Drug- Any substance (other than food)
that can change the structure or function
of the body or mind Example- cocaine
and heroin
Medicine- A drug that prevents , treats,
or cures illnesses, or eases its symptoms
Example- Tylenol, antibiotics
Reasons we use medications:
•Prevent Diseases
example- vaccines
•Fight Germs
example- antibiotics
•Relieve Pain
example- ibuprofen
•Treat other medical conditions
example- cold medication
Medicines that can be used safely
with a doctors written permission
Example- antibiotics
All drugs are tested for safety and
approved by the Food and Drug
Administration. The FDA also decides
which drugs are prescription and overthe-counter.
Preparations of dead or weak germs that are
most commonly injected into the body causing
it to make antibodies. Examples- polio,
measles, chicken pox
Drugs used to
treat severe or
chronic pain
Drugs made by microorganisms to
Examplesstop or kill other microorganisms
Tylenol with
(germs) Only can be used against
bacterial infections. ExamplesOxycontin
penicillin, amoxycillin, cipro
Prescription drugs should only be used by the person
they are prescribed for because everyone has a
different body chemistry, body size, symptoms,
possible allergies, etc.
Drugs that are safe enough to be
taken without seeing a doctor
*Include more information by law
than prescription drugs
Examples include
Robitussin cough
syrup, etc.
Any reaction to a drug other
than the one intended
Examples- rash, nausea,
dizziness, tiredness
When a person’s body gets used to the
effects of a drug and it take MORE to
achieve the same effect
Mixing alcohol with tranquilizers
is a multiplier effect!
When 2 or more drugs are taken at
the same time. It can multiply
(greatly increase) the effects,
weaken the effects or cancel each
other out!
The physical and mental need for a drug
After football practice, Steve and his friend David
share some of David’s prescription anadol (type of
steroid pill) that David takes for his anemia.
Cathy is at a party and some of the kids are
sniffing Glade air freshener from a bag to get
Jessica has a stomach ache so she takes some
Pepto Bismol. She doesn’t have a spoon, so she
drinks it right from the bottle.
Approximately one in five teenagers
has abused a prescription painkiller
to get high, and one in 11 has abused
OTC products, like cough medicine.
OTC drugs are
only safe when
used according to
the directions
and prescription
drugs are only
used safely when
used by the
person they are
prescribed for!
Severe Physical and
Emotional Health
Shannon’s Story
Always read the label for directions and
potential side-effects- especially OTC drugs!
Check the seal before opening the drug
Check the expiration date and throw away all
medication that has expired.
Never take a drug that is prescribed for another person
Let your doctor know right away if you experience any
problems with prescription drugs.
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