Drug- Any substance (other than food) that can change the structure or function of the body or mind Example- cocaine and heroin Medicine- A drug that prevents , treats, or cures illnesses, or eases its symptoms Example- Tylenol, antibiotics Reasons we use medications: •Prevent Diseases example- vaccines •Fight Germs example- antibiotics •Relieve Pain example- ibuprofen •Treat other medical conditions example- cold medication Medicines that can be used safely with a doctors written permission Example- antibiotics All drugs are tested for safety and approved by the Food and Drug Administration. The FDA also decides which drugs are prescription and overthe-counter. Preparations of dead or weak germs that are most commonly injected into the body causing it to make antibodies. Examples- polio, measles, chicken pox Drugs used to treat severe or chronic pain Drugs made by microorganisms to Examplesstop or kill other microorganisms Tylenol with (germs) Only can be used against codeine,Vicodin, bacterial infections. ExamplesOxycontin penicillin, amoxycillin, cipro Prescription drugs should only be used by the person they are prescribed for because everyone has a different body chemistry, body size, symptoms, possible allergies, etc. Drugs that are safe enough to be taken without seeing a doctor *Include more information by law than prescription drugs Examples include Tylenol, Robitussin cough syrup, etc. Any reaction to a drug other than the one intended Examples- rash, nausea, dizziness, tiredness When a person’s body gets used to the effects of a drug and it take MORE to achieve the same effect Mixing alcohol with tranquilizers is a multiplier effect! When 2 or more drugs are taken at the same time. It can multiply (greatly increase) the effects, weaken the effects or cancel each other out! The physical and mental need for a drug After football practice, Steve and his friend David share some of David’s prescription anadol (type of steroid pill) that David takes for his anemia. Cathy is at a party and some of the kids are sniffing Glade air freshener from a bag to get high. Jessica has a stomach ache so she takes some Pepto Bismol. She doesn’t have a spoon, so she drinks it right from the bottle. Approximately one in five teenagers has abused a prescription painkiller to get high, and one in 11 has abused OTC products, like cough medicine. OTC drugs are only safe when used according to the directions and prescription drugs are only used safely when used by the person they are prescribed for! ADDICTION Hallucinations Confusion Coma Severe Physical and Emotional Health Effects DEATH Shannon’s Story Always read the label for directions and potential side-effects- especially OTC drugs! Check the seal before opening the drug Check the expiration date and throw away all medication that has expired. Never take a drug that is prescribed for another person Let your doctor know right away if you experience any problems with prescription drugs.