# Basic Geography Skills

```Basic Geography Skills
Maps
• Flat pictures of
some portion
of the earth
Parts of a Map
• Map key or legend
tells what the symbols
mean
• Title tells what the
• Compass rose shows
the directions
• Scale shows the
distance between two
places on a map
Types of maps
• Political—shows political lines that
divide countries (or states)
• Physical—shows the physical features
of the earth (mountains, deserts, etc.)
• Climate—shows the different climate
regions of the earth
W hat type of
map is this?
And
this
one?
Types of maps
• Territorial—shows a territorial area
such as states or regions
• Population—shows where people live or
how many people live in certain areas
area
Maps
• Cardinal directions (north, east, south,
west) are found on the compass rose
• Intermediate directions (northeast,
northwest, southeast, southwest)
• You use latitude and longitude to pinpoint
location
Use latitude and longitude to pinpoint the
location of each letter
Equator and Prime Meridian
• The Equator is
located at 0&deg; latitude
• The Prime Meridian is
located at 0&deg;
longitude
• Lines of latitude are
called parallels
• Lines of longitude are
called meridians
Physical Features
• For civilizations to thrive, you need water, fertile soil
and a mild climate
• Mountains, deserts, oceans, rainforests, etc.. Are
physical features
• Mountains and deserts serve as natural geographic
barriers- they are hard to cross and separate
communities
1. What is Mauna
Kea?
2. What island is
Red Hill on?
3. What do the
dots
symbolize?
4. What direction
is Kailua from
Captain Cook?
5. Name one line
of latitude on
the map.
• Graphs are used to show and compare
data
• Draw lines so you can see the
information in terms of rows and
columns if the lines are not already
present.
• Read the row and the column that
corresponds to it.
most books?
fewest books?
3.How many
more books
did Yecenia
Hunter?
4.How many
books did the
1.How much
potatoes were
consumed on
Wednesday?
2.Which day
were the least
amount
consumed?
3.Which day
were the most
potatoes
consumed?
1. What is a
normal blood
pressure for
someone age
16?
2. What is the
range for
moderate
hypertension?
3. What is the
range for
severe
hypertension?
```