Power Point Presentation by S K Adhikari on Hazardous Waste

Regulation on
Hazardous Waste
A presentation
S. K. Adhikari
Sr. Environmental Engineer
Waste Management Cell
West Bengal Pollution Control Board
Paribesh Bhawan, Sec.-III, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata- 700098
Website : www.wbpcb.gov.in
e-mail: [email protected]
Hazardous Waste
- legislations
HAZARDOUS WASTES (Management & Handling)
RULES, 1989 notified under the ENVIRONMENT
(Protection) ACT, 1986
amended in 2000
and again in 2003
The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling)
Rules, 1989 and amendments made thereafter
are now superseded by the new
Hazardous Waste (Management,
Handling & Transboundary
Movement) Rules, 2008.
Hazardous Waste as defined in the Rules
Any waste which by reason of any of its physical,
chemical, reactive, toxic, flammable, explosive or
corrosive characteristics causes danger or is
likely to cause danger to health or environment,
whether alone or when in contact with other
wastes or substances, and shall include wastes
listed in Schedules I, II & III of the Rules
Is a waste Hazardous or not ??
Waste is hazardous if
 it is listed in Schedule I
 Or, if it falls in Schedule II (analysis required)
For the purpose of regulation of Import &
Export, a waste is considered as hazardous if it
is listed in Schedule-III
 Wastes covered under
 Water Act, 1974
 Air Act, 1981
 MSW Rules, 2000
 BMW Rules, 1998
 Batteries (M & H) Rules, 2001
 Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 (wastes arising from
ships beyond 5 kms of relevant base line)
NOT COVERED under HW (M, H & TB M) Rules
Type and Nature of HWs
Recyclable – wastes having potential for recovery of
useful /valuable material e.g. Metal bearing dross, ash,
used oil etc.
Incinerable – wastes having high calorific value, mainly
organic wastes like solvents, tars, off-spec. Organic
products etc.
Land Disposable – wastes that can neither be recycled or
Storage of Hazardous Waste
Till disposal for recycling/ treatment/ land filling, HWs
are to be stored onsite in bags/ containers in a covered
Storage permitted for a period not exceeding 90 days
SPCB may extend the storage period, in case of
Small generator, generating HW upto 10 TPA
ii. Recyclers, reprocessors and facility operators upto 6
months of their annual capacity
iii. Generators who do not have access to any TSDF in the
concerned State
iv. Wastes which need to be specifically stored for
development of a process for its recycling, reuse.
Transportation of Hazardous Waste
HWs to be properly packed and labelled for
transport to ensure safe handling
HW Containers shall be marked as per Form-12
Information on hazardous nature of wastes and
measures to be taken in case of emergency shall
be provided to the transporter in Form-11
Transport to be in accordance Motor Vehicles
Act, 1988 and related guidelines
Manifest System (Form-13) to be maintained
Manifest in Form 13 for transportation
The occupier shall prepare six copies of the manifest in Form 13
comprising of color code indicated below
(all six copies to be signed by the transporter)
Waste Blue Pink Yellow
Blue Pink
generator Orange Green Transporter Orange Green Operator
Disposal Methodology of HWs
Recyclable Wastes – to be sold to actual recyclers
authorised for processing the particular hazardous waste
Note : SPCB Registration required for non-ferrous metal wastes, used
& waste oil, e-waste, ink waste, paint waste etc. As listed in Sch-IV
Incinerable Wastes – may be incinerated onsite in captive
incinerator or in common HW incinerator;
Note : CPCB standard and guidelines to be followed for the operation
of the incinerator.
Disposable wastes – to be disposed in authorised HW
disposal facility; to be stabilised before disposal, if
Waste stabilization
Responsibilities of Occupier
(HW generator, recycler, TSDF Operator)
To obtain Hazardous Waste (HW) Authorisation
To obtain HW Registration ( Recycler only)
To obtain CPCB permission for utilization of HW
To treat/dispose their wastes on their own or through
common TSDF facility
To store HWs in an environmentally safe manner till disposal
To maintain record of storage, sale, transfer, recycling and
reprocessing of HWs in Form- 3
Responsibilities of Occupier
(HW generator, recycler, TSDF Operator)
To maintain Manifest System (Form-13) for
waste transport and disposal
To submit Annual Returns (Form 4) to SPCB by
30th June of every year for the preceding
period April to March (Recyclers to submit
Annual Return in Form-6)
To report accidents related to hazardous
wastes (Form-14)
Responsibilities of SPCB
To grant, refuse or cancel HW Authorization
To prepare inventory of the HW generating units and
quantum of HW generation
To monitor HW generating units for ensuring safe
storage, treatment and disposal of wastes
To analyze the waste characteristics in order to decide
its nature
Responsibilities of SPCB
To grand registration to the HW recycler.
To approve the design and layout of a proposed TSDF as
per CPCB guidelines
To monitor the setting up and operation of TSDFs
To regulate import of HW (Schedule-III).
To grant Registration to the traders for import of HW
To ensure re-export of illegally imported HW
Hazardous Waste Authorisation
Who needs ?
All units (occupier) generating, handling,
collecting, receiving, treating, transporting,
reprocessing, recovering, reusing and disposing
hazardous wastes
Registration of HW recycling units
Who needs Registration ?
All units recycling or reprocessing hazardous wastes
specified in Schedule-IV
application in Form-5 to the SPCB
needs CFE (in case of fresh application) and
valid CFO and HW authorisation (in case of renewal)
Registration issued by SPCB in the form of a Pass-book
mentioning HW type and quantity permitted for
Sale / Auction of HWs
listed in Schedule-IV
Sale only to units having valid Registration
Can be sold to any registered unit in the country
Each sale to be endorsed in original Pass-book of
purchaser issued by the SPCB
To check waste type specified in the original Pass-book
To check whether purchaser has capacity to process the
quantity available for sale
Import and Export of HW
MoEF is the nodal agency
Schedule III to be used for regulating HW export and
Export & Import ban on 30 items (Schedule VI)
Import shall be permitted only for recycling or
recovery or re-use and not for disposal.
Export may be allowed to an actual user of the waste or
operator of a disposal facility with the Prior Informed
consent of the importing country
Wastes listed in Part-D of Schedule III can be
imported by traders registered with the SPCB on
behalf of actual users
Hazardous Waste
Import and Export Procedure
Permission /
Appln. by Importer/
Exporter in
Form 7 & Form 8
PIC to be submitted along with application in case
of wastes listed in Schedule-III Part A
Illegal Traffic
Any import or export of hazardous waste
without prior permission of the Central Govt. or
through submission of false information or not
tallying with movement documents (Form-9)
For illegal import, importer has to re-export
the waste at his cost within 90 days of arrival
Responsibilities of Importer and
Submit Form-7 & Form -8 to MoEF with copy to
SPCB prior to import or export
Obtain PIC and submit along with Form- 7 & 8
in case of Import and Export of Wastes listed
in Schedule-III Part –A
Ensure that movement document (Form-9)
accompanies the consignment
Inform SPCB and CPCB in advance regarding
date & time of arrival of consignment
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