Controlling Bleeding By: Thalita Ribeiro Bleeding • Major bleeding can be life-threatening. • Bleeding can be external or internal. • You can bleed form your arteries, veins, or capillaries. • First Aid for bleeding is intended to: 1. Stop the bleeding. 2. Prevent infection. 3. Prevent shock. Arterial Bleeding • Is characterized by spurts with each beat of the heart. • Is bright red in color (although blood darkens when it meets the air). • Is usually severe and hard to control. • Arterial bleeding requires immediate attention! Venus Bleeding • • • • Is characterized by a steady flow. The blood is dark, almost maroon in shade. Is easier to control than Arterial bleeding. While the blood is being carried back to the heart to be oxygenated. Capillary Bleeding • Is usually slow and oozing in nature. • Usually has a higher risk of infection than other types of bleeding. • Bleeds from the smallest of our blood vessels. How to Stop Bleeding • Apply direct pressure on the wound. Use a dressing, rag, towel, piece of clothing, or hand alone. • If bleeding continues, elevate the wound above the level of the heart and continue to apply direct pressure. • If the bleeding still cannot be controlled, the next step is to apply pressure at a pressure point. • The final step to control bleeding is to apply a pressure bandage over the wound. Internal Bleeding • Signs and symptoms of internal bleeding are: 1. Bruised, swollen, tender, or rigid abdomen 2. Bruises on chest or signs of fractured ribs 3. Blood in vomit 4. Wounds that have penetrated the chest or abdomen 5. Bleeding from the rectum or vagina 6. Abnormal pulse and difficulty breathing 7. Cool, moist skin How to Help Internal Bleeding • If it’s a simple bruise, apply cold packs to slow bleeding, relieve pain, and reduce swelling. • If you suspect more severe internal bleeding, carefully monitor the patient and be prepared to administer CPR if required. • Reassure the victim, control external bleeding, care for shock, loosen tight-fitting clothing and place victim on side so fluids can drain from the mouth. Important Facts • Once pressure is applied, keep it in place. If dressings become soaked with blood, apply new dressings. The less a bleeding wound is disturbed, the easier it will be to stop the bleeding. Important Facts (continued) • A slow pulse rate, or bluish fingertips or toes (cyanosis), signal that a bandage may be impeding circulation. True Story • “Alright this is serious shit here. There’s an argument in a cybercafe, a 17 year old Chinese boy was suspected use of a ‘wallhack’ cheat (hack that allowed him to see through walls) in Counter-Strike game. A fight broke out outside the cybercafe regarding the hack and this 17 year old boy was being stabbed through the head with a foot-long knife. The boy was rushed to a nearby hospital. The knife was successfully removed after about 10 hours of surgery and the boy survived. Doctor said that the chance of surviving this kind of wound is one in ten thousand. That’s why sometime is not good being too pro in games. Gross picture after the break (seriously not for soft-hearted).” --2dayblog.com Are you ready? • His X-Ray.