Strokes and Turns Judge

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JUDGE OF STROKE,
INSPECTOR OF TURNS &
HEAD LANE TIMEKEEPER
January 2011
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For your information …
Judge of Stroke
Stroke Judge
Chief Stroke Judge
Turn Judge
Judge of Turns
Inspector of Turns
Strokes and Turns Judge
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The Judge of Stroke
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Function of Judge of Stroke
1. Inspect the technique of the competitor
2. Observe the turns and the finishes to assist the
inspector of turns
3. Note all infractions, disqualify offenders
4. Inform referee and/or Technical Advisor (TA) if
a Para swimmer of any disqualifications
5. Within 15 minutes shall inform the competitor
and/or coach (if so instructed by the referee)
6. May be assigned extra duty of assisting judging
relay take-overs
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Judge of Stroke
Judge of Stroke
Turns Judge
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Function of Inspector of Turns
1. Observe the swimmer,
•
•
Commencing from the beginning of the last armstroke before
touching and ending with the completion of the first
armstroke after turning
During the “touch”
2. Note all infractions, disqualify offenders
3. Inform referee of any disqualifications (and TA if Para
swimmer)
4. Within 15 minutes shall inform the competitor and/or
coach (if so instructed by the referee)
5. Judge relay takeovers
6. Ring bells on 800/1500s
7. Operate lap-counters at turn end for 800/1500s if
requested by swimmer, coach, or referee
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Judge of Stroke
Turns Judges
Judge of Stroke
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However …
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When serving as
both you should
be positioned to
move between
the side and the
end of the pool.
Strokes and Turns Judge
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More typical is to
find Strokes and
Turns Judges
observing the turn
end of the pool.
Strokes and Turns Judge
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Filling out the Card
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Write DQ clearly across the front of the card.
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Filling out the Card
1:25 pm
On the back of the card,
• Write the time of the occurrence
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Filling out the Card
1:25 pm
at 50 m
On the back of the card,
• Write the time of the occurrence
• Write the distance at which the DQ occurred
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Filling out the Card
1:25 pm
at 50 m
Non-simultaneous touch at the turn
On the back of the card,
• Write the time of the occurrence
• Write the distance at which the DQ occurred
• Use correct wording to describe the DQ
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Filling out the Card
1:25 pm
at 50 m
Non-simultaneous touch at the turn
Bob Marley
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On the back of the card,
• Write the time of the occurrence
• Write the distance at which the DQ occurred
• Use correct wording to describe the DQ
• Sign the card; Print Your Name
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Disqualification Form
At Cardless Meets,
• Typically a form with specific locations to be completed
• Including,
• The Event number
• The Heat number
• The Lane number
• Swimmer’s name (used in Ontario –
but not at Nationals or Trials)
• The time of the occurrence
• The distance at which the DQ occurred
• Use correct wording to describe the DQ
• Sign the card
• Present to Referee and/or TA if Para swimmer
• Ensure swimmer or coach has been told
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Head Lane Timer
A Head Lane Timer is a Timer
who is also
Strokes and Turns Certified.
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Judge of Stroke
Assistant
Chief Timer
Marshalling
Area
{
Timers {
Timers {
Timers {
Timers {
Timers {
Timers
Chief Timer
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Strokes
And
Turns
Judge of Stroke
Head Lane Timer
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Head Lane Timer
Responsibilities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Checking the swimmer’s name for each heat
Checking that swimmers are competing in relays in the order
stated on the card or lane sheet
Taking splits – ensuring that 3 times (splits) are taken on
the first leg of a relay
Ringing the bell on distance events
Judge relay take-over
These are duties which the
Head Lane Timer
may assign
prior to the start of the meet.
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Head Lane Timer
Additional Responsibilities
 Ensuring no one touches the timing pads
 Ensure 3 manual times are collected for swimmers in senior
events and for swimmers with disabilities
 Long Distance Events (800m and 1500m events)
 Verify completed lengths with Chief Timer
 Ensure split time for each lap is recorded
 Bell is rung
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o
With 2 lengths + 5 meters remaining
o
Over the right hand lane marker
o
Continuously from wall approach to the backstroke
flags
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Did you know?
Swimmer may …
• Stop and stand on the bottom of the pool only in
freestyle
• Hang on to the lane rope (to catch their breath) only in
freestyle
• Come back under the lane rope if they have moved to
an incorrect lane (provided in breaststroke they take
only one stroke)
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However,
Swimmer may not …
• Walk on the bottom of the pool
• Push off from the bottom of the pool
• Pull on the lane markers
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Overview of all
Strokes
The Start
The Stroke
The Turn
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Overview of all
Strokes
Note: The rules are extensively modified for
Para Swimming. Please refer to the Para
Appendix at the end of this slide set for the
Para specific rules.
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Overview of all
Strokes
For Masters Swimming, the
following general rule applies.
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Strokes
Masters Swimming Only
CMSW 2.1.6 The referee should note that some Masters
swimmers through age or infirmity, may be unable to adhere
strictly to the technicalities of the rules, such as symmetry in
breaststroke.
In these cases, the theory of illegally gaining an unfair
advantage shall apply before a disqualification is declared.
The swimmer shall be responsible for notifying the session
referee of any such infirmity before the start of the race.
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Breaststroke SW 7
The Start
Head must break the surface of the water
by the time the arms have reached the widest portion
of the second arm pull. Each stroke cycle must contain one pull and one
kick in that order. During each cycle some part of the swimmer’s head
must break the surface of the water.
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Breaststroke SW 7
Butterfly during Start/Turn
A butterfly kick is NOT part of the breaststroke cycle and is ONLY permitted
after the start and at each turn:
1. Must be initiated during the first arm pull – i.e., between time hands
separate from streamlining until they reach maximum extension past
hips
2. Must be followed by a breaststroke kick
1.
2.
Note: Swimmer does not have to be submerged during butterfly any more!
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
The arm pull must not go beyond the hips
(except for the first underwater pull)
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
The elbows shall remain under the water
except for ….
… the final stroke before the turn, during the
turn and for the final stroke at the finish.
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
Watch that the head
surfaces once per stroke
cycle. There must not
be any water flowing
over the head.
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
Watch that the feet are
turned outward in the
backward movement.
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
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Breaststroke
The Stroke
One more time …
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Watch that all
movements of the arms
are simultaneous and in
the same horizontal
plane.
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Breaststroke
The Turn
Watch for a
simultaneous two hand
touch.
Head may be
submerged.
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Breaststroke
The Turn
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Breaststroke
The Turn
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Breaststroke
The Turn
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Breaststroke
The Turn
A butterfly kick is NOT part of the breaststroke cycle and is ONLY permitted
after the start and at each turn:
1. Must be initiated during the first arm pull – i.e., between time hands
separate from streamlining until they reach maximum extension past
hips
2. Must be followed by a breaststroke kick
Watch for any
alternating
movement.
One more time …
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Breaststroke
Questions?
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Backstroke SW 6
The Start
The head must have broken the surface not
more than 15m after the start or turn.
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Backstroke
The Stroke
Watch for movement
beyond the 90 degree
vertical.
Legal
Legal
Legal
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Backstroke
The Stroke
Watch for movement
beyond the 90 degree
vertical.
Not Legal
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Backstroke
The Turn
Kicking into the turn
is still allowed.
During the turn, the swimmer may come in
on their back, touch the wall and leave on
their back.
… or the swimmer may roll over
into a freestyle turn using a
single or double arm pull, as
long as it is part of a continuous
turning action.
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… or the swimmer may roll on
to the breast and without a glide
grab the wall if he is too close to
make the turn. The swimmer
must leave on their back .
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Backstroke
The Turn
Once the pull is complete, that
is, the hand has reached full
extension past the hipline, the
turn must be initiated.
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Backstroke
The Turn
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Backstroke
The Turn
There is no disqualification for
the lifting of the head during
the continuous turn.
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Backstroke
The Turn
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Backstroke
The Turn
When executing the turn, there
must be a touch of the wall with
some part of the body.
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Backstroke
The Turn
The swimmer must leave on their
back.
One more time …
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Backstroke
The Turn
Once the pull is complete, that
is, the hand has reached full
extension past the hipline, the
turn must be initiated.
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Backstroke
Masters
Swimming
Sometimes the swimmer turns on his chest as he approaches the wall,
grabs the wall, brings his feet up against the wall under him and pushes
off on his back to continue the race. This is judged legal.
If the swimmer takes an arm stroke after turning onto his/her front,
then grabs the wall and pushes off on his/her back, this is an infraction.
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Backstroke
The Finish
Upon the finish of the race the swimmer
MUST touch the wall while on the back.
The body may be submerged at the touch.
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Backstroke
Questions?
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Butterfly SW 8
The Start
Watch that the swimmer takes no more than one
arm pull while totally submerged. This must
bring the swimmer to the surface.
There is no limit on the number of
butterfly kicks executed.
The head must have broken the surface not
more than 15m after the start or turn.
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Butterfly
The Stroke
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Butterfly
The Stroke
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Butterfly
The Stroke
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Butterfly
The Stroke
Both arms must be brought forward together over
the water and brought backward simultaneously
throughout the race (subject to the start and turns).
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Butterfly
The Stroke
All up and down movements of the
legs must be simultaneous.
The position of the legs or feet
need not be on the same level,
but they shall not alternate in
relation to each other.
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Butterfly
The Stroke
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Butterfly
The Stroke
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Butterfly
The Stroke
One more time …
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Butterfly
The Stroke - Arms
Arm Recovery is over
the general water level.
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Butterfly
The Stroke - Arms
Arm Recovery is not
over the water.
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Butterfly
The Stroke - Legs
One leg is allowed to be carried
higher than the other.
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Butterfly
The Stroke - Legs
Alternating kick (flutter)
is not allowed.
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Butterfly
The Turn
Watch for the two hand,
simultaneous touch.
Arms must be recovered over
the water on the touch.
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This picture shows an
underwater recovery
which is NOT permitted
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Butterfly
Masters
Swimming
Only
The only difference is that Masters’ Swimmers
are permitted to do the whip kick and/or the
butterfly kick.
More senior butterfly swimmers may sometimes have
difficulty with arm recovery over the water: hands and
elbows are acceptable in this instance.
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Butterfly
Questions?
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Freestyle SW 5
The Start
The head must have broken the surface
not more than 15m after the start or turn.
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Freestyle
The Turn
Watch that the swimmer touches
the end wall with some part of the
body during the turn.
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Freestyle
The Turn
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Freestyle
The Turn
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Freestyle
The Turn
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Freestyle
The Turn
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Freestyle
The Turn
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Freestyle
Questions?
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Individual Medley SW 9.1
Fly
All strokes, turns and finishes
must be
performed within the
rules assigned to
that stroke.
Back
Breast
Free
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Watch that strokes are
swum in proper sequence.
(MUST be any stroke
other than Fly, Back or Breast)
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Medley Relay SW 9.2
Back
All strokes, turns and finishes
must be
performed within the
rules assigned to
that stroke.
Breast
Fly
Free
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Watch that swimmer and
strokes are swum in proper
sequence.
(MUST be any stroke other
than Fly, Back or Breast)
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Medley Relay Takeovers
• Swimmer may start from the blocks or the pool deck.
• If warranted, the swimmer may start in the water (water depth
or para-swimmer).
• The person starting may be in motion as the swimmer arrives.
• The person starting may not lose contact with block until the
arriving swimmer touches the wall.
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Medley Races
Watch that the swimmers swim in the proper sequence.
Any other order is an infraction.
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Overview of all
Strokes
Para Appendix
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Breaststroke SW 7
Additional Para Rules
Stroke
IPC SM 7.4.1 A swimmer who has affected leg/s and/or foot/feet
must show intent of simultaneous movement and the swimmer who
has affected leg/legs and/or foot/feet must show intent to kick in the
same horizontal plane.
IPC SM 7.5.1 A swimmer who is unable to use both legs and/or
foot/feet to gain normal propulsion shall not be required to turn the
affected foot outwards during the propulsive part of the kick.
IPC SM 7.5.2 A swimmer who is unable to use both legs and/or feet
to gain normal propulsion may trail or drag the leg/s
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Breaststroke SW 7
Additional Para Rules
IPC SM 7.6.1 At each turn and the finish of the race where a swimmer has
different arm lengths only the longer arm must touch the wall, but both arms
must be stretched forward simultaneously.
IPC SM 7.6.2 A swimmer with upper limbs too short to stretch above the head
shall touch the wall with any part of the upper body when turning and
finishing.
IPC SM 7.6.3 At each turn and the finish of the race, where a swimmer uses
only one arm for the stroke cycle the swimmer shall be required to touch with
one hand/arm only.
IPC SM 7.6.3 At each turn and the finish of the race, where a swimmer uses
only one arm for the stroke cycle the swimmer shall be required to touch with
one hand/arm only.
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Breaststroke SW 7
Additional Para Rules
Stroke
IPC SM 7.6.4 At each turn and the finish of the race, where the swimmer who
uses both arms but has restriction in the shoulder/elbow only the longer arm
must touch the wall, but both arms must be stretched forward simultaneously.
IPC SM 7.6.5 Swimmers with a with visual impairment classification SB11
and SB12 may have difficulty making a simultaneously touch, at the turn and
the finish if he/she is restricted due to contact with the lane rope, the swimmer
shall not be disqualified provided that no advantage was gained.
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Breaststroke SW 7
Additional Para Rules
Stroke
IPC SM 7.7.1 In the case where there is a non-functional arm, one
arm stroke shall constitute a full stroke when completed with the
remaining parts.
IPC SM 7.7.2 When a swimmer does not have any legs or arms or
parts thereof, either the kick or the respective arm stroke shall
constitute a complete stroke.
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Breaststroke SW 7
Additional Para Rules
Turns
IPC SM 7.1.1 After the start and after each turn, a swimmer who is
unable to push off with the leg/s, may perform one arm stroke that
may not be simultaneous or on the horizontal plane to attain the
breast position. IPC 3.4.1.1
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Backstroke SW6
Additional Para Rules
Start
IPC SM 6.1.3 Class S1, S2 and S3 swimmers are permitted to have
their foot/feet held to the wall, until the starting signal is given.
Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and
shall result in a false start.
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Backstroke SW6
Additional Para Rules
Start
IPC SM 6.1.1 Swimmers unable to use the starting grips shall be
permitted to use the end of the pool.
IPC SM 6.1.2 Where a swimmer is unable to grip the poolside, the
swimmer may by assisted by a support staff or supporting devise. The
dev-ice shall be cleared and deemed safe by the technical
delegate/assistant technical delegate and/or technical adviser prior to
the commencement of the competition. Giving momentum to the
swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start.
The swimmer shall have part of the body in contact with the wall until
the starting signal is given.
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Backstroke SW6
Additional Para Rules
Start
IPC SM 6.4.1 For the swimmer who has no arms or use of his/her
arms during the turn, once the body has left the position on the back,
there shall be no kick that is independent of the continuous turning
action. The swimmer must have returned to a position on the back
upon leaving the wall. When executing the turn there must be a touch
of the wall with some part of the swimmer’s body.
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Butterfly SW 8
Additional Para Rules
Start
IPC SM 8.1.1 After the start and after each turn, a swimmer who is
unable to push off with the leg/s, may perform one arm stroke that
may not be simultaneous or on the horizontal plane to attain the
breast position.
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Butterfly SW 8
Additional Para Rules
Arms
IPC SM 8.2.1 Swimmers with a visual impairment classification S11 and S12
may have difficulty making a simultaneously recovery of the arms during the
stroke cycle if they are restricted due to contact with the lane rope, the swimmer
shall not be disqualified provided that no advantage was gained.
IPC SM 8.2.2 In the case where an arm or part of an arm is missing, one arm
stroke shall constitute a full stroke when completed with the remaining parts.
IPC SM 8.2.3 In the case where there is a non-functional arm, one arm stroke
shall constitute a full stroke when completed with the remaining parts.
IPC SM 8.2.4 In the case where there are non-functional arms all movements
of the legs shall constitute a full stroke.
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Butterfly SW 8
Additional Para Rules
Legs
IPC SM 8.3 …….. Swimmers with a disability are permitted to use a
breaststroke kick.
IPC SM 8.3.1 In the case where there are no legs or non functional legs, the
legs shall drag.
IPC SM 8.2.3 In the case where there is a non-functional arm, one arm stroke
shall constitute a full stroke when completed with the remaining parts.
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Butterfly SW 8
Additional Para Rules
Turns
IPC SM 8.4.1 At each turn and the finish of the race where a swimmer has
different arm lengths only the longer arm must touch the wall, but both arms
must be stretched forward simultaneously. The shoulders shall remain in the
horizontal plane until the touch has been made.
IPC SM 8.4.2 A swimmer with no or non functional upper limbs or upper limbs
too short to stretch above the head, the swimmer shall touch the wall with any
part of the upper body when turning and finishing.
IPC SM 8.4.3 At each turn and the finish of the race, where a swimmer uses
one arm for the stroke cycle the swimmer shall be required to touch with one
hand/arm only.
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Butterfly SW 8
Additional Para Rules
Turns
IPC SM 8.4.4 At each turn and the finish of the race, where the swimmer who
uses both arms but has restriction in the shoulder/elbow only the longer arm
must touch the wall, but both arms must be stretched forward simultaneously.
IPC SM 8.4.5 Swimmers with a visual impairment classification S11 and S12
may have difficulty making a simultaneously touch at the turn and finish if
they are restricted due to contact with the lane rope, the swimmer shall not be
disqualified provided that no advantage was gained.
IPC SM 8.4.6 At the turn and finish, swimmers with no leg function may
perform a half stroke with the arm/s recovering forward under the surface of
the water, in order to contact the wall.
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Individual Medley SW 9.1
Back
Breast
Free
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Additional Para Rules
Medley
IPC SM 9.1.1 In the 150m individual
medley events, the swimmer covers three
swimming strokes in the following order:
Backstroke, Breaststroke and Freestyle.
(MUST be any stroke other
than Fly, Back or Breast)
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Questionnaire
Please take 30 minutes to complete the questionnaire
•
•
•
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Please use the answer sheet provided.
We will use the questionnaire for the correct answers.
Remember! There may be one or more correct answers
for each question.
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1. The Judge of Stroke has
authority/responsibility to:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
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Also serve as a Inspector of Turns;
Disqualify swimmers for any infraction of the stroke
rules which he observes within his assigned zone;
Serve as lane timer, if so assigned;
If directed by the Referee, inform the swimmer or
his coach of each disqualification and provide the
rationale for the DQ;
Advise swimmers of incorrect/inefficient technique;
Inform the swimmer before he completes his race
that he is going to be disqualified;
Confer with the Referee / TA or other Judges of
Stroke as necessary.
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2. The Inspector of Turns has the
authority/responsibility to:
a)
b)
c)
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Observe and judge the legality of the ‘approach’, the
touch and ‘push-off’ of each turn in his designated lanes;
Disqualify swimmers for infractions of the Turn Rules
which he observes within his assigned zone;
Serve as relay take-over judge, if so assigned.
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Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
3. The Judge of Stroke should be
positioned:
a)
b)
c)
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Along the side of the pool;
At the starting or turning end of the pool, overlooking the centre
lanes;
At the table with the Clerk of Course.
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Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
4. The Inspector of Turns should be
positioned:
a)
b)
c)
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At the starting or turning end of the pool, overlooking the lanes
to be judged;
Along the side of the pool, between the backstroke flags;
At the table with the Chief Finish Judge.
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Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
5. When serving as both Judge of
Strokes and Inspector of Turns,
you should be positioned:
a)
b)
c)
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Where you can move between the side and the end of the pool;
Mid-way along each side of the pool;
High in the stands where you can observe the entire pool.
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Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
6. In BREASTSTROKE events,
the swimmer can legally:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
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Swim with the head submerged for the entire race;
Swim with the head above the surface of the water at all times;
Swim with the head submerged, provided it breaks the surface of
the water at least once during each complete stroke cycle;
Dive into the wall, submerging the head on the touch;
Keep the head submerged after the start or turn, providing it
breaks the surface before the widest part of the second arm pull is
reached;
Have the elbows above the water for the final stroke before the
turns, during turns and at final stroke at the finish.
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Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
7. In BREASTSTROKE events,
the swimmer can legally:
a)
b)
c)
d)
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Touch with one hand before the other at the turn;
Touch with both hands simultaneously but at different levels;
Touch with both hands simultaneously above, below or at the
water’s surface;
Allow the shoulders to leave the horizontal plane before
completing the touch.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
8. In BREASTSTROKE
events, the swimmer:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
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May be on the side when coming out of a turn, after the feet
lose contact with the wall, before beginning the first arm-pull;
May take two complete strokes (arm pulls and leg kicks) before
breaking the surface of the water;
May use a single butterfly kick followed by a breaststroke kick
after the start and each turn;
May permit the heels to break the surface of the water;
May use the flutter kick;
Must use the butterfly kick throughout he race
May recover the arms on, under, or over the surface of the
water, providing the elbows remain beneath the surface;
May fully extend the arms backward during each stroke cycle;
May take a complete stroke cycle underwater for the purpose
of returning to the correct lane.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
9. In BACKSTROKE events, the
swimmer may legally:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
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Use a double arm pull;
Use an alternating arm stroke;
Use an inverted frog or butterfly kick;
Use a flutter kick;
Turn his shoulders past the vertical during the stroke;
Be submerged after the start and after each turn, provided
the head breaks the surface of the water by the 15m mark
Turn onto the breast and immediately initiate a continuous
turning motion;
Scull towards the wall, if he has missed the touch, as long as
he/she did not leave the back during the turn;
After indicating a continuous turn, lift the head to determine
the wall’s location without interrupting the ‘continuous’
nature of the turn.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
10. In BACKSTROKE events,
the swimmer may:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
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Touch with both hands at the turn or finish;
Touch while on the back, roll on to the front, grab the gutter
and push off on the back;
Turn before touching the end-wall with the foremost part of
the body;
Turn his shoulders past the vertical at the final touch;
Dive into the wall and touch below the surface while still on
the back;
Be on the breast when leaving the wall after a turn, but
return to the back before starting the first leg kick;
Kick while still submerged, after a turn
Kick during a continuous turn.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
11. In BUTTERFLY events, the
swimmer may legally:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
Take more than one kick after the start and each turn
before taking the first arm pull;
Use flutter kick;
Use the frog kick;
Alternate between butterfly and frog kick at will;
Swim with one leg consistently higher than the other;
Recover the arms underwater during the normal stroke
cycle;
Alternate arm strokes;
Trail legs with no kicking.
8C & D Masters Swimmers may
use the frog or whip kick
112
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Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
12. In BUTTERFLY events, the
swimmer may:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
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Kick into the wall for a touch with one or more correct leg
kicks and the arms extended;
Recover the arms underwater to complete a touch;
Touch below the water line;
Touch with the hands at different levels;
Touch with one hand before the other but at same level;
Touch with one hand;
Turn on to the side before the touch;
Dip one shoulder going into the turn, before the touch;
Be on the side coming out of a turn, before beginning the
first arm pull;
Complete any number of underwater arm pulls before
returning to the surface after the start or a turn;
Kick while on the side before beginning the first arm pull;
At the start and after each turn, the swimmer may be
submerged provided some part of the head breaks the
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
surface of the water before the 15m mark
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
13. In FREESTYLE events, the
swimmer may:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
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Touch with one hand;
Touch with one foot;
Touch with two hands;
Use the Breaststroke;
Use the dog-paddle;
Push off on the back after a turn;
Push off the bottom after a turn;
Alternate strokes at will;
Swim submerged at the start and after each turn as long as
the head breaks the water’s surface at or within the 15 m.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
14. In the INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY, when
changing from one stroke to the next,
the swimmer is required to:
a)
b)
c)
d)
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Retain the correct form of stroke until a legal touch has been
completed;
Attain the correct form of the next stroke in accordance with
the rules by the beginning of the first stroke;
Be free to turn in any manner after a legal touch has been
made for that stroke;
Remain on the surface of the water.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
15. The last one-fourth of the distance in
the INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY or
MEDLEY RELAY:
a)
b)
c)
d)
116
May be the Front Crawl;
May be the Sidestroke;
Shall be the Front Crawl;
Shall be any stroke but the first three of the Medley.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
16. The order of the strokes for the
MEDLEY RELAY is:
a)
b)
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Butterfly, Backstroke, Breaststroke, Freestyle;
Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly, Freestyle.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
17. The order of the strokes for the
INDIVIDUAL MEDLEY is:
a)
b)
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Butterfly, Backstroke, Breaststroke, Freestyle;
Backstroke, Breaststroke, Butterfly, Freestyle.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
18. A Judge of Stroke/Inspector of Turns may
disqualify a swimmer for any stroke or turn
infraction which he personally observes:
a)
b)
119
Whether or not the swimmer is in his assigned zone;
Only if the swimmer is in his assigned zone.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
19. A Judge of Stroke/Inspector of Turns shall,
unless otherwise instructed, report the
disqualification directly (verbally) to the:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
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Meet Referee;
Chief Finish Judge;
Session Referee / TA;
Chief Timekeeper;
The swimmer/coach within 15 minutes of the
infraction, if so instructed by the referee.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
20. A swimmer shall be disqualified
for:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
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Standing on the bottom of the pool except in freestyle;
Walking on the bottom of the pool in the direction of the race;
Using a stroke other than that specified for that event;
Pulling on a lane marker in the direction of the race;
Pulling along the side of the pool in the direction of the race;
Leaving the water and then re-entering to complete the race;
Holding on to a lane marker or pool wall to catch his breath;
Interfering with the progress of a swimmer in another lane;
Pushing off the bottom in the direction of the race;
Breaking the stroke or the orientation of the stroke during the
race except in freestyle.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
21. In a relay event, when a relay takeover judge observes an early takeover, he should:
a)
b)
c)
d)
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Immediately inform the remainder of the team that they
have been disqualified;
Wait until the end of the race before informing the team
about the disqualification;
Immediately inform the Referee;
Inform the Referee / TA at the end of the race.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
22. In a relay take-overs, the next
swimmer:
a)
b)
c)
d)
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May start from the blocks or the pool deck;
May start in the water when circumstances warrant (water
depth/para-swimmer);
May be in motion before the touch is made as long as the
toes are in contact with the block or side;
May return and touch the wall if he feels that his take-over
was too early.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
23. When a Judge of Stroke/Inspector of Turns
notes the details of a DQ on the swimmers
card, he should also:
a)
b)
c)
d)
Indicate on the front of the card that the swimmer is DQ’d
(i.e. a rubber stamp, bold diagonal line, etc.);
Sign the card;
Indicate the time the disqualification occurred;
Record the distance at which the infraction occurred.
NOTE: IF THERE IS ANY DOUBT,
DO NOT DISQUALIFY
124
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
24. Some of the responsibilities of the Head
Lane Timekeeper are to:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
125
Ensure that the assigned swimmer is in his lane;
Ensure that the correct time card is being used for each heat;
Determine the finish time of the winner of each heat;
Ensure that the correct times are being read and recorded in
his lane;
Determine the official time for his lane (when directed by the
Chief Timekeeper);
Ensure that one timer takes split times;
Determine the placing of the swimmer in his lane;
Notify the Chief Finish Judge, as directed, if the swimmer has
made an apparent light touch;
Operate the lap counters in long distance events;
Judge the legality of relay take-over;
Act as Turn Inspector if qualified and assigned;
Ensure the swimmer in his lane is informed of his official time.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
25. When an automatic judging and timing
system is in use, the Head Lane
Timekeeper should:
Ensure that no one inadvertently contacts the
touch pad;
b) Ensure that three manual times are provided;
c) Transcribe the automatic time from the display
board onto the time card.
a)
126
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
26. In long distance events, the Head
Lane Timekeeper shall:
a)
b)
c)
d)
127
Verify the tabulation of completed lengths with the Chief
Timekeeper before ringing the bell;
Delegate responsibility for tabulating lengths and ringing
the bell to another Timekeeper;
Advise the swimmer in his lane of the number of laps he
has completed;
Ensure that the split time for each lap is recorded (on the
time card or other official form).
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
27. The bell for the bell lap:
a)
b)
c)
d)
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Shall be rung when the swimmer has two lengths and 5
meters still to be swum;
Shall be rung over the right-hand lane marker;
Shall be rung continuously as the swimmer approaches
and leaves the wall (from the backstroke flags to the
backstroke flags);
Shall be rung for 800m and 1500m events only.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
28. When judging takeovers, the Head
Lane Timekeeper shall:
a)
b)
c)
d)
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Observe the touch-out and take-off from above the lane;
Keep one finger in contact with the toe of the swimmer
on the block;
Advise DQ’d swimmers immediately, even before the
race is completed;
Observe the take-over from the side of the pool.
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
Always give the swimmer the benefit of doubt.
You may be deceived by a splash
You must be absolutely sure.
130
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
Thank you
Approved by the Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Board
131
© Copyright 2010 - 2014
Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association
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