diebetes2 - Forest Hills High School

Diabetes is a disease that is characterized by
abnormally high glucose levels in the blood
Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus) is a metabolism disorder. Many things that we eat
is broken down into Glucose. Glocose is a sugar that can be found in the blood
stream, it is the "fuel" for humans.
Insulin is very importanat to the body. Insulin is responsible for letting the
glucose into the cells. When you finish eating, the pancreas excretes a certain
amount of insulin to allow the glocose into the cell which eventually lowers the
blood suger level.
A person who has diabetes has too much glucose in their blood (hyperglycemia),
because either insulin is not produced, too little is produced, or the insulin is
rejected by the cells. The extra blood glucose passes out of the body through
urine. Even if you have a lot of glucose the cells are not recieving it.
There are three different types of Diabetes:
Diabetes Type 1 is where the body
produces no insulin at all.
Diabetes Type 2 is where the body
doesn't produce enough insulin, or
your insulin is not working properly.
Gestational Diabetes is something that some women develop during their pregnancy.
*Diabetes Type 1 and 2 are chronic where as Gestational Diabetes usually goes away after the child is
-Always tired
-Wounds that wont heal
-Frequent Urination
-Always Hungry
-Sudden Weight loss
-Blurry Vision
- Urinalysis
-Blood Glucose Test
-Insulin shots are mostly
-Some dieting and excersize
-Usually tablets, excersize and
a special diet
-Sometimes Insulin shots
-Small amounts of Sugar
-Small amount of Salt (Salt can cause
High Blood Pressure)
-Foods Rich in Fiber
-Less fat (Fat can cause Heart
High Risks of:
-Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
-Ketoacidosis (Chemical balance of body is too acidic)
-Nonketotic Hyperosmolar Coma (Type two only- High blood
sugar, very dehydrated, results in loss of consciousness)
Long Term:
-Cardiovascular Disease
-Retinal Damage
-Chronic Kidney Failure
Cleveland Clinic Foundation. (2009). Diabetes and the Foods You
Eat. Date Retrieved September 30, 2009 from,
MediLexicon International Ltd. (2009). All About Diabetes. Date
Retrieved September 30, 2009 from,
Types of Diabetes:
Chart of Effects: http://www.nurseminerva.co.uk/diabet1.gif
Age Chart (Bar Graph):