Beef Management

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BEEF
MANAGEMENT
NEXT
The gestation length in beef cattle
is ______.
A
 A.



5 months
B.
B 9 1/2 months
C 283 days
C.
D Both B and C
D.
NEXT
Calves are weaned at what age?
A
 A.



5 months
B.
B 205 days
C 3 months
C.
D 1 year
D.
NEXT
What vaccine is used to prevent
blackleg.
A
 A.



Clostridium Chauvoei
B BVD
B.
C Haemophilsis
C.
D Leptospiros
D.
NEXT
A bottle of ______ should be
available on all farms in case of a
reaction to injections.
A
 A.



Bourbon
B Epinephrine
B.
C Cydectin
C.
D LA 200
D.
Epinephrine is used as an antidote, for animals
suffering from an allergic reaction to an injection.
NEXT
A cow suffering from dystocia is
_____.
A
 A.



Having a problem calving
B.
B In respiratory distress
C In estrus
C.
D doomed
D.
NEXT
How long is the estrus cycle in
cattle?
A
 A.



25 - 28 days
B.
B 1 year
C 9 1/2 months
C.
D 18 - 21 days
D.
NEXT
A good steer calf at weaning
should weigh ______.
A
 A.



500 - 600 pounds
B.
B 300 - 400 pounds
C 900 - 1000 pounds
C.
D 100 - 200 pounds
D.
NEXT
Which will finish quicker heifers,
steers, or bulls?
A
 A.


Heifers
B.
B Steers
C Bulls
C.
NEXT
Ivomec is used to control
______.
A
 A.



Worms
B Lice
B.
C Warts
C.
D Both A & B
D.
Ivomec is very unique in the fact that it controls both
internal and exterior parasites.
NEXT
What does the term green mean?

A
B

C


D
Sickly Appearing
Thin lacking maturity
Too fat
Cattle with grass scours
NEXT
Where do we measure frame size in
cattle?

A

B
C


D
At the grow bone or over the hips
At the top of the animal’s head
From head to tail
From the ground to the bottom of the
animal’s stomach
NEXT
A 12 month old heifer that is 50 inches
tall is approximately what frame size?

A

B
C


D
1-2
3-4
5
6-7
NEXT
All of these things are done when
preconditioning with the exception of
__________.

A

B

C

D
Castrated
Dehorned
Vaccinated
Pregnancy checked
NEXT
What is the average birth weight of a
calf?

A
B

C


D
20-30 lbs
60-80 lbs
90-110 lbs
150-160 lbs
NEXT
How many udder sections does a cow
have?

A

B
C


D
2
1
6
4
NEXT
At what age does the typical producer
wean calves?

A

B
C


D
205 days
180 days
90 days
270 days
NEXT
What is the average gestation length of a
cow?
A

B

C


D
250 days
365 days
283 days
180 days
NEXT
How long is estrus or the time the cow is
actually in heat?

A

B
C


D
2-3 days
18-21 days
1 day
10 days
NEXT
How long is the estrus cycle for a cow?

A

B
C


D
2-3 days
10 days
30 days
18-21 days
NEXT
How long will the average cow be in
lactation?

A

B
C


D
6-8 months
4-6 months
10-12 months
2-4 months
NEXT
A device that is placed on the head of a
bull to mark the cows he has mounted is
called a ___________.

A
B


C

D
Chin-ball marker
Marking harness
Paint stick
Mounting marker
NEXT
A patch placed on the tailhead of a cow
to identify when she has been mounted
or bred is called a ____________.
A

B


C
D

Breeding patch
Marking patch
Kamar patch
KCA patch
NEXT
What does a breech birth mean?
 Calf comes out completely backwards,
A
with just the tail coming out first
 Calf comes out forward with one leg
B
back
 Calf comes out correct
C
D
 Calf comes out forward with both legs
back
NEXT
What is a calf’s normal body
temperature?

A

B
C


D
101.5 degrees F
98.6 degrees F
104 degrees F
106 degrees F
NEXT
What is a calf’s normal respiration rate?

A

B

C

D
5-9 respirations/minute
75 beats/minute
10-30 respirations/minute
50 respirations/minute
NEXT
Relative to nutrition, what does the term
flushing mean?
 Feeding extra protein during breeding
A
season to increase ovulation rate
 Feeding extra energy prior to breeding
B
season to increase ovulation rate
 Removing eggs from a cow during
C
breeding season
D
 Feeding extra water during breeding
season to flush out digestive system
NEXT
A fungal infection that leaves dry round
lesions on the skin is called _________.

A

B

C

D
Foot rot
Round Fungi
Ring worm
Black-leg
NEXT
Which of these is not a permanent form
of identifying cattle?

A
B

C


D
Tattoo
Ear Tags
Microchip
Branding
NEXT
What is a disease caused by consuming metal
products that causes an animal to lose weight and
become unthrifty?

A

B
C


D
Hardware disease
Metal Toxemia
Anorexia
Tetanus
NEXT
What does IBR stand for?

A
B

C


D
International Beef Regulations
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
Illegally Bought Red Polls
Infectious Bull Ringworm
NEXT
All of these are examples of energy feeds
except __________.

A

B
C


D
Soybean Meal
Corn
Oats
Milo
NEXT
A disease that is caused by a bacterial infection that
results in paratuberculosis, diahrrhea, and wasting is
called _________.
A

B

C


D
Black-leg
Brucellosis
Johne’s disease
Mad cow disease
NEXT
A bacterial infection that breaks down
the foot and hoof in cattle is called
_________.

A

B

C

D
Bumble foot
Foot scald
Black-leg
Foot rot
NEXT
A situation where the feet overgrow and
the calf becomes lame due to overeating
is called _________.
A

B


C

D
Black-leg
Acidosis
Founder
Johne’s Disease
NEXT
Which of these is a clostridial disease
that causes death?

A

B
C


D
Johne’s disease
Brucellosis
Pneumonia
Black-leg
NEXT
What is another term for an infection of
the eye?

A
B

C


D
Red eye
Conjunctivitis
Clostridial infection
Goopy eye
NEXT
A more common term for “blue-bag” is
_________.

A

B
C


D
Mastitis
Enterotoxemia
Johne’s Disease
Leptospirosis
NEXT
At what age is the typical calf vaccinated
for Brucellosis?

A
B

C


D
One year of age
1-6 months
7-12 months
1-2 years old
NEXT
What is mad cow disease?
 A disease caused by making bulls
A
mad by waving red flags in front of
them
 A viral infection that causes
B
neurological damage to the animal
C
 A spongiform encephalopathy that
causes neurological damage
D
 A clostridial disease that causes heart
and lung problems
NEXT
What is foot and mouth disease?
 A spongiform encephalopathy that
A
causes neurological damage
 A viral infection that causes watery
B
blisters on mouth, feet, and udders
and is highly contagious
 A non-contagious disease that causes
C
the degeneration of the feet and
mouth
D
 A disease that inhibits reproduction in
cows.
NEXT
All of these are zoonotic disease except
__________.

A

B
C


D
Ringworm
Pinkeye
Undulant Fever
Hardware Disease
NEXT
All of these are compartments of a
ruminant animals stomach except
___________.

A

B

C

D
Rumen
Reticulum
Duodenum
Abomasum
NEXT
What is a creep feed?
 Feed fed to creepy or spooky calves
A
 High energy feed fed to gestating
B
cows
 Feed that is fed to calves still nursing
C
cows
 Feed that is fed to bulls to increase
D
fertility
NEXT
What is the normal percent protein of a
creep feed?

A

B
C


D
8-10%
12-13%
44-46%
16-18%
NEXT
All of these feeds are examples of
protein feeds except ________.

A

B
C


D
Soybean Meal
Cottonseed Meal
Fish Meal
Barley
NEXT
Taking an ink print of the nose is
called ___________.

A

B
C


D
Nose-printing
Ink blotting
Abstract art
Nose-marking
NEXT
What part of the body do ribeye steaks
come from?

A
B

C


D
Loin
Rib
Chuck
Round
NEXT
What part of the body do T-bone steaks
come from?

A

B
C


D
Rib
Sirloin
Short loin
Round
NEXT
What part of the body do sirloin steaks
come from?

A

B
C


D
Short loin
Chuck
Flank
Sirloin
NEXT
What part of the body does hamburger
come from?

A

B
C


D
Round
Sirloin
Chuck
All of the Above
NEXT
What does the term “steep-rumped”
mean?

A
B
C
C.
D.
D
Too much slope from hooks to pins
Not level from loin to rump
A really tall steer, heifer, cow, or bull
Post-legged
NEXT
What does the term “balanced” mean?
 The animal is heavily muscled.
A
 All body parts are proportional to each
B
other.
 The animal is very rugged, deep
C
sided, and short bodied
 The animal looks like it was put
D
together in pieces.
NEXT
What does the term “pinched in the
heart” mean?
 An animal that has a heart valve
A
condition
 An animal that is deep ribbed and has
B
good capacity
 An obvious restriction of the rib cage
C
behind the shoulders or shallow ribbed
 An animal that has a much smaller
D
than usual heart
NEXT
What does the term “easy-fleshing”
mean?
 An animal that is easy to clip or fit with
A
shears
 An open ribbed, high volumed, broody
B
looking cow or heifer that is easy to
feed
 An animal that it is easy to remove the
C
hide or flesh from at the packing plant
 A cow or heifer that is hard to keep
D
weight on
NEXT
What does the term “splay-footed”
mean?
 An animal whose toes turn outward
A
when looking at the front view
 An animal whose toes turn inward
B
when looking at the front view
 An animal whose legs turn inward
C
when looking at the rear view
D
 An animal whose legs turn outward
when looking at the rear view
NEXT
What does the term “pigeon-footed”
mean?
 An animal whose toes turn outward
A
when looking at the front view
 An animal whose legs turn inward
B
when looking at the rear view
 An animal whose toes turn inward
C
when looking at the front view
D
 An animal whose legs curve outward
when looking at the rear view
NEXT
What does the term “bow-legged” mean?
 An inward curvature to the hocks in
A
the rear view
 An outward curvature to the hocks in
B
the rear view
 An animal where the toes are turned
C
inward in the front view
D
 An animal where the toes are turned
outward in the front view
NEXT
What does the term “post-legged” mean?
 An animal that has too much set to the
A
hock and keeps it’s legs way up
underneath body
 An animal that has really skinny and
B
narrow legs
C
 An animal that does not have enough
set to the hock and legs are too
straight up and down
D
 An animal that has very large boned
legs
NEXT
Leptosprosis causes _______.
A
 A.



Scours
B Late term abortions
B.
C Double muscling
C.
D Foot rot
D.
NEXT
How much Ivomec would you
inject your 440 pound steer with?
A
 A.



4 cc’s
B 6 cc’s
B.
C 10 cc’s
C.
D 22 cc’s
D.
The recommended dose for cattle is 1 cc per 110 pounds
of body weight.
NEXT
How many cc’s in a mL of
injectable vaccine?
A
A
2
B
B 4
C
C 5
D
D 1
Medication will normally be sold in mL’s (milliliter).
However most syringes form of measurement is Cc's.
The two are interchangeable at a 1 to 1 rate.
NEXT
LA 200 is used in treatment for
______.
 A.
A



Pneumonia
B.
B Foot rot
C Pinkeye
C.
D All the above
D.
LA 200 is a very popular antibiotic that is used for many
forms of illness. LA 200 continues to work for up to 3 days
making it very popular and only requiring a single shot.
NEXT
A cow should have a calf every
_____.
A
 A.



2 years
B.
B 2 1/2 years
C.
C 12 months
D 5 years
D.
NEXT
What is the ideal market weight
for finished steers?
A
 A.



900 - 1050 pounds
B.
B 1100 - 1250 pounds
C 1300 -1450 pounds
C.
D 1 ton
D.
NEXT
Which gauge needle is the
largest?
A
 A.



20
B 18
B.
C 16
C.
D 14
D.
The most used gauge needles in beef are 16 and 18’s.
NEXT
What are the 3 methods of
administering wormer?
A
 A.



Injection, Oral, Nasal
B Pour on, Oral, Implant
B.
C Nasal, Implant, Injection
C.
D Oral, Injection, Pour on
D.
Pour on is the most popular requiring the least restraint
and time.
NEXT
In Kentucky, what would be the
most ideal cow size on limited
feed supply?
A
 A.



Frame score 4, 900-1000 pounds
B Frame score 6, 1100-1200 pounds
B.
C Frame score 8, 1300-1400 pounds
C.
D Frame score 10, 1500-1600 pounds
D.
NEXT
How long is the estrus period in
beef cattle?
 A
A.
21 days
 B
B. 2 - 3 days
 C
C. 28 days
 D
D. Forever
NEXT
What is a steer’s dressing
percentage?
A
 A.



82%
B.
B 72%
C 62%
C.
D 52%
D.
The old rule of thumb sheep 52%, cattle 62%, and swine 72%
NEXT
Creep feed contains what %
protein?
A
 A.



18-20%
B.
B 12-14%
C 4-6%
C.
D 44-48%
D.
NEXT
How do cattle progress in getting
fat?
A
 A.



Back to front
B.
B Front to back
C Bottom to top
C.
D Inside out
D.
NEXT
What is the purpose of embryo
transfer?
A
 A.



Mass produce a superior mating
B.
B Rest the cow
C Increase the number of calves from
C.
a bull
D Save bull power by inseminating
D.
embryo instead of semen
NEXT
A grazing cow returns what % of
phosphorus to the pasture in the
form of manure?
A
 A.



97%
B 57%
B.
C 37%
C.
D
D.
7%
NEXT
A heifer with excellent fleshing
ability means …
A
 A.



She will flesh good on feed.
B She is fat.
B.
C She will maintain body condition on
C.
limited feed supply.
D There is not enough feed in the
D.
world to make her fat.
NEXT
A balanced calf refers to …
A
 A.



Levelness of top line and neatness
of the front end
B The correct proportions of width,
B.
depth, and length
C.
C Muscle thickness compared to
shoulder thickness
D Relationship between muscle and
D.
fat
NEXT
A stylish heifer would be
_______.
A
 A.



Extremely straight lined with a neat,
smooth, angular fronted.
B Super thick, wide fronted, and open
B.
shouldered.
C.
C Be broken topped and steep
rumped.
D Fined boned and very feminine
D.
fronted.
NEXT
A very sick animal might receive
a shot IV which is where?
A
 A.



In the muscle
B.
B Under the skin
C In the vein
C.
D In the rump
D.
NEXT
A heifer should have a calf at
what age?
A
 A.



1 year
B.
B 18 months
C 24 months
C.
D 3 years
D.
NEXT
Your cow is in standing estrus
this morning. When should you
artificially inseminate her?
A
 A.



2 days after standing estrus
B.
B Instantly upon standing estrus
C 24 hours after standing estrus
C.
D 12 hours after standing estrus
D.
NEXT
What happens when a cow is
super ovulated?
A
 A.



A cow that stays in estrus all the time
B. A cow that always settles on the first
B
mating
C. A cow is induced to produce multiple
C
eggs
D. A cow is used to receive an embryo
D
NEXT
A female that has not given birth
is referred to as a ______.
A
 A.



Old maid
B.
B Steer
C Heifer
C.
D Cow
D.
NEXT
The average body temperature is
______F.
A
 A.



98.6
B.
B 100
C 101.5
C.
D 102.3
D.
NEXT
A baby calf will usually weigh
______ at birth.
A
 A.



100-120 pounds
B.
B 140-160 pounds
C 60-80 pounds
C.
D 40-60 pounds
D.
NEXT
A heifer twin to a bull is referred
to as a _____.
A
 A.



Big sister
B.
B Little sister
C Step sister
C.
D Free martin
D.
NEXT
A shot delivered SQ would end
up where?
A
 A.



In the muscle
B.
B Under the skin
C In the vein
C.
D In the mouth
D.
NEXT
How old should a heifer be when
bred for the first time?
A
 A.



2 years
B.
B 1 year
C 8 months
C.
D 15 months
D.
NEXT
What is FSH?
A
 A.



Female sure heat
B Follicle stimulating hormone
B.
C For sure heat
C.
D Finished steers
D.
NEXT
Why would you use FSH?
A
 A.



Stimulate estrus
B Super ovulation
B.
C Stop estrus cycle
C.
D Patch a fence
D.
NEXT
Why would you use MGA?
A
 A.



Suppress estrus period
B Super ovulation
B.
C Increase milk production
C.
D Aid in calving
D.
NEXT
A castrated male is referred to as
a ______.
A
 A.



Steer
B.
B Wether
C Bull
C.
D Barrow
D.
NEXT
A Donor cow is used to _____.
A
 A.



Super ovulate for embryo transfer
B.
B Receive embryo’s
C Tease the bull before breeding
C.
season
D.
D Raise an orphan calf
NEXT
Which accuracy would make the
EPD’s the most accurate?
A
 A.



.28
B .54
B.
C .90
C.
D .67
D.
NEXT
A medication has a 10 day
withdrawal which means ...
A
 A.



The medicine will work for 10 days
B.
B The treated animal cannot be sold
for human consumption for 10 days
C The treated animal will have a drug
C.
residue for 10 days
D The medication has 10 days or less
D.
to be used
NEXT
If you inject a calf IM where does
the medication go?
A
 A.



In the muscle
B.
B Under the skin
C In the vein
C.
D Up side the head
D.
NEXT
Which area should an IM
injection be given?
A
 A.



Neck
B Rump
B.
C Middle of the back
C.
D Next to the tail
D.
NEXT
What product is implanted in the
cow’s reproductive track to
suppress estrus?
A
 A.



Bovatec
C.
B Ruminsin
C CIDR (Seeder)
C.
D MGA (Heat stop)
D.
CIDR pronounced “seeder” is used in many herds as a very
effective method of suppressing estrus. CIDR allows herds
to synchronize AI matings and the resulting calving season.
CIDR is implanted while MGA is fed.
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