Basic Geography Skills Maps • Flat pictures of some portion of the earth Parts of a Map • Map key or legend tells what the symbols mean • Title tells what the map is about • Compass rose shows the directions • Scale shows the distance between two places on a map Types of maps • Political—shows political lines that divide countries (or states) • Physical—shows the physical features of the earth (mountains, deserts, etc.) • Climate—shows the different climate regions of the earth W hat type of map is this? How about this one? And this one? Types of maps • Territorial—shows a territorial area such as states or regions • Population—shows where people live or how many people live in certain areas • Road—shows the major roads in an area Maps • Cardinal directions (north, east, south, west) are found on the compass rose • Intermediate directions (northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest) • You use latitude and longitude to pinpoint location Use latitude and longitude to pinpoint the location of each letter Equator and Prime Meridian • The Equator is located at 0° latitude • The Prime Meridian is located at 0° longitude • Lines of latitude are called parallels • Lines of longitude are called meridians Physical Features • For civilizations to thrive, you need water, fertile soil and a mild climate • Mountains, deserts, oceans, rainforests, etc.. Are physical features • Mountains and deserts serve as natural geographic barriers- they are hard to cross and separate communities 1. What is Mauna Kea? 2. What island is Red Hill on? 3. What do the dots symbolize? 4. What direction is Kailua from Captain Cook? 5. Name one line of latitude on the map. Reading charts, graphs and diagrams • Graphs are used to show and compare data • Draw lines so you can see the information in terms of rows and columns if the lines are not already present. • Read the row and the column that corresponds to it. 1.Who read the most books? 2.Who read the fewest books? 3.How many more books did Yecenia read than Hunter? 4.How many books did the students read? 1.How much potatoes were consumed on Wednesday? 2.Which day were the least amount consumed? 3.Which day were the most potatoes consumed? 1. What is a normal blood pressure for someone age 16? 2. What is the range for moderate hypertension? 3. What is the range for severe hypertension?