“Special Programme for Strengthening SPS Facilities and Quality Inspection Services in Compliance with WTO - Establishment of An Integrated National Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service” [NAPHIS] Presented by:: Mr. Itrat Rasool Malhi Plant Specialist Ministry of Food & Agriculture, Government of Pakistan 28th March, 2011 Composition of Agriculture Sector in Pakistan GDP Share 21% Livestock Crops (52%) (45.4%) Major ( wheat, cotton, sugarcane, rice) (34.0%) Minor ( pulses , fruits & vegetables ,oil seeds) (11.4%) Forestry * Source: Agricultural Statistics (2009) (1.0%) Pakistan’s Agricultural Profile: Minor crops including horticulture commodities contribute 12% of the countries agricultural GDP. Area under Production: Area Hectares Quantity (Tons 000) All Vegetables 252.9 3213.9 All Fruits 857.1 7051.5 Export of Fruit and Vegetables Quantity (000 Tons) Value (Rs. in Million) Fruit and Vegetable Juices 15.6 1254.5 Fruit 465.9 12313.6 Vegetables 424.8 5785.3 Quality Issues Non-Compliance with Food Safety / Quality Standards in Trade. Frequent rejections of agro based export consignments resulting into huge loses of foreign exchange earnings. Imposition of ban on exports due to non compliance of SPS standards. Lack of SPS management capacity. Acts/laws/quality standards outdated. inadequate SPS management /inspection and quality certification system. Central Problem Non compliant products are consigned to markets due to a systematic failure of SPS management system. CONFISCATION OF PAKISTAN’S EXPORT CONSIGNMENTS BY EU Importing Country 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-2010 Total 2010-11 Up to Feb., 2011 1 UK 8 2 6 20 6 8 4 60 2 Greece 2 - 6 4 1 3 5 22 3 Italy 2 3 1 3 1 4 - 14 4 Lithuania - - - 13 - - - 13 5 Germany 1 4 1 - 1 1 3 11 6 Spain 1 - - 1 2 1 - 5 7 Norway 2 2 - - - - - 4 8 Poland - - 2 1 - 1 - 4 9 Netherlands - - 3 - - - - 3 10 France - - - - - 3 - 3 11 Sweden - - - - 1 1 - 2 12 Belgium - - 2 - - - - 2 13 Austria 1 - - - - 1 - 2 14 Denmark - - 1 - - - 1 2 15 Switzerland - - - - - 1 - 1 16 Taiwan - - - - 1 - - 1 17 UAE - 1 - - 1 18 USA 1 Total: 17 11 22 42 14 24 21 151 CONFISCATION OF EXPORTS BY TYPE OF CONTAMINATION (EU) Export Consignments Contamination Confiscated Consignment No. % Share i. Curry Powder, Red Chilli, Spicy Peanuts, Nuts, Sweet Almond Kernels, Basmati Rice, Peanut Snacks, Peanuts, Peanuts Brittle, Halwa, Almond. Biological Hazards - MycotoxinsAflatoxin 73 48% ii. Biriani Spices, Masala Mix, Achar Masala Spices, Imlee Sauce, Vegetables Chilli, Spicy Mixture of meat in Rice, Red Chilli Powder, Haldi, Pickled Garlic, Tandoori Masala Mix, Nihari Masala Mix. Mangos, Mango beverages. Biological hazards – Bacterial and parasitic) Enterobacteriaceae & Bacillus cereus, Salmonella Edinburg, Moulds in Almonds, Unsuitable Organoleptic Infestation of Insects and Larvae of Insects, Fruit fly triazophos. 14 09 % iii. Chilli Pickle, Canned Vegetables, Bitter Apricot, Carrot, Kernels (Wild) Sesamic Seeds, Chilli Powder, Almonds, Broken Brown Rice, Shrimps, Sheep casing Rice, Rice spices mix, curry masala, dried morels, sweets and mango squash, sweet fennel seeds. Chemical hazards (Food adhesive – (acids, colour and Toxin) Erucic Acid, Hydrocyanic Acid, E-210, Benzoic Acid, Colour Sudan 1,3,4 & colour E-110, 102, 129 ,lead sulphite, tetrazine, Rhoda-mine-B, orange II, Chloramphenicol, Quinolones 64 41 % 151 100 % Total: Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement The agreement on application of SPS measures sets out the basic rules for food safety and animal and plant health standards. It allows countries to set their own standards which must be based on science. They should be applied only to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant health or life. They should not be arbitrary or unjustifiably discriminated between countries. Member countries are encouraged to use international standards, guidelines and recommendation, where they exists. Basic aim of SPS agreement is to maintain sovereign right of any government to protect the level of health. International Standards SPS agreement encourages government to establish national SPS measure consistent with international standards, guidelines and recommendations – process with harmonization. WTO itself does not and will not develop standards, however, most WTO member governments participate in development of standards by international bodies. Harmonization of Standards are based on: Codex Alimentarius Commission, OIE and IPPC. Import and Export Inspection and Certification System: The guidelines include application of standards in international trade regulatory measures by government to protect consumers against food borne hazards. Existing Legal Frameworks of NAPHIS Line Departments S. No. Name of Legislation Administering Department 1. The Pakistan Animal Quarantine (Import and Export of Animal and Animal Products) Ordinance, 1978 (XLIX of 1979) AQD 2. The Pakistan Plant Quarantine Act, 1976 (LXXV of 1976) The Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking ) Act, 1937 (I of 1937) The Seed Act, 1976 (XXIX of 1976) DPP 3. 4. DALPMG FSC & RD 5. The Pakistan Fish Inspection and Quality Control Act, 1997 (XXXV of 1997) MFD 6. The Exclusive Fisheries Zone (Regulation and Fishing) Act, 1975 (XXXII of 1975) MFD 7. No law. NVL 8. No law. GQTL SPS Conditions in Horticulture Products Pesticide residue contamination at an alarming level. Concern of fruit fly. Spray frequency is co-related with market prices of the commodities. Recommended harvest intervals are mostly ignored. Storage conditions in adequate giving rise to high aflatoxin. Standards of quality not applied. level of NAPHIS Vision MINFA has initiated a project namely; Special Programme for Strengthening SPS facilities and Quality Inspection Services in compliance with WTO. To establish NAPHIS as an internationally accepted agency to regulate SPS/TBT issues in Pakistan. NAPHIS - FACE TO SPS ISSUES Institutionalize NAPHIS as a permanent Regulatory Body dealing with all aspects of SPS / TBT issues. Strengthen SPS Management Capacity through NAPHIS to Regulate Food Safety and agricultural related issues associated with imports. Ensure coordination between various departts and remove resource and scientific & infrastructural constraints. Monitor / evaluate workings of affiliated line departments. Project Executing Components / Related Bodies GQTL DPP MINFA NAPHIS FSC & RD AQD NVL MFD DALPMG Other Related Agencies: (a) Local: MOC, MOH, MLDD/LDDB, Provincial Departts / PNAC , PSQCA etc. (b) Foreign: Codex Alimentarius Commission, FAO, WHO, APHIS / USDA, UNIDO, WTO and Foreign Trading Partners. (c) Technical Organization Support: Afghan – Pak – US Trilateral Consultations. Overlapping in Administration of SPS/TBT Issues SPS/TBT Related Agencies GOP MOST PNAC MOC PSQCA PHDEC MOH Provinces DAH MINFA PFL WAY FORWARD General Requirements for SPS Controls: Legislation (institutional, powers, technical conditions). Competent authority – organizational structure. Human resource, risk management, risk assessment or technical inspection skills. Testing and reference laboratories. Implementation (resources, political will). Specific Requirements for SPS Control Control of plant health requirements (pest monitoring, reporting, control measures or plant quarantine, certification. Control system for plant protection (pesticides, establishing residue levels or residue monitoring. Control of post harvest, storage and processing conditions (risk assessment, inspection). Implementation of Trade Policy Initiatives. Trade Policy 2008-09 under export quality and standards directed that a system of voluntary preshipment inspection and sampling of agro-based products for exports to be introduced. Ministry of Commerce in consultations with Ministry of Food & Agriculture (MinFA) and Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) notify concerned products and accredited labs. Trade Policy 2009-10 decision on PakGAP standards initially for 5 major horticulture items may be worked out by MoST in consultation with MinFA and implemented by MinFA in collaboration with Pakistan Horticulture Development and Export Company (PHDEC). Revival of system of grading and quality certification of agricultural products under Agricultural Produce (Grading & Marking) Act to be revised. Establishment of NAPHIS as a sole regulatory body for food safety, plant and animal health and SPS management. Introduction of quality certification by PSQCA of all processed food and food products meant for export / import by Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority (PSQCA).