Welcome Varieties and Production technologies of Mungbean for R-W-Mungbean Pattern 1 Presented by Md. Omar Ali Senior Scientific Officer Pulses Research Centre Bangladesh Institute Agricultural Research Importance of Mungbean • most important considering both area and production • mainly cultivated after harvesting of Rabi crops • can fit in as a cash crop between major cropping patterns • shows increasing trend in productivity • Added substantial amount of nitrogen and other nutrients to the succeeding non-legume crops Nutrient Supply from Different Organic Materials Organic materials Nutrient supply (kg) from 1 ton biomass N P K Cowdung 4.5 1.5 5.0 Farmyard manure 3.0 0.7 2.5 Poultry manure 11.5 10.5 7.0 Compost 2.5 1.0 3.0 Mustard oilcake 25.5 4.0 5.0 Sesame oilcake 31.5 4.5 5.0 Dhaincha 2.5 0.3 2.0 Mungbean residues 4.5 0.5 4.5 Rice straw 2.0 0.5 6.5 Wheat straw 3.0 0.5 5.5 BARI Released Varieties of Mungbean Name of varieties Source Varietals characteristics BARIMung-1 Local Selection Photo-sensitive, YMV & CLS susceptible (M-7706) BARIMung-2 Introduction Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant BARIMung-3 Local Cross Local Cross Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant BARIMung-4 Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant BARIMung-5 BARI-AVRDC Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant Synchronous maturity and bold seed BARIMung-6 BARI-AVRDC Photo-insensitive, YMV & CLS tolerant, Synchronous maturity and bold seed Mungbean varieties developed by PRC, BARI BARImung-1 (1982): 1 t/ha BARImung-2 (1987): 1.2 t/ha BARImung-3 (1996): 1.3 t/ha BARImung-4 (1996): 1.4 t/ha BARImung-5 (1997): 1.7 t/ha BARImung-6 (2003): 1.8 t/ha 14 Mungbean Characteristics Introduced from Philippine (M-7715) Released: 1987 Plant height: 45-52 cm 1000 Seed wt.:25.33gm Duration:65-70 days Tolerant to YMV & CLS Photo Insensitive Protein: 22.56%, CHO: 46.15% Head Dhal yield: 76.1% Cooking Time: 15 min Yield :1.1-1.35 t/ha Head Dhal- Intact cotyledon after splitting using traditional method of dehulling Characteristics Developed from crossing between Sonamung and BARIMung-2 Released: 1996 Plant height: 50-55cm 1000 Seed wt.:29.4 gm Duration:60-65 days Tolerant to YMV & CLS Photo Insensitive Protein: 20.81%, CHO: 49.53% Head dhal Yield: 67.5% Cooking Time: 15 min Yield :1-1.3 t/h Mungbean Mungbean Characteristics Developed from local cross (BMX 841121) Released: 1996 Plant height: 52-57 cm 1000 Seed wt.: 31.9gm Duration:60-65 days Resistant to YMV & CLS Photo Insensitive Protein:23.1% , CHO: 51.32% Head dhal Yield: 68% Cooking Time: 17 min Yield :1.1-1.3 t/h Mungbean Characteristics Introduced from AVRDC (NM- 92) Released: 1997 Plant height: 41-46 cm 1000 Seed wt.: 41.9 gm Duration: 58-60 days Resistant to YMV & CLS Photo Insensitive Protein: 20.93%, CHO: 49.46% Head dhal Yield: 68% Cooking Time: 18 min Quite Synchrony in maturity Yield :1.4-1.45 t/ha Mungbean Characteristics Introduced from AVRDC (NM- 94) Released: 2003 Plant height: 40-45 cm 1000 Seed wt.: 51.0 gm Duration:55-60 days Tolerant to YMV & CLS Photo Insensitive Protein: 21.2%, CHO: 46.8% Head dhal Yield: 67.2% Cooking Time: 18 min Synchrony in maturity & late potentiality Yield : 1.6 – 2.0 t/ha BARI, 2003 BARImung-6 Seeds of BARImung-1,2,3,4,5& 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 Cropping Season and Existing Cropping Systems i) ii) T. aman rice - Mung -T. aus = Late Rabi T. aman -Vegetable/Winter crop-Mung = Kharif-1 Alternate- (i) Early rabi crops/SugarcaneMung -T.aus/T.aman (ii) Sugarcane + 2nd intercrop iii) Aus/Jute-Mung - Fallow = Kharif-II Alternate - Aus/Jute-Mung - Rabi crops New potential cropping system By the inclusion of BARImung-6,the improved cropping pattern, wheatmungbean - rice has been developed, which rotations can boosts farm productivity and soil fertility is also improved to benefit the succeeding crops. Hilly areas: 1.56 M ha Char land: 0.83 M ha Hill Agriculture Coastal area with high saline: 0.88 M ha High barind tract with drought: 0.30 M ha 53 • Soil :Highly drained, upland and loomy soil • Land Preparation:1-2 plowing and laddering • Date of Sowing: Mid March – 1st week of April • Variety: BARI Mung -5, BARI Mung-6, • BU Mung -4, BINA Mung 5 and BINA • Mung-8 • Seed Rate : 18 kg/ha (S) and 22 kg/ha (B) • Sowing method: Broadcast/Line sowing Cont’d • • • • • • Fertilizer: 20-40-20-1.5 kg/haof NPKB Weeding and Thing: 15-20 DAE Irrigation : Pre and Post sowing Drainage: If need Pod Picking: During blackish in color Disease and Insect management : Farmer’s field demonstration Production of grain Table -1: Two years (2002-03 & 2003-04) pooled results of yield of rice-wheat and mungbean over location Cropping Pattern Yield (t/ha) Ishurdi Rajshahi Rice (BINA-4) Wheat (Shatabdi) Mung (BARI-6) Rice (BINA-4) Wheat (Shatabdi) Mung (BARI-6) RiceWheatMung 5.0 3.3 1.5 4.8 3.5 1.4 RicewheatFallow 4.6 3.1 - 4.3 3.2 - Improvement of soil health: It will be break cereal based mono-culture in the cropping system. After two picking of pod it provides 8-10 t/ha green/brown bio-mass which improved soil health through recycling organic matter. Table -2 : Effect of BARImung-6 cultivation on nutrient status of soil at PRC, Ishurdi OM Situation (%) Total N (%) K P (m.e./ 100 g soil) (µ gram/gram soil) Before 2.41 0.12 0.38 20.55 After 2.55 0.14 0.40 22.52 Utilization of fallow land After wheat maximum lands remains fallow up to monsoon rice. But by the inclusion of BARImung-6, 75% lands of wheat can easily be brought under mungbean cultivation. Mungbean for nutritional food security It is a protein rich pulse crop which contents 21.8% protein, 46.8% carbohydrate and other nutrient elements. But at presently only 12 grams of pulse per capita per day are consumed against 45 grams due to unavailability of pulses. In this context, additional production of mungbean not only provided dal but also nutritious food like mugankur and fried dal etc. are to be produced. Creation of Job opportunity Picking of mungbean pod creates a job opportunity especially to the rural women and children in their idle time. Employment opportunity for women through harvesting of mungbean pods Mungbean Pod Pickers to Home Weighing of harvested mungbean pods (BARImung-6) Income generation It was estimated that by picking mungbean pod about Tk 150-200/day/person can be earned. Additional production of mungbean may be use as value aided product which provide 3- 4 times income over raw mungbean and small industry will be developed which will increase income of the people. Poverty alleviation Creation of job and increase income will be help full poverty alleviation.