Mung Production

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Welcome
Varieties and Production
technologies of Mungbean for
R-W-Mungbean Pattern
1
Presented by
Md. Omar Ali
Senior Scientific Officer
Pulses Research Centre
Bangladesh
Institute
Agricultural
Research
Importance of Mungbean
• most important considering both area and
production
• mainly cultivated after harvesting of Rabi crops
• can fit in as a cash crop between major cropping
patterns
• shows increasing trend in productivity
• Added substantial amount of nitrogen and other
nutrients to the succeeding non-legume crops
Nutrient Supply from Different Organic Materials
Organic materials
Nutrient supply (kg) from 1 ton biomass
N
P
K
Cowdung
4.5
1.5
5.0
Farmyard manure
3.0
0.7
2.5
Poultry manure
11.5
10.5
7.0
Compost
2.5
1.0
3.0
Mustard oilcake
25.5
4.0
5.0
Sesame oilcake
31.5
4.5
5.0
Dhaincha
2.5
0.3
2.0
Mungbean residues
4.5
0.5
4.5
Rice straw
2.0
0.5
6.5
Wheat straw
3.0
0.5
5.5
BARI Released Varieties of Mungbean
Name of
varieties
Source
Varietals characteristics
BARIMung-1 Local Selection Photo-sensitive, YMV & CLS susceptible
(M-7706)
BARIMung-2
Introduction
Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant
BARIMung-3
Local Cross
Local Cross
Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant
BARIMung-4
Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant
BARIMung-5 BARI-AVRDC Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant
Synchronous maturity and bold seed
BARIMung-6 BARI-AVRDC Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant,
Synchronous maturity and bold seed
Mungbean varieties developed by PRC, BARI
BARImung-1
(1982): 1 t/ha
BARImung-2
(1987): 1.2 t/ha
BARImung-3
(1996): 1.3 t/ha
BARImung-4
(1996): 1.4 t/ha
BARImung-5
(1997): 1.7 t/ha
BARImung-6
(2003): 1.8 t/ha
14
Mungbean
Characteristics
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Introduced from Philippine (M-7715)
Released: 1987
Plant height: 45-52 cm
1000 Seed wt.:25.33gm
Duration:65-70 days
Tolerant to YMV & CLS
Photo Insensitive
Protein: 22.56%, CHO: 46.15%
Head Dhal yield: 76.1%
Cooking Time: 15 min
Yield :1.1-1.35 t/ha
Head Dhal- Intact cotyledon after splitting using traditional method of dehulling
Characteristics
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Developed from crossing between
Sonamung and BARIMung-2
Released: 1996
Plant height: 50-55cm
1000 Seed wt.:29.4 gm
Duration:60-65 days
Tolerant to YMV & CLS
Photo Insensitive
Protein: 20.81%, CHO: 49.53%
Head dhal Yield: 67.5%
Cooking Time: 15 min
Yield :1-1.3 t/h
Mungbean
Mungbean
Characteristics
 Developed from local cross
(BMX 841121)
 Released: 1996
 Plant height: 52-57 cm
 1000 Seed wt.: 31.9gm
 Duration:60-65 days
 Resistant to YMV & CLS
 Photo Insensitive
 Protein:23.1% , CHO: 51.32%
 Head dhal Yield: 68%
 Cooking Time: 17 min
 Yield :1.1-1.3 t/h
Mungbean
Characteristics
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Introduced from AVRDC (NM- 92)
Released: 1997
Plant height: 41-46 cm
1000 Seed wt.: 41.9 gm
Duration: 58-60 days
Resistant to YMV & CLS
Photo Insensitive
Protein: 20.93%, CHO: 49.46%
Head dhal Yield: 68%
Cooking Time: 18 min
Quite Synchrony in maturity
Yield :1.4-1.45 t/ha
Mungbean
Characteristics
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Introduced from AVRDC (NM- 94)
Released: 2003
Plant height: 40-45 cm
1000 Seed wt.: 51.0 gm
Duration:55-60 days
Tolerant to YMV & CLS
Photo Insensitive
Protein: 21.2%, CHO: 46.8%
Head dhal Yield: 67.2%
Cooking Time: 18 min
Synchrony in maturity & late
potentiality
Yield : 1.6 – 2.0 t/ha
BARI, 2003
BARImung-6
Seeds of BARImung-1,2,3,4,5& 6
1 2 3 4 5 6
Cropping Season and Existing Cropping Systems
i)
ii)
T. aman rice - Mung -T. aus = Late Rabi
T. aman -Vegetable/Winter crop-Mung = Kharif-1
Alternate- (i) Early rabi crops/SugarcaneMung -T.aus/T.aman
(ii) Sugarcane + 2nd intercrop
iii) Aus/Jute-Mung - Fallow = Kharif-II
Alternate - Aus/Jute-Mung - Rabi crops
New potential cropping system
By the inclusion of BARImung-6,the
improved cropping pattern, wheatmungbean - rice has been developed,
which rotations can boosts farm
productivity and soil fertility is also
improved to benefit the succeeding
crops.
Hilly areas: 1.56 M ha
Char land: 0.83 M ha
Hill Agriculture
Coastal area with high saline:
0.88 M ha
High barind tract with drought:
0.30 M ha
53
• Soil :Highly drained, upland and loomy soil
• Land Preparation:1-2 plowing and laddering
• Date of Sowing: Mid March – 1st week of April
• Variety: BARI Mung -5, BARI Mung-6,
•
BU Mung -4, BINA Mung 5 and BINA
•
Mung-8
• Seed Rate : 18 kg/ha (S) and 22 kg/ha (B)
• Sowing method: Broadcast/Line sowing
Cont’d
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Fertilizer: 20-40-20-1.5 kg/haof NPKB
Weeding and Thing: 15-20 DAE
Irrigation : Pre and Post sowing
Drainage: If need
Pod Picking: During blackish in color
Disease and Insect management :
Farmer’s field demonstration
Production of grain
Table -1: Two years (2002-03 & 2003-04) pooled
results of yield of rice-wheat and mungbean over
location
Cropping
Pattern
Yield (t/ha)
Ishurdi
Rajshahi
Rice
(BINA-4)
Wheat
(Shatabdi)
Mung
(BARI-6)
Rice
(BINA-4)
Wheat
(Shatabdi)
Mung
(BARI-6)
RiceWheatMung
5.0
3.3
1.5
4.8
3.5
1.4
RicewheatFallow
4.6
3.1
-
4.3
3.2
-
Improvement of soil health:
It will be break cereal based mono-culture in the
cropping system. After two picking of pod it provides
8-10 t/ha green/brown bio-mass which improved soil
health through recycling organic matter.
Table -2 : Effect of BARImung-6 cultivation on
nutrient status of soil at PRC, Ishurdi
OM
Situation (%)
Total N (%) K
P
(m.e./ 100 g soil) (µ gram/gram
soil)
Before
2.41
0.12
0.38
20.55
After
2.55
0.14
0.40
22.52
Utilization of fallow land
After wheat maximum lands remains
fallow up to monsoon rice. But by the
inclusion of BARImung-6, 75% lands of
wheat can easily be brought under
mungbean cultivation.
Mungbean for nutritional food security
It is a protein rich pulse crop which contents
21.8% protein, 46.8% carbohydrate
and
other nutrient elements. But at presently only
12 grams of pulse per capita per day are
consumed against 45 grams due to
unavailability of pulses. In this context,
additional production of mungbean not only
provided dal but also nutritious food like
mugankur and fried dal etc. are to be
produced.
Creation of Job opportunity
Picking of mungbean pod creates a job
opportunity especially to the rural
women and children in their idle time.
Employment opportunity for women
through harvesting of mungbean pods
Mungbean Pod Pickers to Home
Weighing of harvested mungbean pods
(BARImung-6)
Income generation
It was estimated that by picking mungbean
pod about Tk 150-200/day/person can be
earned. Additional production of mungbean
may be use as value aided product which
provide 3- 4 times income over raw
mungbean and small industry will be
developed which will increase income of the
people.
Poverty alleviation
Creation of job and increase income
will be help full poverty alleviation.
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