Broadband Economy

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THE ACCELERATION OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
THROUGH
FIXED BROADBAND NETWORK
SETYANTO P. SANTOSA
CHAIRMAN
MASYARAKAT TELEMATIKA INDONESIA
[MASTEL]
08 April 2010
From Agricultural to Conceptual
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The Information Revolution, Driver of the Knowledge
Economy in a Global World
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ROLE OF BROADBAND
"for every one percentage point increase in broadband
penetration in a state, employment is projected to
increase by 0.2 to 0.3 percent per year”
(brooking institute)
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ROLE OF BROADBAND
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Broadband needs to be considered as basic national infrastructure, as it will
fundamentally reshape the world in the 21st century and change the way
services are delivered – from e-health to e-education to e-commerce to egovernment.
Broadband is the most powerful tool ever devised to drive social and
economic development, and accelerate progress towards the Millennium
Development Goals.
Broadband is becoming a prerequisite to economic opportunity for
individuals, small businesses and communities. Those without broadband
and the skills to use broadband-enabled technologies are becoming more
isolated from the modern American economy.
Broadband can provide significant benefits to the next generation of
entrepreneurs and small businesses—the engines of job creation and
economic growth for the country.
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BROADBAND & SMEs
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It allows small businesses to achieve operational scale more
quickly. Broadband and associated ICTs can help lower company
start-up costs through faster business registration and improved
access to customers and suppliers.
It gives SMEs access to new markets and opportunities by
lowering the barriers of physical scale and allowing them to
compete for customers who previously turned exclusively to larger
suppliers.
It allow small businesses to increase efficiency, improve market
access, reduce costs and increase the speed of both transactions
and interactions.
E-commerce solutions eliminate geographic barriers to getting a
business's message and product out to a broad audience.
60 million Americans go online every day to find a product or
service, but only 24% of small businesses use e-commerce
applications to sell online
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BROADBAND & ECONOMIC SECTORS


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OECD report urges governments to invest in open-access high-speed
national fiber networks that can serve as the future delivery mechanism for
a huge range of new and innovative public sector services.
And despite the large initial capital investment needed – typically US$ 1,5002,500 per household connected – the report shows that National Broadband
Networks can pay for themselves within ten years, through dramatic savings
in just four key economic sectors:
electricity
healthcare
road transport
Education
cost savings across the four sectors of just 0.5%-1.5% would be
sufficient to justify the cost of laying high-speed fiber-to-thehome via a national point-to-point network.
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The Positive Side of Indonesian ICT Development
Mobile and Internet Tariffs are among the cheapest in SE
Asia
Large growths in Mobile Subscribers for several years
The growing applications and contents in Internet and
Mobile services, such as IP-TV, streaming videos, games,
entertainments, BlackBerry, etc.
Indonesia is among the World's largest users of Web 2.0
Social Networking, such as Blogs, Facebook, Multiply,
Youtube, YM, Chatting, etc
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The Negative Side of the Indonesian ICT Development
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The declining profit margins of Operators due to very intense tariff
competition
The lowering of Quality of Service, especially 3G and mobile Internet
services
Low or little profits from Web, Internet and Social Networks, due to
average low income of Indonesians
ICT growth has not been accompanied by economic growth; little
value added results
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ICT Indicators 2004-2008
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Fixed Telephones
8,703,300
8,824,467
8,806,702
8,717,872
8,612,872
Fixed WirelessPhones
1,673,081
4,683,363
6,014,031
10,811,635 16,598,550
Mobile Phones
30,336,607 46,992,118 63,803,015 93,386,881 124,805,871
SERVICES
Population in 2008 = 228,523,300
Households in 2008 = 57,716,100
Income per Capita = Rp 7.5 millions
PDB per Capita = Rp 8.7 millions per year
% of Households with Fixed Phones = 12.69%
(24.51% in cities, 3.72% in villages)
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INFRASTRUKTUR DATA 2008
INDONESIA (UN E-Gov Survey 2008)
Internet / 100 Users
7.18
PC / 100 Users
1.47
Cellular Subs /100 users
28.30
Main Telephone Lines/100 Users
6.57
Broadband / 100 Users
0.05
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E-Readiness
Peringkat Kesiapan Teknologi 2008-2009
(Sumber: Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009, World Economic Forum)
Negara
Thailand
34
66
Teknologi
Maju
50
Indonesia
55
88
Vietnam
70
Philipina
Daya
Saing
Daya
Saing
Teknologi
Daya
Serap
Teknologi
Regulasi
TIK
FDI dan
Transfer
Teknologi
Jasa
Seluler
Pengguna Jumlah BroadInternet Komputer band
61
61
48
72
78
72
94
61
65
71
24
100
107
105
100
79
71
54
72
57
114
70
63
79
71
70
52
49
60
50
84
101
70
96
Sri Lanka
77
82
54
45
59
47
102
117
94
98
Kamboja
109
123
109
106
122
94
120
130
128
108
e-Readiness 2008
(Sumber: The Economist Intelligence Unit, 2007)
Negara
Thailand
Philipina
Sri Lanka
Vietnam
Indonesia
Peringkat
Nilai Total
Akses
Bisnis
Sos Bud
Hukum
Kebijakan
47
55
60
65
68
5,22
4,90
4,35
4,03
3,59
3,80
3,20
2,95
2,25
2,30
6,99
6,56
5,80
6,31
6,49
5,07
4,53
4,80
3,80
3,53
5,90
4,50
6,30
4,40
3,20
5,25
5,20
4,10
4,60
3,40
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Adopsi
Bisnis
5,10
5,45
3,70
3,75
3,20
12
Sumber : RPJMN 2009-2010
PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI 7% YANG BERKEADILAN
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Target pertumbuhan ekonomi 7% pada 2014 membutuhkan dana ratarata Rp 2.000 triliun setiap tahun dengan komposisi:
 Pemerintah
: 20%
 Swasta
: 80%
Bagaimana mengamankan 80% dana yang berasal dari swasta?
Kepercayaan kepada
Pemerintah
Reformasi birokrasi
Perbaikan pelayanan publik
Pemberantasan korupsi, dst

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
Iklim Investasi yang
Kondusif
Penyederhanaan prosedur
perijinan
Stabilitas makro ekonomi
Perbaikan sistem logistik
nasional, dst
Dukungan Ketahanan
Sosial
 Pengentasan kemiskinan
 Peningkatan kesehatan
masyarakat
 Peningkatan kualitas
pendidikan, dst
Penguatan Pertahanan
Pembangunan Infrastruktur
Ketahanan Energi
Ketahanan Pangan
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Sumber : Bappenas 2009 paparan RPJMN
MENGAPA FIXED BROADBAND ?
 Mostly dedicated sampai ke last-miles
 Wireless pada umumnya untuk low-traffic
 Infrastruktur Dasar
 Long-term investment
 Public Private Partnership
 Optimalisasi Pemanfaatan Palapa Ring
 Industri Kreatif sangat membutuhkan
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Broadband
for
All
TERIMAKASIH
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