaceutical care – Most diet related conditions are chronic and ongoing, which means the affected person will have to be on medication for a long period of time, which will cost money. • Travel costs – to get to treatment. • Loss of income – Cannot work while being treated, or may have to work less hours due to being injured. • INDIRECT • Pain and suffering – Diseases don’t generally feel very nice! • Reduced work effectiveness - Not being able to do your job properly, or contribute to your family or community can make you stressed, depressed feel unworthy and lower your self image. • Death. COMMUNITY COSTS • DIRECT • Healthcare – In Australia, the Government often pays for your treatment when you are sick. A good deal, but annoying for taxpayers when people are in hospital for expensive treatment for condition that are avoidable eg kidney dialysis because of excess alcohol consumption. • Pharmaceuticals - The government helps pay for drugs that we buy at the chemist. • Lost Productivity - Someone else has to do your job – less people contributing to overall economy and more people taking from it. • Cost of prevention strategies – As disease rates increase, government is forced to spend money on campaigns and strategies to reduce the incidence of the disease – that money has to come from somewhere. • INDIRECT • Unpaid Care - family members, friends, community members take time out of their day to help. • Loss of productivity - You may not be able to work as hard or well, which makes workmates have to work harder. More work and/or stress to replace you or make up while you are away. • Loss of individual - if a person dies there are significant emotional impacts on the people who know them.